Prieres de la messe.

[France], [between 1677 and 1736]
60 leaves : paper ; 167 x 100 (124 x 70) mm bound to 170 x 110 mm.

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Other Title:
Ordre de la messe
Catholic Church -- Prayers and devotions.
Illumination of books and manuscripts -- Specimens.
Catholic Church.
Illumination of books and manuscripts.
Manuscripts, European.
Manuscripts, French -- 17th century.
Manuscripts, French -- 18th century.
codices (bound manuscripts)
prayer books.
illuminated manuscripts.
Prayers and devotions.
French, with a few words in Latin referring to parts of the Mass.
Book of prayers for an aristocratic lay reader's private use during the Mass, decorated with watercolor and gold, with iconography drawn primarily from the Passion cycle used for the Hours of the Cross.
1. f.3r-4r: [Introductory prayer]
2. f.4v-8v: Au Confiteor
3. f.8v-10v: Au Kyrie
4. f.11r-12r: Au Gloria
5. f.12v-14r: A l'Evangile
6. f.14v-17v: Au Credo
7. f.18r-22v: A l'Offertoire
8. f.23r-26r: Au Lavabo
9. f.26v-28r: Au Sanctus
10: f.28v-43v: Au Canon
11. f.44r-52v: Au Pater
12. f.53r-56r: A la Communion
13. f.56v-60r: Au dernier Evangile.
Ms. codex.
Title from title page and caption title (f. 1r, 3r); spine title L'ord[re] de la messe.
Foliation: Paper, iii + 60 + iii; modern foliation in pencil, lower right recto, [i-iii, 1-60, i-iii].
Layout: Written in 12 long lines; box-ruled in lead; octavo format.
Script: Written in italic script by royal calligrapher Jean Pierre Rousselet.
Decoration: 2 full-page watercolors (Adoration of the Magi, f. 2v; Adoration of the Shepherds, f. 28v); 11 small watercolors in cartouches above section titles (Lamb on the Book of the Apocalypse with seven seals surrounded by cherubs, f. 3r; Arrest, f. 11r; Christ and Saint Veronica, f. 12v; Christ before Annas or Caiaphas, f. 14v; Flagellation, f. 18r; Pilate washing his hands, f. 23r; Christ carrying the Cross, f. 26v; Christ nailed to the Cross, f. 29r; Agony in the Garden, f. 44r; men spreading flowers on a cloth, f. 53r; Resurrection, f. 56v); 8 cartouches in watercolor with gold at section endings, the last with the Holy Spirit as a dove and an incense brazier (f. 10v, 14r, 17v, 22v, 28r, 52v, 56r, 60r); border in color and gold on title page (f. 1r); gold border on text pages; 10 4-line initials in color on gold ground; 2-line initials in color on gold ground throughout; rubrication in red.
Binding: 18th-century ox-blood morocco, gilt-stamped with coats of arms on covers (ducal coronet above a double coat of arms enclosed by a cordon, in front of crossed maces) and flowers in corners; gilt spine with title L'ord de la messe; leather pastedowns inside covers with gilt-stamped floral borders; fabric-backed marbled endpapers; two ribbon bookmarks; gilt edges.
Origin: Written in France for an aristocratic owner between 1677 and 1736 (dates of Rousselet's activity).
Penn Provenance:
Formerly owned by Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex, son of George III (armorial bookplate inside upper cover), his number VI. H.h.13 (bookplate, f. i recto).
Offered at auction at Messrs. Evans (London) in the collection of the late Duke of Sussex, 31 July-3 August 1844, lot 273.
Sold by Second Story Books (Washington, DC, and Rockville, Maryland), 2019.
Cited as:
UPenn Ms. Codex 2032.
Rousselet, Jean Pierre, active 1723, scribe.
Augustus Frederick, Prince, Duke of Sussex, 1773-1843, former owner.