Franklin

Ionizing radiation exposure of the population of the United States [electronic resource].

Publication:
Bethesda, Md. : National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, [2009]
Series:
NCRP report ; no. 160.
NCRP report ; no. 160
Format/Description:
Book
1 online resource (403 p.)
Subjects:
Ionizing radiation -- Dosage.
Ionizing radiation -- Environmental aspects -- United States.
Health risk assessment -- United States.
Form/Genre:
Electronic books.
Language:
English
Contents:
""Preface""; ""Contents""; ""1. Executive Summary""; ""1.1 Ubiquitous Background Exposure""; ""1.2 Medical Exposure of Patients""; ""1.3 Consumer Products and Activities""; ""1.4 Industrial, Security, Medical, Educational and Research Activities""; ""1.5 Occupational Exposure""; ""1.6 Overall Results for 2006""; ""2. Introduction""; ""2.1 Present Report""; ""2.2 Radiation Source Categories""; ""2.2.1 Ubiquitous Background Radiation""; ""2.2.2 Patient Exposure from Medical Procedures""; ""2.2.3 Consumer Products and Activities""
""2.2.4 Industrial, Security, Medical, Educational and Research Activities""""2.2.5 Occupational Exposure""; ""2.3 Principal Radiation Dose Quantities in this Report""; ""2.3.1 Effective Dose""; ""2.3.2 Collective Effective Dose""; ""2.3.3 Average Effective Dose to an Individual in a Group Exposed to a Specific Source""; ""2.3.4 Effective Dose per Individual in the U.S. Population""; ""3. Ubiquitous Background Radiation""; ""3.1 Introduction""; ""3.2 Sources of Exposure""; ""3.2.1 Naturally-Occurring Radionuclides""; ""3.2.2 Anthropogenic Radionuclides""; ""3.2.3 External Radiation""
""3.2.4 Internal Radiation (Radionuclides in the Body)""""3.2.5 Assessment of Sources of Exposure""; ""3.3 Space Radiation""; ""3.3.1 Calculations""; ""3.3.2 Recent Results for U.S. Urban Areas""; ""3.3.3 Earlier Results""; ""3.4 Terrestrial Gamma Radiation""; ""3.4.1 Source Terms""; ""3.4.2 Methodology""; ""3.4.3 Data""; ""3.4.4 Results""; ""3.5 Radon and Thoron and Their Short-Lived Decay Products""; ""3.5.1 Radon Quantities and Units""; ""3.5.2 Residential Exposure""; ""3.5.3 Changes in Exposure to Radon and Thoron Decay Products Since 1987""
""3.5.4 Exposure Characteristics of Radon and Radon Decay Products""""3.5.5 Time-Use and Radon Exposure""; ""3.5.6 Variability in the Geographic Distribution of Radon""; ""3.5.7 Outdoor (Ambient) Radon""; ""3.5.8 Other Indoor Exposure""; ""3.5.9 Estimate of Population Exposure""; ""3.5.10 Average Dose from Radon Progeny""; ""3.5.11 Sources of Variability, Bias and Uncertainty""; ""3.5.12 Dose from Inhaled Radon Gas""; ""3.5.13 Thoron""; ""3.6 Radionuclides in the Body""; ""3.6.1 Potassium-40""; ""3.6.2 Thorium-232 and Uranium-238 Series""; ""3.6.3 Radionuclides in Domestic Water Supplies""
""3.6.4 Cosmogenic Radionuclides""""3.7 Summary and Conclusions""; ""4. Medical Exposure of Patients""; ""4.1 Introduction""; ""4.1.1 Exposure Categories""; ""4.1.2 Sources of Data on the Estimates of the Number of Procedures""; ""4.1.3 Sources of Data for Effective Dose per Procedure""; ""4.2 Computed Tomography""; ""4.2.1 Effective Dose from Computed Tomography""; ""4.2.2 Estimating Computed Tomography Usage in the United States""; ""4.2.3 Collective Effective Dose Calculations""; ""4.2.4 Sources of Uncertainty in the Dose""; ""4.2.5 Trends in the Next Ten Years""
""4.3 Conventional Radiography and Fluoroscopy""
Notes:
Update of: NCRP report no. 93, Ionizing radiation exposure of the population of the United States, c1987.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contributor:
National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements.
National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. Scientific Committee 6-2 on Radiation Exposure of the U.S. Population.
National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements.
ISBN:
1-61583-009-X
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