Intuitionism [electronic resource].
- London : Bloomsbury Publishing, 2012.
- Continuum Ethics
1 online resource (233 p.)
- Ethical intuitionism.
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- Is the way to moral truth through theory? Or do we already know what's right and wrong? Throughout modern history philosophers have tried to construct elaborate moral systems to determine what's right. Recently, however, some have revived the position that we have intuitive knowledge of right and wrong. In this book, David Kaspar introduces and explores the perspective known as 'Intuitionism'. Charting intuitionism's fall in the twentieth century and its recent resurgence, Kaspar looks at the intuitionist approach to the most important topics in ethics, from moral knowledge to intrinsically go
- Cover; HalfTitle; Series; Title; Copyright; Dedication; Contents; Acknowledgments; Introduction; The search for a supreme principle; We know what's right; The approach of intuitionism; Overview; 1 Thinking about morality; Introduction; Moral beliefs and intuitionism; Methods of intuitionism; The first data of ethics; Assumptions to avoid; Divisions in moral theory; Intuitionism; Morality in action; Commonsense morality?; Persistent data; Prejudices and social support; Chapter summary; 2 The story of contemporary intuitionism; Introduction; Prichard's point; Ross's intuitionism
The downfall of early analytic intuitionismStrawson's case against intuitionism; General trends against intuitionism; The power of intuition; Methods of ethics; Audi's insight; Moral disagreement; Chapter summary; 3 Moral knowledge; Introduction; Empiricism and rationalism; Self-evidence explained; Moral proofs; Justification structures; Epistemic appraisal; Intuitions; Skepticism about intuitions; Self-evidence, mathematics, and morality; Mere truisms?; Synthetic a priori truths; You know what's right; Chapter summary; 4 New challenges to intuitionism; Introduction
Where in the world is morality?Moral skepticism and moral nihilism; Responding to moral nihilism; Naturalism and nonnaturalism; Supervenience problems; Supervenience solutions; Expert disagreement; Intuitionism and disagreement; Chapter summary; 5 The grounds of morality; Introduction; Moral explanation; Moral relations; Properties of moral relations; Transactions; Moral kinds; Promises; Variations of conditions for promises; Understanding and a priori knowledge; The metaphysical status of moral kinds; The convention objection; Chapter summary; 6 The right and the good reconsidered
IntroductionWhat's wrong with deontology; Intuitionists against intrinsically good action; Prichard's case for intrinsically good action; Ross's case for intrinsically good action; Good and right; Good and kind; Ought; Possible moral facts; Particular moral facts; Explaining supervenience; Chapter summary; 7 Intuitionism's rivals; Introduction; Moral knowledge and normative ethics; Supreme principles of morality; Kantianism; New Kantianism; Utilitarianism; Utilitarianism and action-guidance; Utilitarianism and moral explanation; Virtue ethics; Criteria of right action
The incorporation projectChapter summary; 8 Practical and ultimate moral issues; Introduction; Which principles?; Moral decisions; Moral risk; Between thought and action; The prudence dependency thesis; Moral knowledge again; The motivation problem; The ultimate issues; Chapter summary; Conclusion; Notes; References; Index
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