Essentials of Cognitive Neuroscience guides undergraduate and early-stage graduate students with no previous neuroscientific background through the fundamental principles and themes in a concise, organized, and engaging manner. It is designed to provide students with a foundation to understand primary literature, recognize current controversies in the field, and engage in discussions on cognitive neuroscience and its future. Presented in full color, it contains a range of pedagogical features to aid student learning and understanding. Unique to this text, important experimental methods and t
Title Page; Copyright Page; Brief Contents; Contents; Preface; Acknowledgments; Methodology Boxes; Walk Through of Pedagogical Features; Companion Website; Section I The Neurobiology of Thinking; Introduction to Section I The Neurobiology of Thinking; COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE? OR ""HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE""? OR ""NEUROSCIENCE-WITH-DIRECT IMPLICATIONS-FOR-UNDERSTANDING-HUMAN-BEHAVIOR""?; Chapter 1 Introduction and History; KEY THEMES; TIMELINE: NINTEENTH- AND TWENTIETH-CENTURY ORIGINS OF COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE; A BRIEF (AND SELECTIVE) HISTORY; Localization of function vs. mass action The first scientifically rigorous demonstrations of localization of functionWHAT IS A BRAIN AND WHAT DOES IT DO?; LOOKING AHEAD TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE; END-OF-CHAPTER QUESTIONS; REFERENCES; OTHER SOURCES USED; FURTHER READING; Chapter 2 The Brain; KEY THEMES; PEP TALK; GROSS ANATOMY; The cerebral cortex; THE NEURON; Electrical and chemical properties of the neuron; Neuroanatomical techniques exploit the physiology of the neuron; OSCILLATORY FLUCTUATIONS IN THE MEMBRANE POTENTIAL; Neurons are never truly "at rest"; Synchronous oscillation; COMPLICATED, AND COMPLEX END-OF-CHAPTER QUESTIONSREFERENCES; OTHER SOURCES USED; FURTHER READING; Section II Sensation, Perception, Attention, and Action; Introduction to Section II Sensation, Perception, Attention, and Action; Chapter 3 Sensation and Perception of Visual Signals; KEY THEMES; THE DOMINANT SENSE IN PRIMATES; ORGANIZATION OF THE VISUAL SYSTEM; The visual field; The retinotopic organization of primary visual cortex; INFORMATION PROCESSING IN PRIMARY VISUAL CORTEX - BOTTOM UP FEATURE DETECTION; The V1 neuron as feature detector; Columns, hypercolumns, and pinwheels INFORMATION PROCESSING IN PRIMARY VISUAL CORTEX - INTERACTIVITYFeedforward and feedback projections of V1; Circularity? It can depend on your perspective; The relation between visual processing and the brain's physiological state; WHERE DOES SENSATION END? WHERE DOES PERCEPTION BEGIN?; END-OF-CHAPTER QUESTIONS; REFERENCES; OTHER SOURCES USED; FURTHER READING; Chapter 4 Audition and Somatosensation; KEY THEMES; APOLOGIA; AUDITION; Auditory sensation; Auditory perception; Adieu to audition; SOMATOSENSATION; Transduction of mechanical and thermal energy, and of pain; Somatotopy Somatosensory plasticityPhantom limbs and phantom pain; Proprioception; Adieu to sensation; END-OF-CHAPTER QUESTIONS; REFERENCES; OTHER SOURCES USED; FURTHER READING; Chapter 5 The Visual System; KEY THEMES; FAMILIAR PRINCIPLES AND PROCESSES, APPLIED TO HIGHER-LEVEL REPRESENTATIONS; TWO PARALLEL PATHWAYS; A diversity of projections from V1; A functional dissociation of visual perception of what an object is vs. where it is located; Interconnectedness within and between the two pathways; THE ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS OF THE VENTRAL VISUAL PROCESSING STREAM Hand cells, face cells, and grandmother cells
Includes index. Includes bibliographical references and index. Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page (ebrary, viewed January 23, 2015).