Franklin

Toxicology, survival and health hazards of combustion products / edited by David A. Purser, Hartford Environmental Research, Hatfield, UK, Robert L. Maynard, University of Birmingham, UK, James C. Wakefield, Health Protection Agency, UK.

Publication:
Cambridge : Royal Society of Chemistry, [2016]
Series:
Issues in toxicology ; 23.
Issues in toxicology ; 23
Format/Description:
Book
1 online resource (676 p.)
Subjects:
Combustion products -- Risk assessment.
Toxicology.
Form/Genre:
Electronic books.
Language:
English
Summary:
This book provides comprehensive and detailed information on combustion processes, dispersion of combustion products, estimation of rate of production of products and their effects on health.
Contents:
Cover; Contents; Preface; Acknowledgements; Dedication; Terms and Definitions; Chapter 1 Overview of Combustion Toxicology; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 Summary of the Main Aspects of the Subject Areas Addressed in the Book; References; The Science of Combustion; Chapter 2 Fire Types and Combustion Products; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Non-flaming and Smouldering Fires; 2.2.1 Non-flaming Thermal Decomposition; 2.2.2 Fluorocarbons; 2.2.3 Fate of Phosphorus in Combustion Products; 2.2.4 Brief Case Histories of Non-flaming Thermal Decomposition Incidents; 2.2.5 Smouldering; 2.3 Well-ventilated Flaming Fires
2.4 Ventilation-controlled (Fuel-rich) Flaming Fires2.5 Continuous Ventilation-controlled Pre-and Post-flashover Fires; 2.6 Examples of Fire Incidents; 2.7 Practical Aspects; 2.7.1 Toxicity and Toxic Hazard; 2.7.2 Acute Life-threatening Hazards in Building or Transport Fires; 2.7.3 Determination of Time-Concentration Exposure Curves from Fire Incidents; 2.7.4 Direct Measurement during Incidents or Full-scale Incident Reconstruction; 2.7.5 Generation and Measurement of Combustion Product Effluents; References
Chapter 3 Estimating Yields and Quantities of Mass Releases of Toxic Products from Fires3.1 Modelling Conditions during Fire Incidents; 3.2 Fire Modelling Basics; 3.2.1 Source Fire and Fire Size; 3.2.2 Calculation of Burning Rates and Toxic Product Releases from the Heat Release Rate; 3.3 Calculation and Measurements of Product Yields and Recovery Fractions; 3.4 Using Individual Products as Markers for Estimating Concentrations of Other Components; 3.5 Validation of Fire Test Data for Application to Fire Hazard Assessments
3.6 Estimation of Combustion Products Capable of Causing Acute and Chronic Health Hazards or Environmental Contamination3.7 Environmental Contamination by Dioxins and Furans from Halogenated Materials; References; Chapter 4 Products of Combustion and Toxicity from Specific Types of Fires; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Types of Fires; 4.2.1 Effects of Thermal Breakdown Conditions; 4.2.2 Pyrolysis; 4.2.3 Smouldering; 4.2.4 Flaming Combustion, Well-ventilated; 4.2.5 Flaming Combustion, Ventilation-controlled; 4.2.6 Composition of Smokes; 4.3 Common Toxic Combustion Products
4.3.1 Different Categories of Toxicants4.3.2 Asphyxiant Gases; 4.3.3 Irritant Gases; 4.3.4 Complex Molecules; 4.3.5 Health Issues for Vulnerable Groups; 4.4 Hazardous Combustion Products Formed by Fuel Type; 4.4.1 General and Case Specific Considerations; 4.4.2 Fires Involving Polymeric Materials; 4.4.3 Fires Involving Wood; 4.4.4 Fires Involving Rubber and Tyres; 4.4.5 Fires Involving Oil and Petrol; 4.4.6 Fires Involving Hazardous Chemicals (Chemical, Pesticide Manufacturer and Storage); 4.4.7 Fires Involving Asbestos; 4.5 Smoke Behaviour; 4.6 Main Conclusions; References
Chapter 5 Generation, Sampling and Quantification of Toxic Combustion Products
Notes:
Includes index.
Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page (ebrary, viewed January 25, 2016).
Contributor:
Purser, David A., editor.
Maynard, Robert L., editor.
Wakefield, James C., editor.
ISBN:
1-5231-0201-2
1-84973-748-7
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