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Volcanic Unrest [electronic resource] : From Science to Society / edited by Joachim Gottsmann, Jürgen Neuberg, Bettina Scheu.

Publication:
Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer, 2019.
Format/Description:
Book
1 online resource (VIII, 313 p. 98 illus., 84 illus. in color.)
Edition:
1st ed. 2019.
Series:
Advances in Volcanology, An Official Book Series of the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth’s Interior, 2364-3277
Advances in Volcanology, An Official Book Series of the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth’s Interior, 2364-3277
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Subjects:
Natural disasters.
Geochemistry.
Geology.
Environmental law.
Environmental policy.
Public policy.
Local subjects:
Natural Hazards. (search)
Geochemistry. (search)
Geology. (search)
Environmental Law/Policy/Ecojustice. (search)
Public Policy. (search)
Summary:
This open access book summarizes the findings of the VUELCO project, a multi-disciplinary and cross-boundary research funded by the European Commission's 7th framework program. It comprises four broad topics: 1. The global significance of volcanic unrest 2. Geophysical and geochemical fingerprints of unrest and precursory activity 3. Magma dynamics leading to unrest phenomena 4. Bridging the gap between science and decision-making Volcanic unrest is a complex multi-hazard phenomenon. The fact that unrest may, or may not lead to an imminent eruption contributes significant uncertainty to short-term volcanic hazard and risk assessment. Although it is reasonable to assume that all eruptions are associated with precursory activity of some sort, the understanding of the causative links between subsurface processes, resulting unrest signals and imminent eruption is incomplete. When a volcano evolves from dormancy into a phase of unrest, important scientific, political and social questions need to be addressed. This book is aimed at graduate students, researchers of volcanic phenomena, professionals in volcanic hazard and risk assessment, observatory personnel, as well as emergency managers who wish to learn about the complex nature of volcanic unrest and how to utilize new findings to deal with unrest phenomena at scientific and emergency managing levels. This book is open access under a CC BY license.
Contents:
Part 1 – Overview on volcanic unrest
Significance of unrest
Past experiences
Part 2 - Geophysical and geochemical insights on unrest and precursory activity
Volcano Seismology: detecting unrest in wiggly lines
Volcano geodesy and multiparameter investigations
Volcanic gases and low temperature volcanic fluids
MONITORING CAPACITY: obvious and hidden problems
Part 3 – Magma dynamics: Lessons from experiments and models
Storage and ascent of magma
Magma rejuvenation: Insights from numerical models
Crystals, bubbles and melt: critical conduit processes revealed by numerical models
Interaction between magma and hydrothermal system
The magma laboratory: Constraining unrest mechanisms
From unrest to eruption: Conditions for phreatic vs. magmatic activity
Geochemical and isotopic investigations in the light of unrest
Magma mixing as a prelude to unrest
Part 4 – Bridging the gap between science and decision-making
Legal governance
A Warner paper incl Cost benefit
Recognizing and tracking volcanic unrest: a probabilistic approach
Probabilistic tools for hazard assessment and risk management
Deterministic vs. probabilistic forecasts
Perspective on global practices of communication and decision-makers’ needs
Social resilience and compliance during unrest crises
Outreach and education
Volcanic Unrest Simulation Exercises – guidance for future exercises
Glossary
INDEX.
Contributor:
Gottsmann, Joachim. editor., Editor,
Neuberg, Jürgen. editor., Editor,
Scheu, Bettina. editor., Editor,
ISBN:
3-319-58412-X
Publisher Number:
10.1007/978-3-319-58412-6 doi
Access Restriction:
Open Access