The role of catalysis for the sustainable production of bio-fuels and bio-chemicals [electronic resource] / edited by Kostas S. Triantafyllidis, Angelos A. Lappas, Michael Stöcker.

1st ed.
Amsterdam : Elsevier, 2013.
1 online resource (607 p.)
Biomass energy.
Electronic books.
The Role of Catalysis for the Sustainable Production of Bio-fuels and Bio-chemicals describes the importance of catalysis for the sustainable production of biofuels and biochemicals, focused primarily on the state-of-the-art catalysts and catalytic processes expected to play a decisive role in the ""green"" production of fuels and chemicals from biomass. In addition, the book includes general elements regarding the entire chain of biomass production, conversion, environment, economy, and life-cycle assessment. Very few books are available on catalysis in production schemes us
Front Cover; The Role of Catalysis for the Sustainable Production of Bio-Fuels and Bio-Chemicals; Copyright; Contents; Preface; Contributors; Chapter 1: A General Introduction to Biomass Utilization Possibilities; 1.1. Introduction: Scope of This Introduction; 1.2. A Short History: What Is Biomass? What Is Photosynthesis?; 1.3. Chemistry of Biomass and Biomass Conversion; 1.4. Drawbacks and Limitations of Biofuels 1.0: First-Generation Biofuels; 1.5. Biofuels 2.0: Second-Generation Biomass Conversion Technologies; 1.6. Beyond Biofuels: A Personal Future Perspective; Acknowledgments
ReferencesChapter 2: Biomass Composition and Its Relevance to Biorefining; 2.1. Introduction; 2.2. Chemistry of Biomass Materials; 2.2.1. Carbohydrates; Monosaccharides; Disaccharides and Oligosaccharides; Polysaccharides; Starch; Cellulose; Hemicelluloses; Pectins; 2.2.2. Lignin; 2.2.3. Lignocellulose Macrostructure; 2.2.4. Extractives; 2.2.5. Protein; 2.2.6. Ash; 2.2.7. Triglycerides; 2.3. Biomass Types; 2.4. Biorefining Technologies; 2.4.1. Effects of Biomass Composition on Hydrolysis Technologies
2.4.2. Effects of Biomass Composition on Thermochemical Processing2.5. First-Generation Versus Second-Generation Biomass; 2.6. Feedstock Logistics; 2.7. Lignocellulosic Feedstocks; 2.7.1. Energy Crops; Miscanthus; Switchgrass; Reed Canary Grass; Short-Rotation Coppices; 2.7.2. Agricultural Residues; Sugarcane Bagasse; Straws/Stover; Animal Excreta; Forestry Residues; 2.7.3. Wastes; Unsorted Municipal Solid Waste; Paper/Cardboard; Food and Garden Wastes
2.8. Advances in Lignocellulosic Feedstocks2.9. Summary; Acknowledgments; References; Chapter 3: Catalytic Upgrading of Fats and Vegetable Oils for the Production of Fuels; 3.1. Introduction; 3.2. Vegetable Oils; 3.2.1. Microalgae; 3.2.2. Direct Use of Vegetable Oils as Fuel; 3.3. Thermal Cracking (Pyrolysis) of Vegetable Oils; 3.4. Transesterification of Vegetable Oils; 3.5. Hydrotreating/Hydrocracking of Vegetable Oils; 3.5.1. Introduction; 3.5.2. Products and Reaction Routes in Hydrotreating/Hydrocracking of Vegetable Oils; 3.5.3. Catalysts, Supports, and Reaction Conditions
3.6. Conclusions and PerspectivesReferences; Chapter 4: Heterogeneous Catalysis for Biodiesel Production; 4.1. Introduction; 4.2. Biodiesel Produced Using Organocatalysts; 4.2.1. Acid Organic Catalysts; 4.2.2. Base Organic Catalysts; 4.3. Solid Inorganic Acid Catalysts; 4.3.1. Acid Catalysts; 4.3.2. Metal Salts; 4.3.3. Zeolites and Molecular Sieves; 4.3.4. Polyoxometalates; 4.3.5. Modified Zirconia Catalysts; 4.3.6. Other Sulfated Catalysts; 4.3.7. Carbon-Based Solid Acid Catalysts; 4.3.8. Triflate Catalysts; 4.3.9. Supported Lewis Acid Metal Compounds; 4.4. Basic Solid Catalysts
4.4.1. Metal Oxide Catalysts
Description based upon print version of record.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Triantafyllidis, Kostas S.
Lappas, Angelos A.
Stöcker, Michael.
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