Franklin

Handbook of Psychology, History of Psychology.

Author/Creator:
Freedheim, Donald K.
Publication:
New York : John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated, 2012.
Format/Description:
Book
1 online resource (690 pages)
Edition:
2nd ed.
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Subjects:
Psychology -- History.
Form/Genre:
Electronic books.
Summary:
Psychology is of interest to academics from many fields, as well as to the thousands of academic and clinical psychologists and general public who can't help but be interested in learning more about why humans think and behave as they do. This award-winning twelve-volume reference covers every aspect of the ever-fascinating discipline of psychology and represents the most current knowledge in the field. This ten-year revision now covers discoveries based in neuroscience, clinical psychology's new interest in evidence-based practice and mindfulness, and new findings in social, developmental, and forensic psychology.
Contents:
Intro
Handbook of Psychology
Contents
Foreword to the First Edition
Foreword to the Second Edition
Handbook of Psychology Preface
Volume Preface
Contributors
Chapter 1 Psychology as a Science
The Origins of Scientific Psychology
Psychology
The Scientific Context in the 19th Century
Sensory Physiology
Psychophysics
Mental Chronometry
Psychology's First Laboratory
Beyond the First Laboratory: Evolution of the Discipline
Psychology in Germany
Psychology in America
William James and Evolutionary Theory
The Psychological Laboratory and the Psychological Experiment
The Rise of Laboratories in America
The Evolution of the Laboratory Experiment
Data Treatment and Research Design
Defining Psychology and Its Methods
Competing Perspectives, Developing Research
Structuralism
Functionalism
Child Study
Individual Differences
The Study of Nonhumans: Animal Psychology
Behaviorism
Gestalt Psychology
Logical Positivism and Operationism
The Neo-Behaviorists: Guthrie, Tolman, and Hull
The Radical Behaviorism of B. F. Skinner
The Rise of Cognitive Psychology: Mentalism Revisited
References
Chapter 2 Psychology as a Profession
What Defines a Profession?
Pioneering Applications of Psychological Science
The Beginnings of the New Profession of Psychology
The Business Psychologist
The Counseling Psychologist
The School Psychologist
The Clinical Psychologist
World War I and the Growth of Psychological Practice
The 1920s: The Decade of Popular Psychology
Struggles for Professional Identity
Postwar Growth of the Practice of Psychology
Clinical Psychology
Counseling Psychology
Industrial Psychology
A "Professional" Journal within APA
Two Associational Developments
APAGS.
The Changing Economic Context of the Psychology Profession
Psychology Practice and Intradisciplinary Tensions
The Scientist-Practitioner Gap
Empirically Supported Treatments (ESTs)
A New Training Model and Accreditation System
Current Efforts to Bridge the Gap
Psychology Practice and Interdisciplinary Tensions
Prescriptive Authority (RxP) Agenda
Master's-Level Practitioners
The 21st Century
References
Chapter 3 Biological Psychology
The Mind
The Brain
Sensory Processes
Color Vision
Pitch Detection
Learning and Memory
Motivation and Emotion
Emotion
Motivation
Cognitive Neuroscience
The Organization of Long-Term Declarative Memory
Conclusion
References
Chapter 4 Comparative Psychology in Historical Perspective
Early History
Forerunners of Comparative Psychology
Comparative Psychology Before World War I
American Comparative Psychology
International Developments
Between the World Wars
Leaders of the American Reconstruction
New Blood for American Comparative Psychology
The State of American Comparative Psychology Between the Wars
Textbooks
International Developments
Comparative Psychology Since World War II
Personnel
Funding
Research Centers
Journals
Academic Societies
Soul Searching
Three Important Postwar Influences
European Ethology
Sociobiology, Behavioral Ecology, and Evolutionary Psychology
Comparative Cognition
Recent Trends as Reflected in the Journal of Comparative Psychology
Conclusion: Persistent Issues
References
Chapter 5 Sensation and Perception
The Perceptual Problem
Sensation, Perception, Reason, and Cognition
Physics and Visual Perception
Physiology and Perception
The Science of Illusion
The Rise of the Behavioral Laboratories.
The Psychophysicists and the Correspondence Problem
The Gestaltists and the Correspondence Problem
The Progress of Perceptual Research
Bibliography
References
Chapter 6 Cognition and Learning
The Philosophical Period
The Premodern Period: Cognition Before the Scientific Revolution
The Scientific Revolution and a New Understanding of Cognition
The Modern Period: Cognition After the Scientific Revolution
The Empiricist Tradition
Summary: Psychology Takes Center Stage
The Early Scientific Period
The Psychology of Consciousness
The Verbal Learning Tradition
The Impact of Evolution
Animal Psychology and the Coming of Behaviorism
Behaviorism: The Golden Age of Learning Theory
The Modern Scientific Period
The Three Key Ideas of Computing
The Fruits of Computation: Cognitive Science
Cognitive Psychology Today
The Two-Systems Metaphor
References
Chapter 7 Intelligence
Expert Opinions on the Nature of Intelligence
Intelligence Operationally Defined
The 1921 Symposium
Other Expert Opinions
The Seminal Views of Galton and Binet
Intelligence Is Simple: Galton's Theory of Psychophysical Processes
Psychometric Models of the Nature of Intelligence
Spearman's Two-Factor Theory
Theories of Bonds and of Connections
Thurstone's Theory of Primary Mental Abilities
Hierarchical Theories
Guilford's Structure-of-Intellect Model
Guttman's Radex Model
Evaluation
Piagetian Model
Cognitive Structures
Vygotsky's and Feuerstein's Theories
The Theories
Evaluation
Cognitive Processes
The Cognitive Correlates Approach
The Cognitive Components Approach
The Cognitive Training Approach
The Cognitive Contents Approach
Evaluation
Biological Bases of Intelligence
Theories and Data
Evaluation
Culture and Society
The Theories.
Evaluation
Systems Models
The Nature of Systems Models
Evaluation
Conclusion: Relations Among Various Approaches and Theories
Different Name
Fighting for "Truth"
Dialectical Synthesis
References
Chapter 8 Emotion
Premodern History of Emotion
Themes In a Modern History of Emotion
Two Distinct Psychologies of Emotion
Peripheral/Organic Approaches to Emotion: James, Lange, and Sergi
Central/Mental Approaches to Emotion
The Conflict Theories
A Future History
William James's Question
How Many Theories?
References
Chapter 9 Personality
Case Studies and Life Histories in Personality Psychology: A History of Ambivalence
Individual Lives and Individual Differences: The Multidisciplinary Study of Personality (1900-1930)
The "Culture of Personality"
Psychiatry and Psychopathology
Sociology and Social Work
The Mental Hygiene Movement
American Psychology
Promoting the Study of Individual Lives: Gordon Allport and Henry Murray
Gordon Allport and Case Studies: "The Most Revealing Method of All"
Henry Murray's Personology and the Study of Lives
The Study of Individual Lives in the 1930s and 1940s . . . and Later
Reassessing the History of Ambivalence Toward the Study of Individual Lives
Revival of the Study of Individual Lives in Personality Psychology
Context and Complexity: Putting the Person Back Together
References
Chapter 10 Developmental Psychology
The Beginning Years (1870-1915)
The Founders
Characteristics of Early Theories
A Period of Institutional Organization and Clashing Conceptualization (1915-1940)
The Society for Research in Child Development
Institutes of Child Development
A Trio of Towering Theorists
Appraisal of the Era
The ERA of Expansion (1940-1960)
Extending the Psychodynamic Theory of Development.
Fusing Psychodynamic Theory With Learning Theory
Operant Orientation
Reflections on the Era of Expansion
Rise of Contemporary Themes (1960-1985)
Return of Cognition
Discovery of Precocity
Redefinition of Social Learning Theory
From Social Interaction to Social Relationships
Embracing Emotion
The Importance of Early Experience
Advances in Theory and Method
The Current Period (1985-Present)
Return to the Biology of Development
Deepening the Study of Cognitive Development
Appreciation of the Roles of Culture and Context in Development
Taking a Life-Span Perspective
Broadening the Units of Analysis
Interdisciplinary Developmental Science
Current Theoretical Trends
Current Methodological Trends
A Final Word
References
Chapter 11 Social Psychology
Social Heavens and the new Century
The Social as Dynamic and Moral: James and Baldwin
Scientific Specificity and the Social
Critical Interrogations of the "Social"
A Social Psychology to Serve Psychology and Society
Work During the Interwar Years
Progressive Science
Making and Finding Social Relevance
Configuring the Individual and the Social
Midcentury On: From Post-World War II and Post-Mechanism to Post-Positivism
World War II Era
Cold War, Cybernetics, and Social Psychology
Social Movements and Movements for Change in Social Psychology
Revisiting the Individual-Social World Dualism
A Social Psychology of Social Psychology
Transiting the Modern to Postmodern ERA
References
Chapter 12 Psychology of Women and Gender
Beginnings: Women in Psychology Doing Psychology of Women
Early-20th-Century Women in U.S. Psychology
Midcentury Women in U.S. Psychology: Challenges and Contributions
Women's Liberation and the Emergence of Feminist Psychology in America.
Openings: Making New Knowledge About Women and Gender.
Notes:
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources.
Local notes:
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2021. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.
Contributor:
Weiner, Irving B.
Freedheim, Donald K.
Other format:
Print version: Freedheim, Donald K. Handbook of Psychology, History of Psychology
ISBN:
9781118337400
9780470619018
OCLC:
815649357