Sun protection [electronic resource] : a risk management approach / Brian Diffey.

Diffey, B. L. author.
Bristol [England] : IOP Publishing, [2017]
1 online resource (various pagings) : illustrations (some color)
IOP (Series). Release 4.
IOP expanding physics
[IOP release 4]
IOP expanding physics, 2053-2563

Location Notes Your Loan Policy


Solar radiation -- Physiological effect.
Solar radiation -- Health aspects.
Skin -- Pathophysiology -- Prevention.
Medical subjects:
Skin -- radiation effects.
Sunlight -- adverse effects.
Skin Physiological Phenomena.
Skin -- physiopathology.
System Details:
Mode of access: World Wide Web.
System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader, EPUB reader, or Kindle reader.
Brian Diffey is Emeritus Professor in Dermatological Sciences at the University of Newcastle, UK. His career was spent in the NHS, where he was Professor of Medical Physics and Clinical Director in the Newcastle Hospitals. His involvement with sun protection has spanned more than 40 years and his interests include the measurement of personal sun exposure, its effects in normal and diseased skin, and ways to minimize excessive exposure, especially through the use of topical sunscreens. He has advised a number of bodies on sun exposure and skin health including the World Health Organization, Department of Health, and the Cancer Research UK SunSmart programme, as well as patient support groups concerned with sun-related diseases such as vitiligo and xeroderma pigmentosum. He invented both the UVA Star Rating for sunscreens in conjunction with Boots in the UK, and the Critical Wavelength adopted by the Food and Drug Administration in the USA as the sole measure of broad spectrum protection. In 1999 he was awarded the Medal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists for his contributions to suncare, and in 2011 was honoured at the International Sun Protection Conference for significant innovation in the field of photoprotection.
Sun Protection differentiates itself from other texts by adopting a risk-management approach to determine whether, how, and in what circumstances, harm might be caused, and to explore the feasibility of various strategies in controlling exposure to solar UV radiation. This multi-disciplinary book covers topics from climatology through human exposure to sunlight, as well as biological and clinical effects of UV radiation to physical and chemical strategies for photoprotection.
1. Introduction to risk management
1.1. Risk, hazard and exposure
1.2. Risk management
1.3. Sun exposure and risk
1.4. A risk management approach to sun protection
2. The origin and beneficial effects of solar UV radiation
2.1. The nature of optical radiation
2.2. The Sun
2.3. The positive effects of solar UV radiation exposure
3. Factors that influence the quality and quantity of terrestrial solar UV radiation
3.1. The atmosphere
3.2. Quantities and units
3.3. Factors affecting the spectral irradiance of terrestrial UV radiation
3.4. Measuring solar UV radiation
3.5. Ultraviolet climatology
3.6. Reference solar UV spectrum
3.7. Simulated sources of sunlight
3.8. Modelling solar UV radiation
3.9. Ozone depletion and its impacts on solar UV radiation
4. Deleterious effects of solar UV radiation exposure on the skin
4.1. Pathways to harm from solar UV exposure
4.2. Erythema
4.3. Photosensitivity
4.4. Skin cancer
4.5. Photoageing
4.6. UV effects on the eyes
5. The impact of time and space in moderating human exposure to solar UV radiation
5.1. Behavioural influences on exposure to solar UV radiation
5.2. Attitudes to sun exposure
5.3. Trends in sun exposure
5.4. Modelling human exposure to solar UV radiation
5.5. Strategies for controlling human exposure to solar UV radiation
6. Physical barriers to protect humans from solar UV radiation exposure
6.1. Shade
6.2. Clothing
6.3. Hats
6.4. The changing fashion for summer clothing
6.5. Sun protection accessories
6.6. Estimation of body surface area covered by clothing
6.7. Optical filters
6.8. Sunglasses
6.9. Combining protection modalities
7. Sunscreens
7.1. The nature of topical sunscreens
7.2. Sunscreen use
7.3. The sun protection factor
7.4. In vitro assessment of protection factors
7.5. What wavelengths should sunscreens protect against?
7.6. Broad-spectrum protection
7.7. The sunscreen-sunburn paradox
7.8. SPFs in natural sunlight
7.9. Compliance
7.10. Impact of sunscreen SPF on the likelihood of sunburn
7.11. Safety of sunscreens
7.12. Shelf life of sunscreens
7.13. Do sunscreens prevent skin cancer?
7.14. The population impact of sunscreen use on skin cancer incidence
7.15. Sunscreens and solar infrared radiation
7.16. Sunscreens and vitamin D
7.17. A strategy for sunscreen use
8. Counteract the damage resulting from solar UV radiation exposure
8.1. Photoadaptation
8.2. Melanogenesis
8.3. Epidermal hyperplasia
8.4. Damage repair
8.5. Chemoprevention
9. Treating the damage caused by solar UV radiation exposure
9.1. Treating sunburn
9.2. Treatment of non-melanoma skin cancer
9.3. Treatment of malignant melanoma
9.4. Treatment of photoaged skin.
"Version: 20171001"--Title page verso.
Includes bibliographical references.
Title from PDF title page (viewed on November 18, 2017).
Institute of Physics (Great Britain), publisher.
Other format:
Print version:
Publisher Number:
10.1088/978-0-7503-1377-3 doi
Access Restriction:
Restricted for use by site license.