Phylogenetic Diversity : Applications and Challenges in Biodiversity Science / edited by Rosa A. Scherson, Daniel P Faith.
- Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer, 2018.
1 online resource (XII, 217 pages) : 53 illustrations, 31 illustrations in color.
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- "Biodiversity" refers to the variety of life. It is now agreed that there is a "biodiversity crisis", corresponding to extinction rates of species that may be 1000 times what is thought to be "normal". Biodiversity science has a higher profile than ever, with the new Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services involving more than 120 countries and 1000s of scientists. At the same time, the discipline is re-evaluating its foundations - including its philosophy and even core definitions. The value of biodiversity is being debated. In this context, the tree of life ("phylogeny") is emerging as an important way to look at biodiversity, with relevance cutting across current areas of concern - from the question of resilience within ecosystems, to conservation priorities for globally threatened species - while capturing the values of biodiversity that have been hard to quantify, including resilience and maintaining options for future generations. This increased appreciation of the importance of conserving "phylogenetic diversity", from microbial communities in the human gut to global threatened species, has inevitably resulted in an explosion of new indices, methods, and case studies. This book recognizes and responds to the timely opportunity for synthesis and sharing experiences in practical applications. The book recognizes that the challenge of finding a synthesis, and building shared concepts and a shared toolbox, requires both an appreciation of the past and a look into the future. Thus, the book is organized as a flow from history, concepts and philosophy, through to methods and tools, and followed by selected case studies. A positive vision and plan of action emerges from these chapters, that includes coping with inevitable uncertainties, effectively communicating the importance of this "evolutionary heritage" to the public and to policy-makers, and ultimately contributing to biodiversity conservation policy from local to global scales. .
Introduction Rosa A. Scherson and D.P. Faith
Chapter 1. Phylogenetic diversity and conservation evaluation: perspectives on multiple values, indices, and scales of application D.P. Faith
Chapter 2. The use of EDGE (Evolutionary Distinct Globally Endangered) and EDGE-like metrics to evaluate taxa for conservation Nick J.B. Isaac and William D. Pearse
Chapter 3. Biodiversity, the tree of life, and science communication James Rosindell and Yan Wong
Chapter 4. Indicators for the expected loss of phylogenetic diversity D.P Faith et al
Chapter 5. Phylogenetic Resolution and Metrics of Biodiversity and signal in Conservation Nathan G. Swenson and Samantha J. Worthy
Chapter 6. Phylogeny-based measurements at global and regional scales Shawn W. Laffan
Chapter 7. Phylogeny-based measures of biodiversity when data is scarce: Examples with the vascular flora of Chile and California Rosa A. Scherson et al
Chapter 8. Priority Areas for phylogenetic diversity: maximizing gains in the Mediterranean basin Simon Veron et al
Chapter 9. Evolutionary diversity patterns in the Cape flora of South Africa Félix Forest et al
Chapter 10. Effects of phylogenetic diversity and phylogenetic identity in a restoration ecology experiment Andrew L. Hipp and others.
- Scherson, Rosa A. editor., Editor,
Faith, Daniel P. editor., Editor,
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- 10.1007/978-3-319-93145-6 doi
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- Restricted for use by site license.
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