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Popes, Lawyers, and Infidels [electronic resource] : The Church and the Non-Christian World, 1250-1550 / James Muldoon.

Author/Creator:
Muldoon, James.
Publication:
Philadelphia, Pa. : University of Pennsylvania Press, [2015]
Format/Description:
Book
1 online resource
Contained In:
De Gruyter University Press Library.
Status/Location:
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Other Title:
De Gruyter Online.
Subjects:
Church history -- Middle Ages, 600-1500.
Law, Medieval.
Persons (Canon law).
Language:
In English.
System Details:
Mode of access: Internet via World Wide Web.
text file PDF
Summary:
Criticism of the way in which Europeans have treated the inhabitants of the non-European world in the course of European expansion has a long history, Three centuries before Christopher Columbus encountered the American Indians, European intellectuals and clergymen had criticized the treatment of the peoples whom the crusaders and other Europeans met as they moved outward from the heartland of European civilization.The connection between the sixteenth-century Spanish writers who criticized the Spanish conquest of the Americas and medieval writers who criticized the behavior of Europeans toward the non-Europeans they encountered on their borders, is more familiar. Yet, their criticism referred back to medieval legal traditions and arguments about the rights of infidels in the face of European expansion. However, it is the increased recognition of the importance of this connection that has inspired much new research in the field of medieval canon law.The most important theorist of what we now call "race relations", in the Middle Ages, was Sinibaldo Fieschi, a distinguished canon-lawyer, who became Pope Innocent IV (1243-54), whose pontificate is the starting point of this study. As a working canon-lawyer and pope, Innocent's work provides an unusual insight into the whole development of Christian-infidel relations, for his work covers those who lived within Christian Europe, those who were recent converts to Christianity, and those who lived beyond the bounds of Christendom.As pope he initiated the Mongol mission, the first attempt to deal with the Mongol threat to Eastern Europe on a diplomatic level, and to convert the Mongols to Christianity. As a lawyer he was also the author of a commentary on the nature of a just war that became the basis for all future discussion of the rights of infidels who lived in the path of European expansion.A wide knowledge of both legal theory and papal practice blended in a single career and it was this
Contents:
Frontmatter
Contents
Introduction
1. Christian Relations with Infidels: The Theory
2. Innocent IV: The Theorist as Practitioner
3. The Successors of Innocent IV
4. The Popes of Avignon and the World beyond Christendom
5. The End of the Mongol Mission
6. The Lawyers Reconsider the Rights of Infidels
7. The Spanish Experience
Conclusion
Appendix: A Note on Medieval Attitudes and Modern Racism
Notes
Bibliography
Index
Notes:
Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page (publisher's Web site, viewed Sep. 08, 2016)
ISBN:
9781512818192
OCLC:
959918607
Publisher Number:
10.9783/9781512818192 doi
Access Restriction:
Restricted for use by site license.