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How Expensive is the Welfare State? [electronic resource] : Gross and Net Indicators in the OECD Social Expenditure Database (SOCX) / Willem Adema and Maxime Ladaique.

Author/Creator:
Adema, Willem, author
Publication:
Paris : OECD Publishing, 2009.
Format/Description:
Government document
Book
1 online resource (97 pages)
Series:
OECD Social Employment and Migration Working Papers 1815199X ; no.92.
OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers 1815199X ; no.92
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Subjects:
Social Issues/Migration/Health.
Summary:
This paper first presents information on trends and composition of social expenditure across the OECD. Gross public social expenditure on average across OECD increased from 16% of GDP in 1980 to 21% in 2005, of which public pensions (7% of GDP) and public health expenditure (6% of GDP) are the largest items. This paper then accounts for the effects of the tax system and private social expenditure which leads to a greater similarity in social expenditure-to-GDP ratios across countries and to a reassessment of the magnitude of welfare states. After accounting for the impact of taxation and private benefits, social expenditure (1) amounts to over 30% of GDP at factor cost in Belgium, Germany, and France and (2) ranges within a few percentage points of each other in Austria, Canada, Denmark, Finland, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal and the United States.
Notes:
Title from title screen (viewed May 1, 2017).
Contributor:
Ladaique, Maxime.
SourceOECD (Online Service)
Access Restriction:
Restricted for use by site license.