Franklin

Crime, poverty and survival in the Middle East and North Africa : the 'dangerous classes' since 1800 / edited by Stephanie Cronin.

Publication:
London : I.B. Tauris, 2020.
Format/Description:
Book
xi, 314 pages ; 24 cm
Status/Location:
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Subjects:
Criminals -- Middle East -- History.
Criminals -- Africa, North -- History.
Social classes -- Middle East -- History.
Social classes -- Africa, North -- History.
Criminology -- Middle East -- History.
Criminology -- Africa, North -- History.
Criminals.
Criminology.
Social classes.
Middle East.
North Africa.
Form/Genre:
History.
Summary:
"The concept of the "dangerous classes" was born in a rapidly urbanizing and industrializing nineteenth century Europe. It described all those who had fallen out of the working classes into the lower depths of the new societies, surviving by their wits or various amoral, disreputable or criminal strategies. This included beggars and vagrants, swindlers, pickpockets and burglars, prostitutes and pimps, ex-soldiers, ex-prisoners, tricksters, drug-dealers, the unemployed or unemployable, indeed every type of the criminal and marginal. This book examines the "dangerous classes" in the Middle East and North Africa, their lives and the strategies they used to avoid, evade, cheat, placate or, occasionally, resist, the authorities. Chapters cover the narratives of their lives; their relationship with "respectable" society; their political inclinations and their role in shaping systems and institutions of discipline and control and their representation in literature and in popular culture. The book demonstrates the liminality of the "dangerous classes" and their capacity for re-invention. It also indicates the sharpening relevance of the concept to a Middle East and North Africa now in the grip of an almost permanent sense of crisis, its younger generations crippled by a pervasive sense of hopelessness, prone to petty crime and vulnerable to induction as foot soldiers into drug and people smuggling, petty gangsterism and jihadism."-- Provided by publisher.
Contents:
Acknowledgements
Note on transliteration
The Dangerous Classes in the Middle East and North Africa / Stephanie Cronin.
Part One :: Dangerous Women
1. Disciplining Sex Work in Colonial Cairo / Francesca Biancani
2. Governing Prostitutes with Fear and Compassion: The Red-Light District of Tehran, 1922-1970 / Jairan Gahan
3. "Disorderly Women" and the Politics of Urban Space in Early 20th Century Istanbul (1900-1914)
Muge Ozbek
4. Disreputable by Definition : Respectability and Theft by Poor Women in Urban Interwar Egypt / Hanan Hammad
Part Two : Banditry and Crime
5. Noble Robbers, avengers and entrepreneurs : Eric Hobsbawm and banditry in Iran, the Middle East and North Africa / Stephanie Cronin
6. Rural Banditry in Colonial Algeria, 1871-1914 / Antonin Plarier
7. A State of Tribal Lawlessness? Rural and Urban Crime in Fars Province, 1910-15 / Mattin Biglari
8. Rural Crimes As Everyday Politics of Peasants: Tax Delinquency, Smuggling, Theft and Banditry in Modern Turkey / Murat Metinsoy
Part Three : Dangerous Streets
9. Urban food riots in Late Ottoman Bilad al-Sham as a `Repertoire of Contention / Till Grallet
10. The dangerous classes and the 1953 Coup of Iran : On The decline of lutigari masculinities / Olmo Gölz.
11. The 'Virtual Poor' in Iran : Dangerous classes and Homeless Life in Capitalist Times / Maziyar Ghiabi.
Notes:
Includes bibliographic references (pages 275-305) and index.
Contributor:
Cronin, Stephanie, editor.
ISBN:
9781788313711
1788313712
OCLC:
1120207905