The caliphate of man : popular sovereignty in modern Islamic thought / Andrew F. March.

March, Andrew F., 1976- author.
Cambridge, Massachusetts : The Belknap Press, Harvard University Press, 2019.
xxii, 300 pages ; 25 cm
Islam and politics.
Islam and state.
Ummah (Islam)
Islamic fundamentalism.
Islamic countries -- Politics and government.
Politics and government.
Islamic countries.
The Arab Spring precipitated a crisis in political Islam. In Egypt Islamists have been crushed. In Turkey they have descended into authoritarianism. In Tunisia they govern but without the label of "political Islam." Andrew March explores how, before this crisis, Islamists developed a unique theory of popular sovereignty, one that promised to determine the future of democracy in the Middle East. This began with the claim of divine sovereignty, the demand to restore the sharīʻa in modern societies. But prominent theorists of political Islam also advanced another principle, the Quranic notion that God's authority on earth rests not with sultans or with scholars' interpretation of written law but with the entirety of the Muslim people, the umma. Drawing on this argument, utopian theorists such as Abū'l-Aʻlā Mawdūdī and Sayyid Quṭb released into the intellectual bloodstream the doctrine of the caliphate of man: while God is sovereign, He has appointed the multitude of believers as His vicegerent. The Caliphate of Man argues that the doctrine of the universal human caliphate underpins a specific democratic theory, a kind of Islamic republic of virtue in which the people have authority over the government and religious leaders. But is this an ideal regime destined to survive only as theory?-- Provided by publisher.
Preface: "The people wills..."
The idea of Islamic democracy
The question of sovereignty in classical Islamic political thought
The crisis of the caliphate and the end of classical Islamic political theory
The sovereignty of God and the caliphate of man
The law we would give ourselves
A sovereign umma and a living sharīʻa
After Islamic democracy, after sovereignty.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
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