Plutonium : How Nuclear Power's Dream Fuel Became a Nightmare / by Frank von Hippel, Masafumi Takubo, Jungmin Kang.

Von Hippel, Frank author., Author,
1st ed. 2019.
Singapore : Springer Singapore : Imprint: Springer, 2019.
Physics and Astronomy (Springer-11651)
1 online resource (XXI, 177 pages) : 51 illustrations, 44 illustrations in color.
Nuclear energy.
Nuclear chemistry.
Science-Social aspects.
Local subjects:
Popular Science in Physics. (search)
Popular Science in Energy. (search)
Nuclear Energy. (search)
Nuclear Chemistry. (search)
Societal Aspects of Physics, Outreach and Education. (search)
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This book provides a readable and thought-provoking analysis of the issues surrounding nuclear fuel reprocessing and fast-neutron reactors, including discussion of resources, economics, radiological risk and resistance to nuclear proliferation. It describes the history and science behind reprocessing, and gives an overview of the status of reprocessing programmes around the world. It concludes that such programs should be discontinued. While nuclear power is seen by many as the only realistic solution to the carbon emission problem, some national nuclear establishments have been pursuing development and deployment of sodium-cooled plutonium breeder reactors, and plutonium recycling. Its proponents argue that this system would offer significant advantages relative to current light water reactor technology in terms of greater uranium utilization efficiency, and that separating out the long-lived plutonium and other transuranics from spent fuel and fissioning them in fast reactors would greatly reduce the duration of the toxicity of radioactive waste. However, the history of efforts to deploy this system commercially in a number of countries over the last six decades has been one of economic and technical failure and, in some cases, was used to mask clandestine nuclear weapon development programs. Covering topics of significant public interest including nuclear safety, fuel storage, environmental impact and the spectre of nuclear terrorism, this book presents a comprehensive analysis of the issue for nuclear engineers, policy analysts, government officials and the general public. .
1 Overview
2 The dream: a future powered by plutonium
3 Civilian plutonium separation and nuclear-weapon proliferation
4 Continuation of plutonium separation without breeder reactors
5 A much worse accident that almost happened in Fukushima: A fire in a dense-packed spent fuel pool
6 Early dry-cask storage: A safer alternative to dense-packed pools and reprocessing
7 Deep disposal of spent fuel without reprocessing
8 The case for a ban on reprocessing
Index. .
Takubo, Masafumi, author., Author,
Kang, Jungmin, author., Author,
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Publisher Number:
10.1007/978-981-13-9901-5 doi
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Restricted for use by site license.
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