This report provides Mayors and other policymakers with a policy framework and diagnostic tools to anticipate and implement strategies that can avoid their cities from locking into irreversible physical and social structures. At the core of the policy framework are the three main dimensions of urban development. Planning- where the focus is on making land transactions easier, and making land use regulations more responsive to emerging needs especially to coordinate land use planning with infrastructure, natural resource management, and risks from hazards; Connecting-where the focus is on mak
Cover; Contents; Foreword; Acknowledgments; About the Authors; Abbreviations; Overview; BOXES; 0.1 Thinking through policy and investment choices using the World Bank's Urbanization Reviews; FIGURES; BO.1.1 Urbanization Review countries, by urbanization rate (2009) and GDP per capita (2010); 0.1 A framework of rules: Planning, connecting, and financing; MAPS; 0.1 Where financing comes first, inefficiencies are likely to follow: Uncoordinated plans for housing and mass transport in Hanoi, Vietnam; 0.2 Planning, connecting, and financing cities: How the World Bank can help city leaders 1 Planning cities1.1 Vietnam's dual land price system creates problems for the assembly of large plots of land needed for industry; 1.2 Bottlenecks in accessing industrial land for private investment; 1.1 Greening city growth: Coordinating land use and infrastructure planning; 1.1 New York's planning is granular (and integrated with infrastructure)-Mumbai's is coarse; 1.3 São Paulo finances infrastructure improvements by selling land development right; 1.2 Inconsistencies between new development and mass transit investments in Hanoi, Vietnam, 2009 1.4 Share of population with access to piped water across countries and city sizes1.5 Utilities in some of India's largest cities do not recover their operating and management costs for water supply and sanitation through user fees, 2006-07; 1.2 Successful policy reform in Armenia is based on a well-defined policy framework, clear service-level targets, and incentives for public private participation; 1.6 Public transit fares do not recover operating costs in many of the world's largest cities Spotlight A: Slums are not inevitable: Rules for flexible land use and coordinated connections can improve living conditionsSpotlight B: The value of market rules for basic services: For expanded coverage and increased efficiency, it's not all about the money; SB.1 Access to basic services by city size in Colombia, 1964-2005; SB.2 Vietnam achieved near to universal electricity coverage in just over 15 years; 2 Connecting cities; TABLES; 2.1 Measuring connections along primary, secondary, and tertiary road segments in Malawi 2.1 Measuring connections by straight-line distance and by economic distance: Two market-access maps of India2.2 Brazil's growth in freight transport cost per ton, 2009-11, by distance traveled; 2.1 Identifying road connection constraints in Vietnam: The World Bank's trucking industry survey; B2.1.1 Origin cities in the Vietnam trucking industry survey; 2.1 How do urban workers commute in Uganda?; 2.2 Street densities compared: The central business districts of Bangkok, Hanoi, New York, and Seoul; 2.2 Gaps between transport prices and costs in Africa suggest a monopolistic transport sector 2.3 The rise of private motor vehicles in Vietnam, 1997-2009
Description based upon print version of record. Includes bibliographical references.