American sutra : a story of faith and freedom in the Second World War / Dūncan Ryuken Williams.
- Cambridge, Massachusetts : The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2019. , ©2019
viii, 384 pages 25 cm
- Evacuation and relocation of Japanese Americans (United States : 1942-1945)
World War (1939-1945)
Japanese Americans -- Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945.
Buddhists -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
Buddhism and state -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
Buddhism and politics -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Japanese Americans.
United States -- Race relations -- History -- 20th century.
Buddhism and politics.
Buddhism and state.
- The mass incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II is not only a tale of injustice; it is a moving story of faith. In this pathbreaking account, Duncan Ryūken Williams reveals how, even as they were stripped of their homes and imprisoned in camps, Japanese-American Buddhists launched one of the most inspiring defenses of religious freedom in our nation's history, insisting that they could be both Buddhist and American.-- Provided by publisher.
- Prologue: Thus have I heard: an American sutra
1. America: a nation of religious freedom?
December 7, 1941
American Buddhism: migrations to freedom
Buddhism as a national security threat
2. Martial law in the land of aloha
Buddhist life under martial law
Camps in the land of aloha
3. Japanese America under siege
Tightening the noose
Executive Order 9066
The forced "relocation"
4. Camp Dharma
The Dharma in the high-security camps
Lotus blossoms above muddy water
5. Sangha behind barbed wire
Horse stable Buddhism
"Barrack churches" in camp
6. Reinventing American Buddhism
Sect and trans-sect
Rooting the Sangha
7. Onward Buddhist soldiers
Richard Sakakida, American spy
The military intelligence service (mis)
Draftees and volunteers
The 100th Battalion
The 442nd Regimental Combat Team
8. Loyalty and the draft
The loyalty questionnaire
Tule Lake Segregation Center
Leave clearance and the draft
9. Combat in Europe
10. The resettlement
Return to a hostile West Coast
Temples as homes
Resettling in Hawai'i and Japan
Buddhism in America's heartland
Epilogue: The stones speak: an American sutra.
- Includes bibliographical references and index.
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