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Paleontology [electronic resource] : a philosophical introduction / Derek D. Turner.

Author/Creator:
Turner, Derek D. (Derek Donald), 1974-
Publication:
Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2011.
Format/Description:
Book
1 online resource (242 p.)
Series:
Cambridge introductions to philosophy and biology.
Cambridge introductions to philosophy and biology
Status/Location:
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Subjects:
Evolutionary paleobiology.
Paleontology -- Philosophy.
Form/Genre:
Electronic books.
Language:
English
Summary:
Explores the far-reaching philosophical questions of paleontology, discussing diverse issues such as punctuated equilibrium and species selection.
Contents:
Cover; Paleontology; Title; Copyright; Dedication; Contents; Figures; Acknowledgments; 1: Introduction: Paleontology and evolutionary theory; A world without fossils; Organismic vs. evolutionary paleontology; The paleobiological revolution; Philosophical questions in evolutionary paleobiology; 2: A new way of seeing the fossil record; Speciation; Transitional forms; Gould's Gestalt shift; How radical is PE?; The influence of Kuhn; 3: Punctuated equilibrium: Provocations and problems; PE and macro/micro reductionism; Jumpy speciation; PE and evolutionary trends
A tautology problem in paleontologyOther criticisms of PE; What do the fossils say?; 4: Species and macroevolution; A reductionist view of species sorting; The MBL model; Species selection; The individuality of species; Do species have vague boundaries?; 5: The case for species selection; An argument from PE to species selection; Does species selection explain the prevalence of sexual reproduction?; Elisabeth Vrba on ""effect macroevolution""; The emergent character approach; Species selection and geographic range; The emergent fitness approach
Science and philosophy in the species selection debate6: Real trends, relative progress; Is Cope's rule real?; Trends and patterns as abstract objects; Trends and evolutionary progress; Where paleontology meets meta-ethics; 7: Dynamics of evolutionary trends; Varieties of evolutionary trends; Natural selection vs. constraints; Can constraints drive trends?; Is Cope's rule a driven trend?; Underdetermination; Shifting biases, shifting boundaries, and shifting optima; 8: Evolutionary contingency; Visions of inevitable outcomes; Replaying the tape of evolution; Theological undertones
Gould's two thought experimentsJohn Beatty on historical contingency; Contingency and the MBL model; An experiment in evolution; 9: Diversity, disparity, and the Burgess Shale; Gould on the Burgess Shale; Diversity and disparity; From the Burgess Shale to evolutionary contingency; Cladistics and the second reclassification of the Burgess Shale organisms; 10: Molecular fossils; Molecular clocks vs. the fossil record; The evolution of "fossils"; Empirical-conceptual knots: the proper focus for philosophy of science; Bibliography; Index
Notes:
Description based upon print version of record.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN:
1-107-21287-1
1-139-01255-X
1-283-06795-1
9786613067951
0-511-92110-1
1-139-01172-3
1-139-01198-7
1-139-01119-7
1-139-01092-1
1-139-01145-6
OCLC:
714568465