Science and ideology : a comparative history / edited by Mark Walker.
- London ; New York : Routledge, 2003.
- Routledge Studies in the History of Science, Technology and Medicine
Routledge studies in the history of science, technology, and medicine
Routledge studies in the history of science, technology and medicine
1 online resource (605 p.)
- Science and state -- History -- 20th century -- Case studies.
- Electronic books.
- This unique comparative history of scientific policies and practices in the 20th century brings together a number of case studies to examine the relationship between science and the dominant ideology of a state.
- Cover; Half Title; Title Page; Copyright Page; Dedication; Table of Contents; Notes on contributors; 1. Introduction: science and ideology; Science and the Cold War; Science and National Socialism; Comparative studies of science and ideology; Notes; 2. Science and totalitarianism: lessons for the twenty-first century; Introduction; Science and scientism in totalitarian ideologies; Totalitarian ideologies in science; Science and freedom; Conclusions; Notes; 3. "Ideologically correct" science; Introduction; France; The Soviet Union; Germany; Japan; United States; China; Conclusion; Notes
4. From communications engineering to communications science: cybernetics and information theory in the United States, France, and the Soviet UnionTechnical content and national context; The origins of cybernetics: expanding control; The NDRC and the fire control problem; Wiener's civilian elaboration; Cybernetics and information theory in France; French political context; Discussions at the first French congresses; Ideological attack from the French Communist Party; French contributions to information theory; A French consensus regarding the place of cybernetics
Cybernetics and information theory in the Soviet UnionThe anti-cybernetics campaign in the USSR; The rehabilitation of cybernetics and the new era; Soviet cybernetics as a trading zone; Models of communication as exchange of information; Conclusion; Notes; 5. Science policy in post-1945 West Germany and Japan: between ideology and economics; Introduction; Post-1945 West Germany; Shifting american attitudes towards science in Germany; Post-war German critiques of science and technology; Promoting the power of science; Claiming political virtue for science; Post-1945 Japan
Postwar Japanese critiques of science and technologyShifting American attitudes; Promoting atoms for peace in Japan; Concluding comments; Notes; 6. The transformation of nature under Hitler and Stalin; Introduction; The Third Reich and the forest; The people's automobile; Nature transformation under Stalin and beyond; Seeing the forest for the socialist trees; Authoritarian regimes and nature transformation reconsidered; Notes; 7. Legitimation through use: rocket and aeronautic research in the Third Reich and the U.S.A.; Introduction
Structures I: rocket and aeronautics research in the Third ReichRocket development at Peenemönde-Ost; Aeronautic research at Völkenrode; First actor: towards the socialization of German rocket and aeronautic researchers; Structures II: the replication of a principle of organization; Replicas: Huntsville and Tullahoma; Rocket development in Huntsville; Aeronautic and rocket research in Tullahoma; Second actors: transfer of scientists and technology to the U.S.A.; Tasso Proppe: a "Paperclip" engineer in the U.S.A.; Conclusion; Notes
8. Weaving networks: the University of Jena in the Weimar Republic, the Third Reich, and the postwar East German state
- Description based upon print version of record.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Description based on print version record.
- Walker, Mark, 1959-
- Publisher Number:
- 10.4324/9781315015002 doi
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