Understanding the magic of the bicycle [electronic resource] : basic scientific explanations to the two-wheeler's mysterious and fascinating behavior / Joseph W. Connolly.

Connolly, Joseph W., author.
Other Title:
Basic scientific explanations to the two-wheeler's mysterious and fascinating behavior
San Rafael [California] : Morgan & Claypool Publishers, [2016]
Bristol [England] : IOP Publishing, [2016]
IOP (Series). Release 3.
IOP concise physics.
IOP concise physics, 2053-2571
[IOP release 3]
1 online resource (various pagings) : illustrations.
Bicycles -- Dynamics.
System Details:
System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader, EPUB reader. or Kindle reader.
Mode of access: World Wide Web.
The author, Joseph W. Connolly, is a Professor of Physics/EE at the University of Scranton. He has a BS degree from the University of Scranton, a MS degree from the University of Illinois and a PhD from the Pennsylvania State University. In a teaching career spanning five decades, he has taught close to four dozen different courses, many tailored for the non-science major. He served in the United States Army, Signal Corps, with an honorable discharge as a Captain. Other professional activities include several years in industry and two decades of industrial consulting in computer aided design and digital image processing.
The bicycle is a common, yet unique mechanical contraption in our world. In spite of this, the bike's physical and mechanical principles are understood by a select few. You do not have to be a genius to join this small group of people who understand the physics of cycling. This is your guide to fundamental principles (such as Newton's laws) and the book provides intuitive, basic explanations for the bicycle's behaviour. Each concept is introduced and illustrated with simple, everyday examples. Although cycling is viewed by most as a fun activity, and almost everyone acquires the basic skills at a young age, few understand the laws of nature that give magic to the ride. This is a closer look at some of these fun, exhilarating, and magical aspects of cycling. In the reading, you will also understand other physical principles such as motion, force, energy, power, heat, and temperature.
12. Centripetal acceleration
turning and bicycle stability
12.1. Review of Newton's laws
centripetal force and acceleration
12.2. Making a turn
12.3. Banked surface
12.4. Equilibrium and stability
12.5. Equilibrium and stability with multiple points of support
12.6. Stability of runners
12.7. Stability of sprinter
12.8. Equilibrium and stability with single point of support
12.9. Stability of broom when not in equilibrium
12.10. Stability of bicycle when not in equilibrium
12.11. Self stability of a bicycle
12.12. Summation of bicycle stability
A. Bibliography
B. Common unit conversions
C. Trigonometric values.
11. Torque
applications to the bicycle
11.1. Basic physics of torque
11.2. Rotational equilibrium
11.3. Mechanical advantage
11.4. Energy aspects of a high mechanical advantage
11.5. Multiple lever system
11.6. Early direct drive bicycles
11.7. High-wheelers
11.8. The safety bicycle
11.9. Force transmission in a geared bicycle
11.10. Multispeed gearing
force analysis
11.11. Gearing and pedaling cadence
11.12. Gearing and pedaling force
11.13. Braking
11.14. Wheelies
11.15. Headers
10. Rotational motion
10.1. Kinematics of circular motion
10.2. Dynamics of circular motion
10.3. Rotational kinetic energy
10.4. Moment of inertia of non-point masses
10.5. Moment of inertia and rotational kinetic energy of bicycle wheel
10.6. Angular momentum
10.7. Role of angular momentum in a bicycle
9. Temperature and heat
9.1. Temperature and its measurement
9.2. Heat
9.3. Units of heat
9.4. Heat generation on a bicycle
9.5. Mechanisms for heat transfer
9.6. Conduction
9.7. Convection
9.8. Radiation
9.9. Evaporation
9.10. Cooling effects of evaporation
9.11. Role of cycling clothing
9.12. Wind effects on cooling capacity of evaporation
9.13. Humidity and dew point
9.14. Specific heat
8. Work-energy-power
8.1. Work
8.2. Kinetic energy
8.3. Frictional effects
8.4. Gravitational potential energy
8.5. Conservation of energy
8.6. Energy conversion between kinetic and potential on the bicycle
8.7. Power
the basic physics
8.8. Power and kinetic energy
8.9. Power output to overcome resistive forces on a bike
8.10. Efficiency considerations in muscular effort
8.11. Average speed versus average power
7. Momentum-impulse
7.1. The basic physics of momentum
7.2. Momentum and Newton's Second Law
7.3. Impulse
7.4. Momentum and impulse aspects of bicycle accidents
6. Gravity
6.1. The basic physics of gravity
6.2. Weight of objects
6.3. ‘Weight' of object as measured by a scale
6.4. Force of gravity on a slope
the basic physics
6.5. Riding uphill at a constant speed
6.6. Terminal speed
6.7. Terminal speed coasting downhill on a bike
6.8. Personalized determination of resistive force parameters
5. Forces
Newton's laws of motion
5.1. Newton's First Law of Motion
5.2. Newton's Second Law of Motion
5.3. Units of force, motion, mass
5.4. Newton's Third Law of Motion
5.5. Role of arm muscles
5.6. Frictional forces
a simple model
5.7. Static and sliding friction
5.8. Friction as the propulsion force in walking
5.9. The acceleration and deceleration of the bicycle
5.10. Maximum acceleration of a bicycle
5.11. Velocity and acceleration of a bicycle
5.12. Resistive forces on a moving bicycle
5.13. Air resistance
5.14. Rolling resistance
5.15. Bearing resistance
5.16. Coasting
simplified analysis
5.17. Force analysis walking versus riding
5.18. Average versus instantaneous pedal force
4. Linear motion
4.1. Kinematics
the study of motion
4.2. Headwinds and tailwinds
4.3. Riding uphill and downhill
3. A review of basic ideas
3.1. Algebra
3.2. Trigonometry
3.3. Vectors
3.4. Head to tail method of vector arithmetic
3.5. Resolution into components
3.6. Units of measurement
3.7. Unit conversions
3.8. Density
3.9. Concepts of mass
3.10. Center of mass
3.11. Our standard rider
1. Introduction
the magic of the wheel
2. The evolution of the bicycle
2.1. Beginnings
2.2. Baron Karl Von Drais's running machine
2.3. The boneshaker
2.4. Early refinements
2.5. High-wheelers
2.6. Further refinements
2.7. The safety bicycle
2.8. Pneumatic tires
2.9. Bearings
2.10. Rider position
2.11. Materials
"A Morgan & Claypool publication as part of IOP Concise Physics"--Title page verso.
"Version: 20161201"--Title page verso.
Includes bibliographical references (page A-1).
Title from PDF title page (viewed on January 13, 2017).
Institute of Physics (Great Britain), publisher.
Morgan & Claypool Publishers, publisher.
Other format:
Print version:
Publisher Number:
10.1088/978-1-6817-4441-4 doi
Access Restriction:
Restricted for use by site license.
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