Models of brain and mind [electronic resource] : physical, computational and psychological approaches / edited by Rahul Banerjee, Bikas K. Chakrabarti.
- Amsterdam ; London : Elsevier, 2008.
- Progress in brain research ; v. 168.
Progress in brain research, 0079-6123 ; v. 168
1 online resource (287 p.)
- Consciousness -- Congresses.
Brain -- Computer simulation -- Congresses.
- Electronic books.
- The phenomenon of consciousness has always been a central question for philosophers and scientists. Emerging in the past decade are new approaches to the understanding of consciousness in a scientific light. This book presents a series of essays by leading thinkers giving an account of the current ideas prevalent in the scientific study of consciousness. The value of the book lies in the discussion of this interesting though complex subject from different points of view ranging from physics and computer science to the cognitive sciences. Reviews of controversial ideas related to the philoso
- Cover; Contents; List of contributors; Preface; Chapter 1. How to separate conceptual issues from empirical ones in the study of consciousness; What are the problems of consciousness?; Problems of definition; To what does the term ''consciousness'' refer?; Conceptual problems surrounding the function of consciousness and the causal interaction of consciousness and brain; Further problems with conscious causation; How can one make sense of conscious causation?; Conclusion; References; Chapter 2. The disunity of consciousness; Functional specialization in the visual brain
Processing sites are also perceptual sitesThe asynchrony and temporal hierarchy of visual perception; Binding and macro-consciousnesses; Three levels of hierarchies in consciousness; Acknowledgements; References; Chapter 3. Consciousness: the radical plasticity thesis; The radical plasticity thesis; A learning-based account of consciousness; Metarepresentation; Conclusion; Acknowledgments; References; Chapter 4. A higher order Bayesian decision theory of consciousness; Introduction; Signal detection theory; Criterion setting and maintenance reflect consciousness
Optimal criterion setting and its failureMisrepresentations; Ambiguity; Dynamic fluctuation; Empirical support; Philosophical issues and final remarks; Acknowledgments; References; Chapter 5. Subjective measures of unconscious knowledge; Philosophical basis of subjective measures; The guessing and zero-correlation criteria; The problem of bias; Types of confidence scales; Judgment versus structural knowledge; Controlling the use of knowledge; Conclusion; References; Chapter 6. Interdependence of attention and consciousness; Introduction; Relationship between attention and consciousness
Is consciousness necessary for attention?Is attention necessary or sufficient for consciousness?; Concluding remarks; References; Chapter 7. Computational studies of consciousness; Introduction and overview; Some history and those involved; The aims of computational models of consciousness; The challenge of phenomenology: is there a hard problem?; Depiction: the key mechanism for conscious representation; Current perspectives on five axioms; The mechanistic use of the axioms: the kernel architecture; The kernel architecture and visual awareness; Unstable vision; Is an organism conscious?
Animal consciousnessHigher order thought; The kernel architecture, experience, sleep and dreaming; Application to machines; Summary and conclusions; Appendix: the digital neuron; References; Chapter 8. Identification of neuroanatomical substrates of set-shifting ability: evidence from patients with focal brain lesions; Introduction; Methodology; Results; Discussion; Conclusion; References; Chapter 9. Thinking is believing; Introduction; Preliminaries; Beliefs and stories; Stories; Partial order of contexts; Acceptability and such; Summary; References
Chapter 10. The emergence of mind and brain: an evolutionary, computational, and philosophical approach
- Selected conference papers.
Includes bibliographic references.
- Banerjee, Rahul.
Chakrabarti, B. K. (Bikas K.), 1952-
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