Deep learning with Python / François Chollet.

Chollet, François, author.
Shelter Island, New York : Manning Publications Co., [2018]
1 online resource (1 volume) : illustrations
1st edition

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Python (Computer program language).
Machine learning.
Neural networks (Computer science).
Electronic books.
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Deep Learning with Python introduces the field of deep learning using the Python language and the powerful Keras library. Written by Keras creator and Google AI researcher François Chollet, this book builds your understanding through intuitive explanations and practical examples. You'll explore challenging concepts and practice with applications in computer vision, natural-language processing, and generative models. By the time you finish, you'll have the knowledge and hands-on skills to apply deep learning in your own projects.
Deep Learning with Python
François Chollet
Brief Table of Contents
Table of Contents
About this Book
Who should read this book
Software/hardware requirements
Source code
Book forum
About the Author
About the Cover
Part 1. Fundamentals of deep learning
Chapter 1. What is deep learning?
1.1. Artificial intelligence, machine learning, and deep learning
1.1.1. Artificial intelligence
1.1.2. Machine learning
1.1.3. Learning representations from data
1.1.4. The "deep" in deep learning
1.1.5. Understanding how deep learning works, in three figures
1.1.6. What deep learning has achieved so far
1.1.7. Don't believe the short-term hype
1.1.8. The promise of AI
1.2. Before deep learning: a brief history of machine learning
1.2.1. Probabilistic modeling
1.2.2. Early neural networks
1.2.3. Kernel methods
1.2.4. Decision trees, random forests, and gradient boosting machines
1.2.5. Back to neural networks
1.2.6. What makes deep learning different
1.2.7. The modern machine-learning landscape
1.3. Why deep learning? Why now?
1.3.1. Hardware
1.3.2. Data
1.3.3. Algorithms
1.3.4. A new wave of investment
1.3.5. The democratization of deep learning
1.3.6. Will it last?
Chapter 2. Before we begin: the mathematical building blocks of neural networks
2.1. A first look at a neural network
2.2. Data representations for neural networks
2.2.1. Scalars (0D tensors)
2.2.2. Vectors (1D tensors)
2.2.3. Matrices (2D tensors)
2.2.4. 3D tensors and higher-dimensional tensors
2.2.5. Key attributes
2.2.6. Manipulating tensors in Numpy
2.2.7. The notion of data batches
2.2.8. Real-world examples of data tensors
2.2.9. Vector data
2.2.10. Timeseries data or sequence data.
2.2.11. Image data
2.2.12. Video data
2.3. The gears of neural networks: tensor operations
2.3.1. Element-wise operations
2.3.2. Broadcasting
2.3.3. Tensor dot
2.3.4. Tensor reshaping
2.3.5. Geometric interpretation of tensor operations
2.3.6. A geometric interpretation of deep learning
2.4. The engine of neural networks: gradient-based optimization
2.4.1. What's a derivative?
2.4.2. Derivative of a tensor operation: the gradient
2.4.3. Stochastic gradient descent
2.4.4. Chaining derivatives: the Backpropagation algorithm
2.5. Looking back at our first example
Chapter 3. Getting started with neural networks
3.1. Anatomy of a neural network
3.1.1. Layers: the building blocks of deep learning
3.1.2. Models: networks of layers
3.1.3. Loss functions and optimizers: keys to configuring the learning process
3.2. Introduction to Keras
3.2.1. Keras, TensorFlow, Theano, and CNTK
3.2.2. Developing with Keras: a quick overview
3.3. Setting up a deep-learning workstation
3.3.1. Jupyter notebooks: the preferred way to run deep-learning experiments
3.3.2. Getting Keras running: two options
3.3.3. Running deep-learning jobs in the cloud: pros and cons
3.3.4. What is the best GPU for deep learning?
3.4. Classifying movie reviews: a binary classification example
3.4.1. The IMDB dataset
3.4.2. Preparing the data
3.4.3. Building your network
3.4.4. Validating your approach
3.4.5. Using a trained network to generate predictions on new data
3.4.6. Further experiments
3.4.7. Wrapping up
3.5. Classifying newswires: a multiclass classification example
3.5.1. The Reuters dataset
3.5.2. Preparing the data
3.5.3. Building your network
3.5.4. Validating your approach
3.5.5. Generating predictions on new data.
3.5.6. A different way to handle the labels and the loss
3.5.7. The importance of having sufficiently large intermediate layers
3.5.8. Further experiments
3.5.9. Wrapping up
3.6. Predicting house prices: a regression example
3.6.1. The Boston Housing Price dataset
3.6.2. Preparing the data
3.6.3. Building your network
3.6.4. Validating your approach using K-fold validation
3.6.5. Wrapping up
Chapter 4. Fundamentals of machine learning
4.1. Four branches of machine learning
4.1.1. Supervised learning
4.1.2. Unsupervised learning
4.1.3. Self-supervised learning
4.1.4. Reinforcement learning
4.2. Evaluating machine-learning models
4.2.1. Training, validation, and test sets
4.2.2. Things to keep in mind
4.3. Data preprocessing, feature engineering, and feature learning
4.3.1. Data preprocessing for neural networks
4.3.2. Feature engineering
4.4. Overfitting and underfitting
4.4.1. Reducing the network's size
4.4.2. Adding weight regularization
4.4.3. Adding dropout
4.5. The universal workflow of machine learning
4.5.1. Defining the problem and assembling a dataset
4.5.2. Choosing a measure of success
4.5.3. Deciding on an evaluation protocol
4.5.4. Preparing your data
4.5.5. Developing a model that does better than a baseline
4.5.6. Scaling up: developing a model that overfits
4.5.7. Regularizing your model and tuning your hyperparameters
Part 2. Deep learning in practice
Chapter 5. Deep learning for computer vision
5.1. Introduction to convnets
5.1.1. The convolution operation
5.1.2. The max-pooling operation
5.2. Training a convnet from scratch on a small dataset
5.2.1. The relevance of deep learning for small-data problems
5.2.2. Downloading the data
5.2.3. Building your network
5.2.4. Data preprocessing.
5.2.5. Using data augmentation
5.3. Using a pretrained convnet
5.3.1. Feature extraction
5.3.2. Fine-tuning
5.3.3. Wrapping up
5.4. Visualizing what convnets learn
5.4.1. Visualizing intermediate activations
5.4.2. Visualizing convnet filters
5.4.3. Visualizing heatmaps of class activation
Chapter 6. Deep learning for text and sequences
6.1. Working with text data
6.1.1. One-hot encoding of words and characters
6.1.2. Using word embeddings
6.1.3. Putting it all together: from raw text to word embeddings
6.1.4. Wrapping up
6.2. Understanding recurrent neural networks
6.2.1. A recurrent layer in Keras
6.2.2. Understanding the LSTM and GRU layers
6.2.3. A concrete LSTM example in Keras
6.2.4. Wrapping up
6.3. Advanced use of recurrent neural networks
6.3.1. A temperature-forecasting problem
6.3.2. Preparing the data
6.3.3. A common-sense, non-machine-learning baseline
6.3.4. A basic machine-learning approach
6.3.5. A first recurrent baseline
6.3.6. Using recurrent dropout to fight overfitting
6.3.7. Stacking recurrent layers
6.3.8. Using bidirectional RNNs
6.3.9. Going even further
6.3.10. Wrapping up
6.4. Sequence processing with convnets
6.4.1. Understanding 1D convolution for sequence data
6.4.2. 1D pooling for sequence data
6.4.3. Implementing a 1D convnet
6.4.4. Combining CNNs and RNNs to process long sequences
6.4.5. Wrapping up
Chapter 7. Advanced deep-learning best practices
7.1. Going beyond the Sequential model: the Keras functional API
7.1.1. Introduction to the functional API
7.1.2. Multi-input models
7.1.3. Multi-output models
7.1.4. Directed acyclic graphs of layers
7.1.5. Layer weight sharing
7.1.6. Models as layers
7.1.7. Wrapping up.
7.2. Inspecting and monitoring deep-learning models using Keras callba- acks and TensorBoard
7.2.1. Using callbacks to act on a model during training
7.2.2. Introduction to TensorBoard: the TensorFlow visualization framework
7.2.3. Wrapping up
7.3. Getting the most out of your models
7.3.1. Advanced architecture patterns
7.3.2. Hyperparameter optimization
7.3.3. Model ensembling
7.3.4. Wrapping up
Chapter 8. Generative deep learning
8.1. Text generation with LSTM
8.1.1. A brief history of generative recurrent networks
8.1.2. How do you generate sequence data?
8.1.3. The importance of the sampling strategy
8.1.4. Implementing character-level LSTM text generation
8.1.5. Wrapping up
8.2. DeepDream
8.2.1. Implementing DeepDream in Keras
8.2.2. Wrapping up
8.3. Neural style transfer
8.3.1. The content loss
8.3.2. The style loss
8.3.3. Neural style transfer in Keras
8.3.4. Wrapping up
8.4. Generating images with variational autoencoders
8.4.1. Sampling from latent spaces of images
8.4.2. Concept vectors for image editing
8.4.3. Variational autoencoders
8.4.4. Wrapping up
8.5. Introduction to generative adversarial networks
8.5.1. A schematic GAN implementation
8.5.2. A bag of tricks
8.5.3. The generator
8.5.4. The discriminator
8.5.5. The adversarial network
8.5.6. How to train your DCGAN
8.5.7. Wrapping up
Chapter 9. Conclusions
9.1. Key concepts in review
9.1.1. Various approaches to AI
9.1.2. What makes deep learning special within the field of machine learning
9.1.3. How to think about deep learning
9.1.4. Key enabling technologies
9.1.5. The universal machine-learning workflow
9.1.6. Key network architectures
9.1.7. The space of possibilities
9.2. The limitations of deep learning.
9.2.1. The risk of anthropomorphizing machine-learning models.
Includes index.
Description based on print version record.
Includes bibliographical references and index.