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Plant Biology and Biotechnology [electronic resource] : Volume II: Plant Genomics and Biotechnology / edited by Bir Bahadur, Manchikatla Venkat Rajam, Leela Sahijram, K. V. Krishnamurthy.

Edition:
1st ed. 2015.
Publication:
New Delhi : Springer India : Imprint: Springer, 2015.
Series:
Biomedical and Life Sciences (Springer-11642)
Format/Description:
Book
1 online resource (XXVI, 768 pages) : 110 illustrations, 90 illustrations in color.
Subjects:
Plant genetics.
Plant breeding.
Developmental biology.
Plant physiology.
Transgenic organisms.
Local subjects:
Plant Genetics and Genomics.
Plant Breeding/Biotechnology.
Developmental Biology.
Plant Physiology.
Transgenics.
System Details:
text file PDF
Summary:
Plant genomics and biotechnology have recently made enormous strides, and hold the potential to benefit agriculture, the environment and various other dimensions of the human endeavor. It is no exaggeration to claim that the twenty-first century belongs to biotechnology. Knowledge generation in this field is growing at a frenetic pace, and keeping abreast of the latest advances and calls on us to double our efforts. Volume II of this two-part series addresses cutting-edge aspects of plant genomics and biotechnology. It includes 37 chapters contributed by over 70 researchers, each of which is an expert in his/her own field of research. Biotechnology has helped to solve many conundrums of plant life that had long remained a mystery to mankind. This volume opens with an exhaustive chapter on the role played by thale cress, Arabidopsis thaliana, which is believed to be the Drosophila of the plant kingdom and an invaluable model plant for understanding basic concepts in plant biology. This is followed by chapters on bioremediation, biofuels and biofertilizers through microalgal manipulation, making it a commercializable prospect; discerning finer details of biotic stress with plant-fungal interactions; and the dynamics of abiotic and biotic stresses, which also figure elsewhere in the book. Breeding crop plants for desirable traits has long been an endeavor of biotechnologists. The significance of molecular markers, marker assisted selection and techniques are covered in a dedicated chapter, as are comprehensive reviews on plant molecular biology, DNA fingerprinting techniques, genomic structure and functional genomics. A chapter dedicated to organellar genomes provides extensive information on this important aspect. Elsewhere in the book, the newly emerging area of epigenetics is presented as seen through the lens of biotechnology, showcasing the pivotal role of DNA methylation in effecting permanent and transient changes to the genome. Exclusive chapters deal with bioinformatics and systems biology. Handy tools for practical applications such as somatic embryogenesis and micropropagation are included to provide frontline information to entrepreneurs, as is a chapter on somaclonal variation. Overcoming barriers to sexual incompatibility has also long been a focus of biotechnology, and is addressed in chapters on wide hybridization and hybrid embryo rescue. Another area of accomplishing triploids through endosperm culture is included as a non-conventional breeding strategy. Secondary metabolite production through tissue cultures, which is of importance to industrial scientists, is also covered. Worldwide exchange of plant genetic material is currently an essential topic, as is conserving natural resources in situ. Chapters on in vitro conservation of extant, threatened and other valuable germplasms, gene banking and related issues are included, along with an extensive account of the biotechnology of spices - the low-volume, high-value crops. Metabolic engineering is another emerging field that provides commercial opportunities. As is well known, there is widespread concern over genetically modified crops among the public. GM crops are covered, as are genetic engineering strategies for combating biotic and abiotic stresses where no other solutions are in sight. RNAi- and micro RNA- based strategies for crop improvement have proved to offer novel alternatives to the existing non-conventional techniques, and detailed information on these aspects is also included. The book's last five chapters are devoted to presenting the various aspects of environmental, marine, desert and rural biotechnology. The state-of-the-art coverage on a wide range of plant genomics and biotechnology topics will be of great interest to post-graduate students and researchers, including the employees of seed and biotechnology companies, and to instructors in the fields of plant genetics, breeding and biotechnology.
Contents:
1. Arabidopsis thaliana: A Model for Plant Research
2. Microalgae in Biotechnological Application: A Commercial Approach
3. Application of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics Tools in Plant-Fungal Interactions
4. Genetic Markers, Trait Mapping and Marker-Assisted Selection in Plant Breeding
5. Doubled Haploid Platform - An Accelerated Breeding Approach for Crop Improvement
6. Plant Molecular Biology Applications in Horticulture: An Overview
7. A History of Genomic Structures: The Big Picture
8. Organellar Genomes of Flowering Plants
9. DNA Fingerprinting Techniques for Plant Identification
10. Functional Genomics
11. Translating the Genome for Translational Research: Proteomics in Agriculture
12. Epigenetic Mechanisms in Plants: An Overview
13. Bioinformatics: Application to Genomics
14. Systems Biology: A New Frontier in Science
15. Somatic Embryogenesis
16. Micropropagation of Plants
17. Efficacy of Biotechnological Approaches to Raise Wide Sexual Hybrids
18. Hybrid Embryo Rescue in Crop Improvement
19. Applications of Triploids in Agriculture
20. Improving Secondary Metabolite Production in Plant Tissue Cultures
21. Somaclonal Variation in Micropropagated Crops
22. In vitro Conservation of Plant Germplasm
23. Gene Banking for ex situ Conservation of Plant Genetic Resources
24. Conservation and Management of Endemic and Threatened Plant Species in India- An Overview
25. Biotechnological Approaches in Improvement of Spices - A Review
26. Metabolic Engineering in Plants
27. Genetically Modified Crops
28. Engineering of Plants for the Production of Commercially Important Products: Approaches and Accomplishments
29. Genetic Engineering Strategies for Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants
30. Genetic Engineering Strategies for Biotic Stress Tolerance in Plants
31. RNAi for Crop Improvement
32. Plant Micro RNAs: Biogenesis, Functions and Applications
33. Environmental Biotechnology: A Quest for Sustainable Solutions
34. Phytoremediation: General Account and Its Application
35. Marine Biotechnology: Potentials of Marine Microbes and Algae with Reference to Pharmacological and Commercial Values
36. Desert Plant Biotechnology: Jojoba, Date Palm and Acacia Species
37. Rural Biotechnology in Transforming Agriculture and Rural Livelihood.
Contributor:
Bahadur, Bir, editor., Editor,
Venkat Rajam, Manchikatla. editor., Editor,
Sahijram, Leela, editor., Editor,
Krishnamurthy, K. V. editor., Editor,
SpringerLink (Online service)
Contained In:
Springer eBooks
Other format:
Printed edition:
Printed edition:
Printed edition:
ISBN:
978-81-322-2283-5
9788132222835
Publisher Number:
10.1007/978-81-322-2283-5 doi
Access Restriction:
Restricted for use by site license.
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