Franklin

The Origins of Reasonable Doubt : Theological Roots of the Criminal Trial / Ernst Kris, Otto Kurz.

Author/Creator:
Kris, Ernst, author., Author,
Publication:
New Haven, CT : Yale University Press, [2008]
Format/Description:
Book
1 online resource
Subjects:
Burden of proof -- Moral and ethical aspects -- Europe -- History.
Evidence, Criminal -- Europe -- History.
Judgments, Criminal -- Europe -- History.
Religion and law -- Europe -- History.
Language:
In English.
System Details:
Mode of access: Internet via World Wide Web.
text file PDF
Summary:
To be convicted of a crime in the United States, a person must be proven guilty "beyond a reasonable doubt." But what is reasonable doubt? Even sophisticated legal experts find this fundamental doctrine difficult to explain. In this accessible book, James Q. Whitman digs deep into the history of the law and discovers that we have lost sight of the original purpose of "reasonable doubt." It was not originally a legal rule at all, he shows, but a theological one. The rule as we understand it today is intended to protect the accused. But Whitman traces its history back through centuries of Christian theology and common-law history to reveal that the original concern was to protect the souls of jurors. In Christian tradition, a person who experienced doubt yet convicted an innocent defendant was guilty of a mortal sin. Jurors fearful for their own souls were reassured that they were safe, as long as their doubts were not "reasonable." Today, the old rule of reasonable doubt survives, but it has been turned to different purposes. The result is confusion for jurors, and a serious moral challenge for our system of justice.
Contents:
Frontmatter
Contents
Illustrations
Acknowledgments
Introduction
1. Of Factual Proof and Moral Comfort
2. The Christian Judge and the Taint of Blood: The Theology of Killing in War and Law
3. The Decline of the Judicial Ordeal: From God as Witness to Man as Witness
4. Salvation for the Judge, Damnation for the Witnesses: The Continent
5. Salvation for the Judge, Damnation for the Jury: England
6. The Crises of the Seventeenth Century
7. The Eighteenth Century: The Rule Emerges
Conclusion
Abbreviations
Notes
Index
Notes:
Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page (publisher's Web site, viewed 24. Apr 2020)
Contributor:
Gombrich, E. H.
Kurz, Otto, author., Author,
De Gruyter.
Contained In:
De Gruyter University Press Library.
ISBN:
9780300150100
OCLC:
1024013227
Publisher Number:
10.12987/9780300150100 doi
Access Restriction:
Restricted for use by site license.
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