Process intensification for green chemistry [electronic resource] : engineering solutions for sustainable chemical processing / edited by Kamelia Boodhoo and Adam Harvey.

Chichester, West Sussex, U.K. : Wiley, 2013.
1 online resource (431 p.)

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Environmental chemistry -- Industrial applications.
Chemical processes.
Sustainable engineering.
Electronic books.
The successful implementation of greener chemical processes relies not only on the development of more efficient catalysts for synthetic chemistry but also, and as importantly, on the development of reactor and separation technologies which can deliver enhanced processing performance in a safe, cost-effective and energy efficient manner. Process intensification has emerged as a promising field which can effectively tackle the challenges of significant process enhancement, whilst also offering the potential to diminish the environmental impact presented by the chemical industry. Follow
Process Intensification For Green Chemistry: Engineering Solutions for Sustainable Chemical Processing; Contents; List of Contributors; Preface; 1 Process Intensification: An Overview of Principles and Practice; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 Process Intensification: Definition and Concept; 1.3 Fundamentals of Chemical Engineering Operations; 1.3.1 Reaction Engineering; 1.3.2 Mixing Principles; 1.3.3 Transport Processes; 1.4 Intensification Techniques; 1.4.1 Enhanced Transport Processes; 1.4.2 Integrating Process Steps; 1.4.3 Moving from Batch to Continuous Processing; 1.5 Merits of PI Technologies
1.5.1 Business1.5.2 Process; 1.5.3 Environment; 1.6 Challenges to Implementation of PI; 1.7 Conclusion; Nomenclature; Greek Letters; References; 2 Green Chemistry Principles; 2.1 Introduction; 2.1.1 Sustainable Development and Green Chemistry; 2.2 The Twelve Principles of Green Chemistry; 2.2.1 Ideals of Green Chemistry; 2.3 Metrics for Chemistry; 2.3.1 Effective Mass Yield; 2.3.2 Carbon Efficiency; 2.3.3 Atom Economy; 2.3.4 Reaction Mass Efficiency; 2.3.5 Environmental (E) Factor; 2.3.6 Comparison of Metrics; 2.4 Catalysis and Green Chemistry
2.4.1 Case Study: Silica as a Catalyst for Amide Formation2.4.2 Case Study: Mesoporous Carbonaceous Material as a Catalyst Support; 2.5 Renewable Feedstocks and Biocatalysis; 2.5.1 Case Study: Wheat Straw Biorefinery; 2.6 An Overview of Green Chemical Processing Technologies; 2.6.1 Alternative Reaction Solvents for Green Processing; 2.6.2 Alternative Energy Reactors for Green Chemistry; 2.7 Conclusion; References; 3 Spinning Disc Reactor for Green Processing and Synthesis; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Design and Operating Features of SDRs; 3.2.1 Hydrodynamics; 3.2.2 SDR Scale-up Strategies
3.3 Characteristics of SDRs3.3.1 Thin-film Flow and Surface Waves; 3.3.2 Heat and Mass Transfer; 3.3.3 Mixing Characteristics; 3.3.4 Residence Time and Residence Time Distribution; 3.3.5 SDR Applications; 3.4 Case Studies: SDR Application for Green Chemical Processing and Synthesis; 3.4.1 Cationic Polymerization using Heterogeneous Lewis Acid Catalysts; 3.4.2 Solvent-free Photopolymerization Processing; 3.4.3 Heterogeneous Catalytic Organic Reaction in the SDR: An Example of Application to the Pharmaceutical/Fine Chemicals Industry; 3.4.4 Green Synthesis of Nanoparticles
3.5 Hurdles to Industry Implementation3.5.1 Control, Monitoring and Modelling of SDR Processes; 3.5.2 Limited Process Throughputs; 3.5.3 Cost and Availability of Equipment; 3.5.4 Lack of Awareness of SDR Technology; 3.6 Conclusion; Nomenclature; Greek Letters; Subscripts; References; 4 Micro Process Technology and Novel Process Windows - Three Intensification Fields; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Transport Intensification; 4.2.1 Fundamentals; 4.2.2 Mixing Principles; 4.2.3 Micromixers; 4.2.4 Micro Heat Exchangers; 4.2.5 Exothermic Reactions as Major Application Examples; 4.3 Chemical Intensification
4.3.1 Fundamentals
Description based upon print version of record.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Boodhoo, Kamelia V. K.
Harvey, Adam (Adam P.)