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Export controls and competitiveness in African mining and minerals processing industries [electronic resource] / Barbara Fliess, Ernst Idsardi and Riaan Rossouw.

Author/Creator:
Fliess, Barbara, author
Publication:
Paris : OECD Publishing, 2017.
Format/Description:
Government document
Book
1 online resource (57 pages).
Series:
OECD trade policy papers 18166873 ; no.204.
OECD Trade Policy Papers 18166873 ; no.204
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Subjects:
Trade.
Summary:
Governments may decide to control the export of unprocessed raw materials hoping that this will promote local downstream industries. There is scant empirical examination of the actual outcomes of such policies put in place. This paper describes use of export control measures by four minerals-rich African countries and looks for effects on activities downstream from the extractive sector that may be attributed to these measures. The measures studied are export taxes, non-automatic export licensing requirements and outright export bans. The industries are manganese in Gabon, lead in South Africa, copper in Zambia and chromite in Zimbabwe. For the empirical analysis the Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) index is calculated tracking over 20 years the relative global performance of the local mining and processing industries, for the specific minerals studied. The effect of the restrictive measures is investigated by way of identifying structural breaks in the level of the RCA index, for both the raw mineral and related processed products. The results suggest that use of export restrictions as a tool for stimulating local mineral processing does not pay off. There was no improvement in the revealed comparative advantage of processed products presumed to benefit from export controls on the raw material. Moreover, the measures may have undermined the overall performance of the industries in some of the cases studied because the relative export performance of the mined minerals deteriorated.  
Notes:
Title from title screen (viewed May 1, 2017).
Contributor:
Idsardi, Ernst.
Rossouw, Riaan.
SourceOECD (Online Service)
Access Restriction:
Restricted for use by site license.