Franklin

The black stork : eugenics and the death of "defective" babies in American medicine and motion pictures since 1915 / Martin S. Pernick.

Author/Creator:
Pernick, Martin S. author.
Publication:
New York : Oxford University Press, 1999, 1996.
Format/Description:
Book
xv, 295 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 24 cm
Subjects:
Black stork (Motion picture)
Black stork (Motion picture)
Newborn infants -- Diseases -- Treatment -- Moral and ethical aspects.
Eugenics in motion pictures.
Abnormalities, Human -- Treatment -- Moral and ethical aspects.
Euthanasia -- Moral and ethical aspects.
Eugenics -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
Infanticide -- Moral and ethical aspects.
Abnormalities, Human -- Treatment -- Moral and ethical aspects.
Eugenics.
Euthanasia -- Moral and ethical aspects.
Infanticide -- Moral and ethical aspects.
Eugenics in motion pictures.
Newborn infants -- Diseases -- Treatment -- Moral and ethical aspects.
United States.
Medical subjects:
Abnormalities -- therapy.
Infanticide -- history.
Abnormalities -- mortality.
Euthanasia -- history.
Eugenics -- history.
Ethics, Medical -- history.
Motion Pictures as Topic -- history.
History, 20th Century.
United States.
Form/Genre:
History.
Place of Publication:
United States New York (State) New York (City)
Summary:
In the late 1910s Dr. Harry J. Haiselden, a prominent Chicago surgeon, electrified the nation by allowing the deaths of at least six infants he diagnosed as "defectives." Seeking to publicize his efforts to eliminate the "unfit," he displayed the dying infants to journalists, wrote about them for the Hearst newspapers, and starred in a feature film about his crusade. Prominent Americans from Clarence Darrow to Helen Keller rallied to his support.
The Black Stork tells this startling story, based on newly-rediscovered sources and long-lost motion pictures, in order to illuminate many broader controversies. The book shows how efforts to improve human heredity (eugenics) became linked with mercy-killing (euthanasia) and with race, class, gender, and ethnic hatreds. It documents how mass culture changed the meaning of medical concepts like "heredity" and "disease," and how medical controversies helped shape the commercial mass media. It demonstrates how cultural values influence science, and how scientific claims of objectivity have shaped modern culture. While focused on the formative years of early 20th century America, The Black Stork traces these issues from antiquity to the rise of Nazism, and to the "Baby Doe," assisted suicide, and human genome initiative debates of today
Contents:
Preface
I. Withholding treatment
1. The birth of a controversy
2. Contexts to the conflict
3. Indentifying the unfit: biology and culture in the construction of hereditary disease
4. Eliminiating the unfit: euthanasia and eugenics
5. Who decides? the ironies of professional power
II. Publicity
6. Mass-media medicine and aesthetic censorship
Eugenics on film
8. The Black Stork
9. Medicine, media, and memory
Appendix: Individuals involved in the controversy.
Notes:
First issued as an Oxford University Press paperback, 1999.
"Copyright ©1996 by Oxford University Press, Inc"--verso of title page.
Includes bibliographical references (pages 251-280) and indexes.
Local notes:
Penn Libraries Rare copy gifted by Dr. Mark B. Adams in 2018.
Penn Provenance:
Adams, Mark B., (former owner) (Adams copy)
Penn Chronology:
1999
Contributor:
Oxford University Press, publisher.
Mark B. Adams Emergence of Modern Science Collection (University of Pennsylvania)
ISBN:
0195135393
9780195135398
OCLC:
45866301
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