Modality, subjectivity, and semantic change [electronic resource] : a cross-linguistic perspective / Heiko Narrog.
- Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2012.
1 online resource (348 p.)
- Japanese language -- Modality.
Chinese language -- Modality.
- Electronic books.
- This text is a cross-linguistic exploration of semantic and functional change in modal markers. With a focus on Japanese and - to a lesser extent - Chinese, it is a countercheck to hypotheses built on the Indo-European languages.
- Cover; Contents; List of Abbreviations; Acknowledgments; 1 Introduction; 1.1 The study of modality and subjectivity; 1.2 Goals of this book; 1.3 Theoretical orientation/Principles of the approach; 2 Modality and Subjectivity; 2.1 Modality; 2.1.1 Definition; 2.1.2 Subcategories; 2.1.3 Modality, mood, and illocution; 2.2 Subjectivity in language; 2.2.1 From Bréal to Lyons; 2.2.2 The pragmatic approach; 2.2.3 The conceptualist approach; 2.2.4 Differences and commonalities; 2.2.5 The cognitive-pragmatic approach; 2.2.6 Intersubjectivity and objectivity; 2.3 Subjectivity in modality
2.3.1 Approaches to subjectivity in modality2.3.2 Structural and non-structural criteria for subjectivity in modal expressions; 2.3.3 Conclusion and proposal; 2.3.4 The place of intersubjectivity; 2.4 A new model of modality and mood; 2.4.1 Volitive vs. non-volitive modality; 2.4.2 Speech act-oriented vs. event-oriented modality; 2.4.3 Integrating volitivity and speech act orientation; 3 Modality and Semantic Change; 3.1 Semantic change and modal polysemy; 3.1.1 Classification of changes: types, processes, or mechanisms?; 3.1.2 Mechanisms of semantic change; 3.1.3 Contexts of change
3.1.4 Motivations for semantic change3.1.5 Directionality of semantic change; 3.1.6 (Inter)subjectification; 3.2 Hypotheses about the directionality of semantic change in modality; 3.2.1 Individual directionalities: from 'deontic' or 'root' to epistemic; 3.2.2 Subjectification in modality; 3.2.3 Bybee et al.'s paths of grammaticalization involving modality; 3.2.4 A semantic map of modality; 3.2.5 The perspective in generative grammar; 3.3 A new proposal; 3.3.1 Semantic change as category climbing; 3.3.2 Semantic change as increased speech act orientation
3.3.3 Change in the area of modality and mood4 Illustrating the Model: Some Case Studies; 4.1 Change within modality; 4.1.1 English can; 4.1.2 American Spanish capaz; 4.1.3 Japanese be-; 4.2 From modality into mood; 4.2.1 Japanese be- continued; 4.2.2 Japanese -(a)m-; 4.3 From modality to illocutionary modification; 4.3.1 From epistemic possibility to illocutionary modification; 4.3.2 From speculative to illocutionary modification: daroo; 4.4 Into modality; 4.4.1 'Likeness' marker > inferential evidential: rasi-; 4.4.2 From voice to modality: -(r)are-; 4.5 Into mood
4.5.1 From aspect to tense and mood: -Ta4.5.2 From aspect to subordinating mood: -Tari; 4.6 Summary; 5 Cross-Linguistic Patterns of Polysemy and Change within Modality and Mood; 5.1 The data in Bybee et al. (1994); 5.2 Overview of the data; 5.3 From volitive to non-volitive modality (from deontic to epistemic); 5.4 Within volitive; 5.4.1 Canonical directionality; 5.4.2 Problematic cases; 5.5 From non-volitive to volitive modality (epistemic to deontic); 5.6 Within non-volitive; 5.6.1 Overall developments; 5.6.2 Extreme subjectification; 6 Shifts Between Types of Modality in Traditional Terms
6.1 Between necessity and possibility
- Description based upon print version of record.
Includes bibliographical references and indexes.
Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page (viewed on July 9, 2012).
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