General Chemistry [electronic resource].

Pauling, Linus.
Other Title:
General Chemistry
Newburyport : Dover Publications, 2014.
Dover Books on Chemistry
Dover Books on Chemistry
1 online resource (1726 p.)
Local subjects:
Electronic books.
""An excellent text, highly recommended."" - ChoiceWhen it was first published, this first-year chemistry text revolutionized the teaching of chemistry by presenting it in terms of unifying principles instead of as a body of unrelated facts. Those principles included modern theories of atomic and molecular structure, quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics and thermodynamics. In addition, Dr. Pauling attempted to correlate the theories with descriptive chemistry, the observed properties of substances, to introduce the student to the multitude of chemical substances and their properties. In
Cover; Title Page; Copyright Page; Contents; 1 The Nature and Properties of Matter; 1-1 Matter and Chemistry; 1-2 Mass and Energy; 1-3 The International System of Units; 1-4 Temperature; 1-5 Kinds of Matter; 1-6 The Physical Properties of Substances; 1-7 The Chemical Properties of Substances; 1-8 The Scientific Method; 2 The Atomic and Molecular Structure of Matter; 2-1 Hypotheses, Theories, and Laws; 2-2 The Atomic Theory; 2-3 Modern Methods of Studying Atoms and Molecules; 2-4 The Arrangement of Atoms in a Crystal; 2-5 The Description of a Crystal Structure; 2-6 Crystal Symmetry
the Crystal Systems2-7 The Molecular Structure of Matter; 3 The Electron, the Nuclei of Atoms, and the Photon; 3-1 The Nature of Electricity; 3-2 The Discovery of the Electron; 3-3 The Discovery of X-rays and Radioactivity; 3-4 The Nuclei of Atoms; 3-5 The Birth of the Quantum Theory; 3-6 The Photoelectric Effect and the Photon; 3-7 The Diffraction of X-rays by Crystals; 3-8 Electron Wave Character and Electron Spin; 3-9 What Is Light? What Is an Electron?; 3-10 The Uncertainty Principle; 4 Elements and Compounds. Atomic and Molecular Masses; 4-1 The Chemical Elements
4-2 The Neutron. The Structure of Nuclei4-3 Chemical Reactions; 4-4 Nuclidic Masses and Atomic Weights; 4-5 Avogadro's Number. The Mole; 4-6 Examples of Weight-relation Calculations; 4-7 Determination of Atomic Weights by the Chemical Method; 4-8 Determination of Atomic Weights by Use of the Mass Spectrograph; 4-9 Determination of Nuclidic Masses by Nuclear Reactions; 4-10 The Discovery of the Correct Atomic Weights. Isomorphism; 5 Atomic Structure and the Periodic Table of the Elements; 5-1 The Bohr Theory of the Hydrogen Atom; 5-2 Excitation and Ionization Energies
5-3 The Wave-mechanical Description of Atoms5-4 The Periodic Table of the Elements; 5-5 Electron Energy as the Basis of the Periodic Table; 5-6 The History of the Periodic Table; 6 The Chemical Bond; 6-1 The Nature of Covalence; 6-2 The Structure of Covalent Compounds; 6-3 The Direction of Valence Bonds in Space; 6-4 Tetrahedral Bond Orbitals; 6-5 Bond Orbitals with Large p Character; 6-6 Molecules and Crystals of the Nonmetallic Elements; 6-7 Resonance; 6-8 Ionic Valence; 6-9 The Partial Ionic Character of Covalent Bonds; 6-10 The Electronegativity Scale of the Elements
6-11 Heats of Formation and Relative Electronegativity of Atoms6-12 The Electroneutrality Principle; 6-13 The Sizes of Atoms and Molecules. Covalent Radii and van der Waals Radii; 6-14 Oxidation Numbers of Atoms; 7 The Nonmetallic Elements and Some of Their Compounds; 7-1 The Elementary Substances; 7-2 Hydrides of Nonmetals. Hydrocarbons; 7-3 Hydrocarbons Containing Double Bonds and Triple Bonds; 7-4 Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Benzene; 7-5 Ammonia and Its Compounds; 7-6 Other Normal-valence Compounds of the Nonmetals; 7-7 Some Transargononic Single-bonded Compounds; 7-8 The Argonons
8 Oxygen Compounds of Nonmetallic Elements
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