A manual of geology for civil engineers [electronic resource] / John Pitts.

Pitts, John, 1947-
Singapore : World Scientific, c1984.
1 online resource (230 p.)
Engineering geology.
Electronic books.
This manual of geology discusses the major aspects of descriptive geology, notably rock types and structural studies. The basic techniques of rock descriptions are also dealt with at length.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS; PREFACE; CONTENTS; A MANUAL OF GEOLOGY FOR CIVIL ENGINEERS; CHAPTER 1: BASIC CONCEPTS IN GEOLOGY AND THEIR RELEVANCE IN CIVIL ENGINEERING; 1.1 Plate Tectonics; 1.2 Uniformitarianism; 1.3 Superposition; 1.4 The Geochemical Cycle; 1.5 Geological Time and the Stratigraphic Column; 1.6 Geomorphic Systems; 1.7 Thresholds and Uniformity of Natural Systems; Example 1 - shearing strength of materials; Example 2 - stream flow; 1.8 Magnitude and Frequency of Forces in Geomorphic Processes; 1.9 Equilibrium of Geological Processes and their Disturbanceby Engineering Activity; Example 1
Example 2 Example 3; Example 4; Example 5; CHAPTER 2: ROCKS, THEIR COMPOSITION,IDENTIFICATION AND PROPERTIES; 2.1 Igneous Rocks; 1 Classification of igneous rocks; 2 Control over the form of igneous rocks; Volcanics; (a) Lava Flows; (b) Pyroclastics; Intrusives; (a) Sheet forms; (b) Lensoid forms; (c) Large intrusions; 2.2 Sedimentary Rocks; 1 Sedimentation; 2 Sedimentary fades; 3 Diagenesis; 4 Diagenetic effects; 1. Pure Clay; 2. Pure quartz sand; 3. Pure Limestones; 2.3 Sandstones; 2.3 Sandstones; 1 Distinguishing features of sandstones; 2 Classification of sandstones; 3 Clean sandstones
4 Dirty sandstones 5 Feldspathic sandstones; 2.4 Mudrocks; 2.5 Carbonate Rocks; 1 Terminology and classification of carbonate rocks; 2.6 Metamorphic Rocks; 2.7 Classification of Rocks; 1 The use of feldspars in rock classifications; Igneous rocks; Metamorphic rocks; Sedimentary rocks; 2.8 Identification of Rocks; 1 Identification of igneous rocks; 2 Identification of sedimentary rocks; 3 Identification of metamorphic rocks; Common textures of metamorphic rocks; 2.9 Some Engineering Properties of Rocks; 2.10 Elastic Properties of Roeks; 1 Moduli of elasticity
2 Geological influences on the elastic behaviour of rocks 3 Poisson's ratio; 2.11 Strength Properties of Rocks; 1 Factors controlling the strength of rocks; 2.12 The Development of Index Properties of Rocks; CHAPTER 3: THE GEOMETRY, DESCRIPTION AND PROPERTIES OF ROCKMASSES; 3.1 Folds; 1 Geometry of folding; 3.2 Structural Discontinuities; 1 Faults; 2 Rock cleavage; 3 Joints; 4 Unconformities; 3.3 Shear Strength of Discontinuities; 1 Influence of surface roughness on shear strength; 2 Shear strength along actual joints; 3 Determination of /; 4 Apparent cohesion due to surface roughness
5 Peak and residual strength 6 Shear strength of filled discontinuities; 3.4 Residual Stress; 1 Gravitational stresses; 2 Latent stresses; 3.5 Sheet Joints; CHAPTER 4: WEATHERING, EROSION,TRANSPORTATION AND DEPOSITION; 4.1 Weathering and its Significance in Geotechnical Engineering; 1 Weathering processes; 2 Weathering and weatherability; 3 Weathering in humid tropical climates; 4 Tests to assess weatherability; 4.2 Engineering Classification of Weathered Rock; 4.3 Erosion; CHAPTER 5: SOIL PARTICLES, SOIL FABRICSAND SOIL STRUCTURES; 5.1 Non-cohesive Particles; 5.2 Cohesive Particles; 1 Silts
5.3 Clay Fabrics
"A Halsted Press book."
Includes bibliographical references and index.
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