Matt Jenson argues that the image of being 'curved in on oneself' is the best paradigm for understanding sin relationally, that it has sufficient explanatory breadth and depth to be of service to contemporary Christian theology. He looks to Augustine as the Christian source for this image in his various references to humanity's turn to itself, though the threads of a relational account of sin are not drawn together with any systematic consequence until Martin Luther's description of 'homo incurvatus in se' in his commentary on Romans. Luther radicalizes Augustine's conception by applying this relational view of sin to the totus homo and by emphasizing its appearance, above all, in homo religiosus. The Western tradition of sin understood paradigmatically as pride has been recently called into question by feminist theologians. Daphne Hampson's critique of Luther on this front is considered and critiqued. Though she is right to call attention to the insufficiency of his and Augustine's myopic focus on pride, the question remains whether 'incurvatus in se' can operate paradigmatically as an umbrella concept covering a far wider range of sins. Karl Barth's extension of 'incurvatus in se' to apply more broadly to pride, sloth and falsehood suggests that incurvature can do just that.
Introduction Augustine's inward turn: an ambiguous beginning Luther's radical and religious incurvature (How) do women sin? : Daphne Hampson and the feminist critique of Luther Broadening the range of the metaphor : Barth's threefold description of sin Coda Introduction 1. Augustine's inward turn: An ambiguous beginning Love makes the city The goodness of the garden Participation and relationality Civic foundations What happened? The beginning of sin Falsehood Pride Isolation Falling into slavery The call to humility Augustine's ambiguous inwardness in The Trinity A conclusion
2. Luther's radical and religious invurvature Setting the task Simus iustus et peccator Fuel to the fire: The persistence of the fomes Copernicux Redux The logic of person and works Totus homo? The postures of death and spirit Incurvatus in se as ignorance: The critique of natural understanding Using, enjoying: Incurvatus in se as egoism Homo religiosus as Homo incurvatus in se The violation of vocation: Transgressing the limits of calling Conclusion: Augustine versus Luther?
3. (How) Do women sin? Daphne Hampson and the Feminist critique of Luther Introduction Hampson's critique of Luther on sin, incurvatus in se and the self Hampson's alternative Transition: Key questions Problems with a gendered approach to sin Hampson's account of sin per se and the controlling factor of continuity On the explanatory sufficiency of incurvatus in se
4. Broadening the range of the metaphor: Barth's threefold description of sin Introduction A brief apology for paradigms Sin Christologically defined Humanity through a Christological lens: A closer look Sin as pride Sin as falsehood Sin as sloth Hampson and Barth: A tale of two sloths Conclusion
Coda Select Bibliography
Description based upon print version of record. Electronic reproduction. London : Bloomsbury Publishing, 2015 Available via World Wide Web. Access limited by licensing agreement Includes bibliographical references (pages -202)