Psychology is of interest to academics from many fields, as well as to the thousands of academic and clinical psychologists and general public who can't help but be interested in learning more about why humans think and behave as they do. This award-winning twelve-volume reference covers every aspect of the ever-fascinating discipline of psychology and represents the most current knowledge in the field. This ten-year revision now covers discoveries based in neuroscience, clinical psychology's new interest in evidence-based practice and mindfulness, and new findings in social, developmental, and forensic psychology.
Intro Handbook of Psychology Contents Foreword to the First Edition Foreword to the Second Edition Handbook of Psychology Preface Volume Preface Contributors Chapter 1 Psychology as a Science The Origins of Scientific Psychology Psychology The Scientific Context in the 19th Century Sensory Physiology Psychophysics Mental Chronometry Psychology's First Laboratory Beyond the First Laboratory: Evolution of the Discipline Psychology in Germany Psychology in America William James and Evolutionary Theory The Psychological Laboratory and the Psychological Experiment The Rise of Laboratories in America The Evolution of the Laboratory Experiment Data Treatment and Research Design Defining Psychology and Its Methods Competing Perspectives, Developing Research Structuralism Functionalism Child Study Individual Differences The Study of Nonhumans: Animal Psychology Behaviorism Gestalt Psychology Logical Positivism and Operationism The Neo-Behaviorists: Guthrie, Tolman, and Hull The Radical Behaviorism of B. F. Skinner The Rise of Cognitive Psychology: Mentalism Revisited References Chapter 2 Psychology as a Profession What Defines a Profession? Pioneering Applications of Psychological Science The Beginnings of the New Profession of Psychology The Business Psychologist The Counseling Psychologist The School Psychologist The Clinical Psychologist World War I and the Growth of Psychological Practice The 1920s: The Decade of Popular Psychology Struggles for Professional Identity Postwar Growth of the Practice of Psychology Clinical Psychology Counseling Psychology Industrial Psychology A "Professional" Journal within APA Two Associational Developments APAGS. The Changing Economic Context of the Psychology Profession Psychology Practice and Intradisciplinary Tensions The Scientist-Practitioner Gap Empirically Supported Treatments (ESTs) A New Training Model and Accreditation System Current Efforts to Bridge the Gap Psychology Practice and Interdisciplinary Tensions Prescriptive Authority (RxP) Agenda Master's-Level Practitioners The 21st Century References Chapter 3 Biological Psychology The Mind The Brain Sensory Processes Color Vision Pitch Detection Learning and Memory Motivation and Emotion Emotion Motivation Cognitive Neuroscience The Organization of Long-Term Declarative Memory Conclusion References Chapter 4 Comparative Psychology in Historical Perspective Early History Forerunners of Comparative Psychology Comparative Psychology Before World War I American Comparative Psychology International Developments Between the World Wars Leaders of the American Reconstruction New Blood for American Comparative Psychology The State of American Comparative Psychology Between the Wars Textbooks International Developments Comparative Psychology Since World War II Personnel Funding Research Centers Journals Academic Societies Soul Searching Three Important Postwar Influences European Ethology Sociobiology, Behavioral Ecology, and Evolutionary Psychology Comparative Cognition Recent Trends as Reflected in the Journal of Comparative Psychology Conclusion: Persistent Issues References Chapter 5 Sensation and Perception The Perceptual Problem Sensation, Perception, Reason, and Cognition Physics and Visual Perception Physiology and Perception The Science of Illusion The Rise of the Behavioral Laboratories. The Psychophysicists and the Correspondence Problem The Gestaltists and the Correspondence Problem The Progress of Perceptual Research Bibliography References Chapter 6 Cognition and Learning The Philosophical Period The Premodern Period: Cognition Before the Scientific Revolution The Scientific Revolution and a New Understanding of Cognition The Modern Period: Cognition After the Scientific Revolution The Empiricist Tradition Summary: Psychology Takes Center Stage The Early Scientific Period The Psychology of Consciousness The Verbal Learning Tradition The Impact of Evolution Animal Psychology and the Coming of Behaviorism Behaviorism: The Golden Age of Learning Theory The Modern Scientific Period The Three Key Ideas of Computing The Fruits of Computation: Cognitive Science Cognitive Psychology Today The Two-Systems Metaphor References Chapter 7 Intelligence Expert Opinions on the Nature of Intelligence Intelligence Operationally Defined The 1921 Symposium Other Expert Opinions The Seminal Views of Galton and Binet Intelligence Is Simple: Galton's Theory of Psychophysical Processes Psychometric Models of the Nature of Intelligence Spearman's Two-Factor Theory Theories of Bonds and of Connections Thurstone's Theory of Primary Mental Abilities Hierarchical Theories Guilford's Structure-of-Intellect Model Guttman's Radex Model Evaluation Piagetian Model Cognitive Structures Vygotsky's and Feuerstein's Theories The Theories Evaluation Cognitive Processes The Cognitive Correlates Approach The Cognitive Components Approach The Cognitive Training Approach The Cognitive Contents Approach Evaluation Biological Bases of Intelligence Theories and Data Evaluation Culture and Society The Theories. Evaluation Systems Models The Nature of Systems Models Evaluation Conclusion: Relations Among Various Approaches and Theories Different Name Fighting for "Truth" Dialectical Synthesis References Chapter 8 Emotion Premodern History of Emotion Themes In a Modern History of Emotion Two Distinct Psychologies of Emotion Peripheral/Organic Approaches to Emotion: James, Lange, and Sergi Central/Mental Approaches to Emotion The Conflict Theories A Future History William James's Question How Many Theories? References Chapter 9 Personality Case Studies and Life Histories in Personality Psychology: A History of Ambivalence Individual Lives and Individual Differences: The Multidisciplinary Study of Personality (1900-1930) The "Culture of Personality" Psychiatry and Psychopathology Sociology and Social Work The Mental Hygiene Movement American Psychology Promoting the Study of Individual Lives: Gordon Allport and Henry Murray Gordon Allport and Case Studies: "The Most Revealing Method of All" Henry Murray's Personology and the Study of Lives The Study of Individual Lives in the 1930s and 1940s . . . and Later Reassessing the History of Ambivalence Toward the Study of Individual Lives Revival of the Study of Individual Lives in Personality Psychology Context and Complexity: Putting the Person Back Together References Chapter 10 Developmental Psychology The Beginning Years (1870-1915) The Founders Characteristics of Early Theories A Period of Institutional Organization and Clashing Conceptualization (1915-1940) The Society for Research in Child Development Institutes of Child Development A Trio of Towering Theorists Appraisal of the Era The ERA of Expansion (1940-1960) Extending the Psychodynamic Theory of Development. Fusing Psychodynamic Theory With Learning Theory Operant Orientation Reflections on the Era of Expansion Rise of Contemporary Themes (1960-1985) Return of Cognition Discovery of Precocity Redefinition of Social Learning Theory From Social Interaction to Social Relationships Embracing Emotion The Importance of Early Experience Advances in Theory and Method The Current Period (1985-Present) Return to the Biology of Development Deepening the Study of Cognitive Development Appreciation of the Roles of Culture and Context in Development Taking a Life-Span Perspective Broadening the Units of Analysis Interdisciplinary Developmental Science Current Theoretical Trends Current Methodological Trends A Final Word References Chapter 11 Social Psychology Social Heavens and the new Century The Social as Dynamic and Moral: James and Baldwin Scientific Specificity and the Social Critical Interrogations of the "Social" A Social Psychology to Serve Psychology and Society Work During the Interwar Years Progressive Science Making and Finding Social Relevance Configuring the Individual and the Social Midcentury On: From Post-World War II and Post-Mechanism to Post-Positivism World War II Era Cold War, Cybernetics, and Social Psychology Social Movements and Movements for Change in Social Psychology Revisiting the Individual-Social World Dualism A Social Psychology of Social Psychology Transiting the Modern to Postmodern ERA References Chapter 12 Psychology of Women and Gender Beginnings: Women in Psychology Doing Psychology of Women Early-20th-Century Women in U.S. Psychology Midcentury Women in U.S. Psychology: Challenges and Contributions Women's Liberation and the Emergence of Feminist Psychology in America. Openings: Making New Knowledge About Women and Gender.
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