Degrees of restructuring in Creole languages [electronic resource] / edited by Ingrid Neumann-Holzschuh, Edgar W. Schneider.

Amsterdam ; Philadelphia : J. Benjamins, c2000.
Creole language library ; v. 22.
Creole language library, 0920-9026 ; v. 22
1 online resource (498 p.)
Creole dialects -- History.
Electronic books.
Basic notions in the field of creole studies, including the category of "creole languages" itself, have been questioned in recent years: Can creoles be defined on structural or on purely sociohistorical grounds? Can creolization be understood as a graded process, possibly resulting in different degrees of "radicalness" and intermediate language types ("semi-creoles")? If so, by which linguistic structures are these characterized, and by which extralinguistic conditions have they been brought about? Which are the linguistic mechanisms underlying processes of restructuring, and how did grammatic
DEGREES OF RESTRUCTURING IN CREOLE LANGUAGES; Editorial page; Title page; Copyright page; Table of contents; Introduction: ""Degrees of restructuring"" in creole languages?; Acknowledgements; References; Semi-creolization: Problemsin the development of theory; 1. Introduction; 2. Semi-creolization versus decreolization; 3. African American Vernacular English; 4. Brazilian Vernacular Portuguese; 5. Non-standard varieties of Caribbean Spanish (NSCS); 6. Afrikaans; 7. Réunionnais; 8. Conclusions; References; Theories of creolization and the degree and nature of restructuring; 1. Introduction
2. Theoretical approaches2.1. The Bickerton approach; 2.2. The gradual basilectalization approach; 2.3. Lefebvre 's relexifìcation hypothesis; 2.4. Mainstream approaches; 3. A constructive approach; 4. Restructuring and ""typical"" creole features; 5. Conclusions; References; Creolization is a social, not a structural, process; 1. Introduction; 2. Creoles as outcomes of natural and normal language evolution; 3. The developers of creoles had target systems; 4. Creoles as disfranchised dialects of their lexifiers; 5. Is there justification for specializing on creoles?; 6. In conclusion
ReferencesDefining ""creole"" as a synchronic term; 1. Introduction; 2. Epistemology of the Creole Prototype; 3. Specifying the three traits of the Creole Prototype; 3.1. Inflectional affixation; 3.2. Tone; 3.3. Noncompositional derivation; 4. The gradience of the Prototype; 4.1. Typological similarity of source languages; 4.2. Diachronic drift; 4.3. Heavy substrate contact; 4.4. Heavy superstrate contact; 4.5. Implications for the Creole Prototype Hypothes is; 5. Situating gradience within the model: Demonstration case - Haitian Creole; 5.1. Haitian ""inflection""?
5.2. Noncompos itional derivation5.3. Haitian within the Creole Prototype model: Still in the middle; 5.3.1. Import of Haitian derivation; 5.3.2. Accounting for gradience: Predictions from other perspectives; 5.3.3. Accounting for gradience: Specifying sociohistorical conditions for the Prototype; 6. Older languages conforming to the Prototype?; 7. Conclusion; References; Opposite processes in ""creolization""; References; Two types of restructuring in French creoles: A cognitive approach to the genesis of tense markers; 1. Grammaticalization: a cognitive-pragmatic approach
1.1. The initial stages of grammaticalization1.2. Polygenetic meaning change and grammaticalization: French Creole fini; 1.3. Later stages of grammaticalization: the loss of present relevance; 2. Reanalysis in creolization; 2.1. The principle of restructuring in the FrCr's; 2.2. Creole tense markers brought about by reanalysis; 2.3. Conclusion; 3. Reanalysis or grammaticalization? Sorting out the FrCr future markers; References; The fate of subject pronouns: Evidence from creole and non-creole languages; 1. Introduction
2. From subject pronoun to predicate marker: Evidence from creole languages
Description based upon print version of record.
Includes bibliographical references and indexes.
Neumann-Holzschuh, Ingrid.
Schneider, Edgar W. (Edgar Werner), 1954-
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