Franklin

Embracing the Other : Philosophical, Psychological, and Historical Perspectives on Altruism / Pearl Oliner, Samuel P. Oliner, Lawrence Baron, Lawrence Blum.

Publication:
New York, NY : New York University Press, [1992]
Format/Description:
Book
1 online resource (476 p.)
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Subjects:
Motivation (Psychology) -- Congresses.
Altruism -- Congresses.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Jews -- Rescue -- Congresses.
Righteous Gentiles in the Holocaust -- Psychology -- Congresses.
Form/Genre:
Electronic books.
Language:
English
Summary:
All but buried for most of the twentieth century, the concept of altruism has re-emerged in this last quarter as a focus of intense scholarly inquiry and general public interest. In the wake of increased consciousness of the human potential for destructiveness, both scholars and the general public are seeking interventions which will not only inhibit the process, but may in fact chart a new creative path toward a global community. Largely initiated by a group of pioneering social psychologists, early questions on altruism centered on its motivation and development primarily in the context of contrived laboratory experiments. Although publications on the topic have been considerable over the last several years, and now represent the work of representatives from many disciplines of inquiry, this volume is distinguished from others in several ways.Embracing the Other emerged primarily as a response to recent research on an extraordinary manifestation of real-life altruism, namely to recent studies of non-Jewish rescuers of Jews during World War II. It is the work of a multi-disciplinary and international group of scholars, including philosophers, social psychologists, historians, sociologists, and educators, challenging several prevailing conceptual definitions and motivational sources of altruism. The book combines both new empirical and historical research as well as theoretical and philosophical approaches and includes a lengthy section addressing the practical implications of current thinking on altruism for society at large. The result is a multi-textured work, addressing critical issues in varied disciplines, while centered on shared themes.
Contents:
Frontmatter
CONTENTS
Contributors
Preface
Introduction
Introduction
1. Empathy and Protest: Two Roots of Heroic Altruism
2. Altruism and the Moral Value of Rescue: Resisting Persecution, Racism, and Genocide
3. Rescue, Righteousness, and Morality
Introduction
4. Altruism and Human Nature: Resolving the Evolutionary Paradox
5. Altruism and the Evolution of Civil Society
Introduction
6. The Development of Altruistic Personality
7. The Self in Moral Agency: Toward a Theoretical Model of the Ideal Altruistic Personality
8. Self, We, and Other(s): Schemata, Distinctiveness, and AI truism
9. Motivations of People Who Helped Jews Survive the Nazi Occupation
10. Predicting Prosocial Commitment in Different Social Contexts
11. Helping in Late Life
Introduction
12. The Question of Altruism during the Armenian Genocide of 1915
13. The Dutchness of Dutch Rescuers: The National Dimension of Altruism
14. The Role of Polish Nuns in the Rescue of Jews, 1939-1945
15. Political Altruism: A Case Study
Introduction
16. Promoting Extensive Altruistic Bonds: A Conceptual Elaboration and Some Pragmatic Implications
17. The Origins of Caring, Helping, and Nonaggression: Parental Socialization, the Family System, Schools, and Cultural Influence
18. Altruism among Alcoholics
19. Altruism and Extensivity in the Baha'i Religion
20. Altruism in the Socialist World
Index
Notes:
Papers presented at the conference, Theoretical and social implications of rescuing people in extreme situations: another look at altruism, held in Radziejowice, Poland, in June 1989.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page (publisher's Web site, viewed 23. Jun 2020)
Contributor:
Baron, Lawrence, editor., Editor,
Blum, Lawrence, editor., Editor,
Oliner, Pearl, editor., Editor,
Oliner, Samuel P., editor., Editor,
ISBN:
0-8147-6262-X
OCLC:
782878125
Publisher Number:
10.18574/9780814762622 doi