Transformations of materials / Dimitri D. Vvedensky.

Vvedensky, Dimitri D. (Dimitri Dimitrievich) author.
San Rafael [California] (40 Oak Drive, San Rafael, CA, 94903, USA) : Morgan & Claypool Publishers, [2019]
1 online resource (various pagings) : illustrations (some color)
IOP (Series). Release 6.
IOP concise physics
[IOP release 6]
IOP concise physics, 2053-2571
Bristol [England] (Temple Circus, Temple Way, Bristol BS1 6HG, UK) : IOP Publishing, [2019]

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Phase transformations (Statistical physics).
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Dimitri Dimitrievich Vvedensky is Professor of Physics in the Department of Physics at Imperial College London. He obtained his B.S. in Mathematics at the University of Maryland and his S.M. and Ph.D in Materials Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He has been on the faculty at Imperial since 1985. He is the author of more than 250 technical publications, including eight authored or edited books, and is a Fellow of the Institute of Physics and the American Physical Society. He has been a Guest Professor in the Department of Physics at the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zürich and at the University of Aix-Marseille, the Röntgen Professor at the University of Würzburg, and a Senior Fellow at the Institute for Pure and Applied Mathematics at UCLA. He is a three-time recipient of the Rector's Award for Teaching Excellence.
Phase transformations are among the most intriguing and technologically useful phenomena in materials, particularly with regard to controlling microstructure. After a review of thermodynamics, this book has chapters on Brownian motion and the diffusion equation, diffusion in solids based on transition-state theory, spinodal decomposition, nucleation and growth, instabilities in solidification, and diffusionless transformations. Each chapter includes exercises whose solutions are available in a separate manual.
1. Overview of thermodynamics
1.1. Basic concepts and terminology
1.2. The laws of thermodynamics
1.3. Fundamental equations
1.4. Thermal, mechanical, and chemical equilibria
1.5. Phase equilibria
1.6. Summary
2. Brownian motion, random walks, and the diffusion equation
2.1. Random walks and Brownian motion
2.2. Fick's laws and the diffusion equation
2.3. Fundamental solution of the diffusion equation
2.4. Examples
2.5. Summary
3. Atomic diffusion in solids
3.1. Defects in solids
3.2. Thermodynamics of point defects
3.3. Diffusion mechanisms
3.4. Transition-state theory
3.5. Analysis of diffusion experiments
3.6. Summary
4. Spinodal decomposition
4.1. The Bragg-Williams model
4.2. The phase diagram
4.3. The Cahn-Hilliard equation
4.4. Experiments on spinodal decomposition
4.5. Summary
5. Nucleation and growth
5.1. Classical nucleation theory
5.2. Nucleation rate of solid-state transformations
5.3. Homogeneous versus heterogeneous nucleation
5.4. Overall transformation rate
5.5. Summary
6. Instabilities of solidification fronts
6.1. Solidification of a pure liquid
6.2. Motion of a spherical solidification front
6.3. Linear stability of spherical front
6.4. Constitutional supercooling
6.5. Summary
7. Diffusionless transformations
7.1. Martensitic transformations
7.2. Shape memory alloys and pseudoelasticity
7.3. Theory of pseudoelasticity
7.4. Summary
Appendix A. Contour integral for the fundamental solution
Appendix B. Curvature of plane curves
Appendix C. Integrals for droplet nucleation.
"Version: 20190901"--Title page verso.
"A Morgan & Claypool publication as part of IOP Concise Physics"--Title page verso.
Includes bibliographical references.
Title from PDF title page (viewed on October 7, 2019).
Morgan & Claypool Publishers, publisher.
Institute of Physics (Great Britain), publisher.
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Publisher Number:
10.1088/2053-2571/ab191e doi
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