Cover; Half-Title Page; Title Page; Copyright Page; Contents; Introduction; The Geoheritage Structure Within the World's Geoparks: Tension in a Multiplicity of Cultural, Economic and Scientific Contexts; I.1. The Geopark H2020 program; I.2. A year of upheaval in the initial program; I.3. The UGG, a tension between territorial development and heritage enhancement; I.4. Inventory and conservation of heritage; I.5. Geotourism and education; I.6. References; PART 1: Objectives, Issues and Tensions Related to the Patrimonialization of Nature 1. Natural Heritage, Participatory Democracy and UNESCO: a Structure of Disillusionment?1.1. Introduction; 1.2. The participation in question; 1.3. A brief history of participatory mechanisms and environmental democracy; 1.4. Critical assessments of participatory mechanisms and environmental democracy; 1.5. Points of tension within protected natural areas; 1.5.1. The significant dimension of the devices; 1.5.2. The proliferation and professionalization of intermediaries; 1.5.3. Standardization of participation models 1.6. The example of the Lanzarote geopark: top-down approach and brand logic1.7. Conclusion: the democratic consequences of the contradictions of participation; 1.8. References; 2. The Ambivalences of the Co-construction of a Mental Territory: a Case Study on Spanish UGGs; 2.1. Introduction; 2.2. Problematic issues; 2.3. Methodology and construction of the corpus; 2.4. The construction of the story of the mental territory of the Spanish geoparks; 2.4.1. First initiatives to protect geological aspects in Spain; 2.4.2. Various definitions of geological heritage in Spain 2.4.3. Cultural enhancement of geological heritage: a disciplinary approach between protection and dissemination of geology2.5. Conclusion; 2.6. References; 3. The History of the Earth as a New Form of Territorial Marketing: the Case of the Geopark of the Tremp-Montsec Basin (Spain); 3.1. Introduction; 3.2. Economic development and the use of heritage in the Catalan Pyrenees; 3.3. The protection of Catalan geological heritage and its valorization through geoparks; 3.4. The Tremp-Montsec Basin Geopark Project and the creation of a territory brand 3.5. The declaration of the Tremp Geopark and the definition of its future challenges3.6. References; 4. Patrimonialization and the Geopark Label: for Which Development Model in the South? The Case of Morocco; 4.1. Introduction; 4.2. Geopark in Morocco: new label, new territory and new heritage process; 4.2.1. The relationship to heritage and patrimonialization in Morocco: between identity, museumization and commodification; 4.2.2. What is the debate on the social acceptability and local utility of geoparks?
Description based upon print version of record. 4.3. Challenges in the territorial construction of geoparks and their heritage development Electronic reproduction. Hoboken, N.J. Available via World Wide Web.