Franklin

Breathing, emotion and evolution / edited by Gert Holstege, Caroline M. Beers, Hari H. Subramanian.

Publication:
Amsterdam, Netherlands : Elsevier, 2014.
Format/Description:
Book
1 online resource (422 p.)
Edition:
First edition.
Series:
Progress in brain research ; Volume 212.
Progress in Brain Research, 0079-6123 ; Volume 212
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Details

Subjects:
Respiration -- Regulation.
Medical subjects:
Respiratory Physiological Phenomena.
Form/Genre:
Electronic books.
Language:
English
Summary:
Respiration is one of the most basic motor activities crucial for survival of the individual. It is under total control of the central nervous system, which adjusts respiratory depth and frequency depending on the circumstances the individual finds itself. For this reason this volume not only reviews the basic control systems of respiration, located in the caudal brainstem, but also the higher brain regions, that change depth and frequency of respiration. Scientific knowledge of these systems is crucial for understanding the problems in the many patients suffering from respiratory failure. Th
Contents:
Front Cover; Breathing, Emotion and Evolution; Copyright; Contributors; Preface; Contents; Chapter 1: Physiological and pathophysiological interactions between the respiratory central pattern generator and the sympat; 1. Introduction; 2. Respiratory Modulation of Sympathetic Activity; 3. Respiratory Baroreflex; 4. Respiratory-sympathetic Chemoreflex; 5. Chronic Intermittent Hypoxia; 6. Unified Theoretical Framework for Respiratory-Sympathetic Coupling: Limitations and Perspectives; Acknowledgments; References
Chapter 2: Coupling of respiratory and sympathetic activities in rats submitted to chronic intermittent hypoxia1. Sympathetic Nervous System and Its Interaction with the Respiratory Network; 2. Central Mechanisms Underlying respiratory-sympathetic Coupling; 3. Relevance of Respiratory-Sympathetic Coupling Dysfunctions to the Development of Systemic Hypertension; 4. Perspectives; Acknowledgments; References; Chapter 3: Function and modulation of premotor brainstem parasympathetic cardiac neurons that control heart rate by hypoxia-,; 1. Introduction; 2. Autonomic Control of Cardiac Function
3. Responses to Hypoxia4. Cardiovascular Regulation During Sleep; 5. Cardiovascular Changes with sleep-related Diseases such as OSA; 6. Conclusions; Acknowledgments; References; Chapter 4: Discharge properties of upper airway motor units during wakefulness and sleep; 1. Introduction and Background; 2. Upper Airway Muscle Recording and Analysis Techniques; 3. Upper Airway Motor Unit Discharge Patterns; 4. Manipulations of sleep-wake State and Respiratory Drive; 5. Overview; References
Chapter 5: Effects of calcium (Ca2+) extrusion mechanisms on electrophysiological properties in a hypoglossal motoneuron: Ins1. Introduction; 2. Methods; 3. Results; 3.1. Ca2+ Extrusion Mechanisms; 3.2. Addition of BK Channels-Type I Firing; 3.3. Addition of Ca2+ Buffering-Type D Firing; 3.4. Combining BK Channels and Ca2+ Buffering; 3.5. Ca2+ Diffusion; 4. Discussion; 4.1. Ca2+ Extrusion Mechanisms; 4.2. Stable Modification to Firing Frequency; 4.3. Type I and D Firing Behaviors; 4.4. Context-Dependent Properties; 4.5. Putative Mechanistic Explanations of Behavior
4.6. Long-Term Linear Decay of Frequency4.7. Conclusion; Acknowledgment; References; Chapter 6: Using a computational model to analyze the effects of firing frequency on synchrony of a network of gap junction-c; 1. Introduction; 2. Methods and Simulation Details; 2.1. Simulations with Different Levels of Gap Junction Coupling Strength; 3. Results; 3.1. Influence of Changes in SK Conductance and Input Current on Firing Frequency; 3.2. Influence of Firing Frequency on Network Synchrony; 3.3. Influence of Coupling Strength Extremes on Synchrony; 4. Discussion; References
Chapter 7: The physiological significance of postinspiration in respiratory control
Notes:
Description based upon print version of record.
Includes bibliographical references and index at the end of each chapters.
Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page (ebrary, viewed September 17, 2014).
Contributor:
Holstege, G. (Gert), editor.
Beers, Caroline M., editor.
Subramanian, Hari H., editor.
ISBN:
0-444-63495-9