Science and ideology : a comparative history / edited by Mark Walker.

London ; New York : Routledge, 2003.
Routledge Studies in the History of Science, Technology and Medicine
Routledge studies in the history of science, technology, and medicine
Routledge studies in the history of science, technology and medicine
1 online resource (605 p.)
Science and state -- History -- 20th century -- Case studies.
Electronic books.
This unique comparative history of scientific policies and practices in the 20th century brings together a number of case studies to examine the relationship between science and the dominant ideology of a state.
Cover; Half Title; Title Page; Copyright Page; Dedication; Table of Contents; Notes on contributors; 1. Introduction: science and ideology; Science and the Cold War; Science and National Socialism; Comparative studies of science and ideology; Notes; 2. Science and totalitarianism: lessons for the twenty-first century; Introduction; Science and scientism in totalitarian ideologies; Totalitarian ideologies in science; Science and freedom; Conclusions; Notes; 3. "Ideologically correct" science; Introduction; France; The Soviet Union; Germany; Japan; United States; China; Conclusion; Notes
4. From communications engineering to communications science: cybernetics and information theory in the United States, France, and the Soviet UnionTechnical content and national context; The origins of cybernetics: expanding control; The NDRC and the fire control problem; Wiener's civilian elaboration; Cybernetics and information theory in France; French political context; Discussions at the first French congresses; Ideological attack from the French Communist Party; French contributions to information theory; A French consensus regarding the place of cybernetics
Cybernetics and information theory in the Soviet UnionThe anti-cybernetics campaign in the USSR; The rehabilitation of cybernetics and the new era; Soviet cybernetics as a trading zone; Models of communication as exchange of information; Conclusion; Notes; 5. Science policy in post-1945 West Germany and Japan: between ideology and economics; Introduction; Post-1945 West Germany; Shifting american attitudes towards science in Germany; Post-war German critiques of science and technology; Promoting the power of science; Claiming political virtue for science; Post-1945 Japan
Postwar Japanese critiques of science and technologyShifting American attitudes; Promoting atoms for peace in Japan; Concluding comments; Notes; 6. The transformation of nature under Hitler and Stalin; Introduction; The Third Reich and the forest; The people's automobile; Nature transformation under Stalin and beyond; Seeing the forest for the socialist trees; Authoritarian regimes and nature transformation reconsidered; Notes; 7. Legitimation through use: rocket and aeronautic research in the Third Reich and the U.S.A.; Introduction
Structures I: rocket and aeronautics research in the Third ReichRocket development at Peenemönde-Ost; Aeronautic research at Völkenrode; First actor: towards the socialization of German rocket and aeronautic researchers; Structures II: the replication of a principle of organization; Replicas: Huntsville and Tullahoma; Rocket development in Huntsville; Aeronautic and rocket research in Tullahoma; Second actors: transfer of scientists and technology to the U.S.A.; Tasso Proppe: a "Paperclip" engineer in the U.S.A.; Conclusion; Notes
8. Weaving networks: the University of Jena in the Weimar Republic, the Third Reich, and the postwar East German state
Description based upon print version of record.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Description based on print version record.
Walker, Mark, 1959-
Publisher Number:
10.4324/9781315015002 doi
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