Franklin

Taking utilitarianism seriously / Christopher Woodard.

Author/Creator:
Woodard, Christopher, 1971- author.
Publication:
Oxford, United Kingdom ; New York, NY : Oxford University Press, 2019.
Format/Description:
Book
xii, 244 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
Edition:
First edition.
Status/Location:
Loading...

Get It

Details

Subjects:
Utilitarianism.
Summary:
Utilitarianism is the idea that ethics is ultimately about what makes people's lives go better. While utilitarian ideas remain highly influential in politics and culture, they are subject to many well-developed philosophical criticisms, such as the claim that utilitarianism requires too much of us and the view that it does not respect individuals' rights. The theory is widely thought by philosophers to be the least plausible form of consequentialism, hampered by its excessive simplicity. In Taking Utilitarianism Seriously, Christopher Woodard argues that it is not defeated by the standard objections. He presents a new and rich version of utilitarianism that can answer all six commons objections plausibly and, in doing so, launches a state-of-the-art defence of the utilitarian tradition, which has greater resources than its critics have often assumed. Far from being excessively simple, utilitarianism is able to account for much of the complexity and nuance of everyday ethical thought. And rather than being quickly dismissed, utilitarian approaches to moral and political philosophy are due for renewed development and discussion.
Contents:
1.1 What Is Utilitarianism? p. 3
1.2 What Is to Come p. 7
2 Six Objections p. 13
2.1 Pig Philosophy p. 14
2.2 Abhorrent Actions p. 18
2.3 Demandingness p. 21
2.4 Separateness of Persons p. 25
2.5 Politics p. 29
2.6 Psychology p. 33
3.1 Reasons p. 37
3.2 Rightness p. 43
3.3 Two Ways to Avoid Fragmentation p. 47
3.4 Three Ways to Accommodate Fragmentation p. 52
3.5 Utilitarian Theories of Reasons p. 57
4 Well-Being p. 63
4.1 Philosophical Theories of Well-Being p. 64
4.2 What We Know about Well-Being p. 71
4.3 Alienation as Evidence p. 73
4.4 Changing Values p. 77
4.5 Discovering What Is Good for You p. 80
4.6 Promoting Well-Being p. 82
5 Two Kinds of Reasons p. 85
5.1 Act Consequentialism p. 86
5.2 Pluralism p. 89
5.3 The Minimal Constraint on Eligibility p. 97
5.4 Rule Consequentialism p. 100
5.5 Accepting the Willingness Requirement p. 105
5.6 Narrowing Eligibility p. 108
6 Moral Rights p. 113
6.1 The Concept of Moral Rights p. 114
6.2 Existing Utilitarian Theories of Moral Rights p. 118
6.3 A Broader Indirect Theory p. 123
6.4 The Benefits of Respect for Moral Rights p. 126
6.5 The Contingency of Moral Rights p. 132
7 Justice and Equality p. 137
7.1 Distributive Justice p. 138
7.2 Justice for Utilitarians p. 141
7.3 Kinds of Equality p. 146
7.4 Utilitarianism and Substantive Equality p. 151
7.5 Known Expensive Needs p. 157
8 Legitimacy and Democracy p. 163
8.1 Government House Utilitarianism p. 164
8.2 Democracy as Eliciting and Aggregating Preferences p. 168
8.3 Legitimacy and its Political Importance p. 170
8.4 Utilitarianism and Legitimacy p. 174
8.5 Should Utilitarians Be Democrats? p. 180
9 Virtuous Agents p. 186
9.1 Reasons and Rightness p. 188
9.2 Cluelessness p. 192
9.3 Good Decision Procedures p. 195
9.4 Praiseworthiness p. 201
9.5 Virtue p. 205.
ISBN:
9780198732624
0198732627
OCLC:
1101773515