Scientific basis of the Royal College of Radiologists Fellowship : illustrated questions and answers / Malcolm Sperrin, John Winder.

Sperrin, Malcolm, author.
2nd edition.
Bristol [England] (Temple Circus, Temple Way, Bristol BS1 6HG, UK) : IOP Publishing, [2020]
IPEM-IOP series in physics and engineering in medicine and biology
IOP ebooks. 2020 collection.
IPEM-IOP series in physics and engineering in medicine and biology
IOP ebooks. [2020 collection]
1 online resource (various pagings) : illustrations (some color).
Royal College of Radiologists (Great Britain).
Medical radiology -- Examinations, questions, etc.
Medical radiology -- Safety measures -- Problems, exercises, etc.
Medical subjects:
Technology, Radiologic.
Radiation Protection.
Examination Questions.
System Details:
Mode of access: World Wide Web.
System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader, EPUB reader, or Kindle reader.
Malcolm Sperrin is the Director of the Department of Medical Physics and Clinical Engineering at the Churchill Hospital, Oxford, UK with a special interest in radiation medicine, especially nuclear medicine and radiotherapy. He also plays a significant role in radiation protection and contingency planning. In parallel to his conventional hospital duties, Malcolm also spends a lot of time teaching and lecturing with organisations including Oxford Postgraduate Medical School, The Open University and various Royal Colleges not to mention lectureships at Guildford and the University of the West of England. He is also a Fellow of both the Royal College of Surgeons and the Royal College of Radiologists. John Winder worked at The University of Ulster from 2002 until 2017 as a Reader in Healthcare Science as a lecturer and researcher. His research interests are in 3D medical imaging, rapid prototyping (3D printing) and has published over 100 research papers, 7 book chapters and supervised 11 PhD students. He is known for his clear communication of science and has been guest speaker at a range of UK Radiology and other clinical conferences. John is now self-employed at RJ imaging, Belfast, and works on scientific writing and creating customised anatomical models for the Northern Ireland National Health Service.
Science and medicine have long been close partners; this is particularly true in radiology where the availability of imaging techniques is central to diagnosis. An understanding of the science underlying an imaging process enables the development of new or improved techniques, comprehension of the imaging limitations and even the creation of a research portfolio. This volume is intended as an education resource to help study and pass the necessary exams in physics required for medical specialists. Accounting for changes in examinations and curricula, this new edition includes over 50 new questions across all topics and a new chapter on functional and molecular imaging. Part of IPEM-IOP Series in Physics and Engineering in Medicine and Biology.
1. Basic physics
1.1. The structure of the atom
1.2. Characteristic radiation and atomic shells
1.3. The electromagnetic spectrum I
1.4. The electromagnetic spectrum II
1.5. Luminescence
1.6. Transverse waves
1.7. Longitudinal waves
1.8. The inverse square law
1.9. Radioactivity in medicine
1.10. Radioactive decay
1.11. Exponential decay
1.12. The half-life of a radionuclide
1.13. Units and measurement
1.14. Prefixes to units
1.15. Full width at half maximum
1.16. The point spread function
1.17. Mathematical considerations
1.18. Contrast agents I
1.19. Contrast agents II
2. X-ray imaging
2.1. Projection imaging
2.2. Radiography
2.3. Magnification in radiography
2.4. The quality of an x-ray beam
2.5. Image quality
2.6. Plain film x-ray tomography
2.7. Fluoroscopy technology
2.8. Image intensifier
2.9. Fluoroscopy radiation dose
2.10. Image quality in fluoroscopy
2.11. High kV technique
2.12. Mammography x-ray spectra
2.13. Mammography spatial resolution
2.14. Image quality in mammography
2.15. Mammography technology
2.16. Mammography compression
2.17. Digital mammography
2.18. Computed radiography I
2.19. Computed radiography II
2.20. Computed radiography : dynamic range
2.21. Computed radiography cassettes
2.22. Computed radiography detection process
2.23. Direct (digital) radiography
2.24. Detectors in direct radiography
2.25. Breast tomosynthesis
2.26. Fluoroscopy
2.27. Fluoroscopy entrance surface dose
3. Imaging theory
3.1. Digital imaging fundamentals
3.2. The isotropic voxel
3.3. Digital image presentation
3.4. Image digitisation
3.5. Digital image matrix
3.6. Digital image computer displays
3.7. Spatial resolution in imaging systems
3.8. Picture archive and communication system I
3.9. Picture archive and communication system II
3.10. Image quality
3.11. Partial volume effect
3.12. Image processing in radiological imaging
3.13. Spatial resolution in medical imaging
3.14. Multimodality imaging
3.15. Common imaging themes I
3.16. Common imaging themes II
3.17. Common imaging themes III
3.18. Modulation transfer function
4. Radiation protection
4.1. Radiation dose reduction in pregnancy
4.2. The ALARA principle
4.3. Types of radiation effects
4.4. Stochastic effects of radiation
4.5. Absorbed dose
4.6. Dose area product
4.7. Radiation controlled areas
4.8. Radiation biology
4.9. Radiation safety of staff
4.10. Practical radiation exposure reduction
4.11. Ionizing radiation dose I
4.12. Ionizing radiation dose II
4.13. Safety in radiography I
4.14. Safety in radiography II
4.15. Safety in radionuclide imaging I
4.16. Safety in radionuclide imaging II
4.17. Radionuclide radiation protection
5. Computed tomography
5.1. Computed tomography back projection
5.2. Technology in cone beam computed tomography
5.3. The cone beam effect in computed tomography scanning
5.4. Principles of computed tomography operation
5.5. Multislice detectors in computed tomography
5.6. Spatial resolution in computed tomography
5.7. Computed tomography image reconstruction
5.8. Computed tomography image presentation
5.9. Computed tomography
5.10. Computed tomography radiation dose
5.11. Spectral computed tomography
6. Ultrasound
6.1. Ultrasound imaging : routine
6.2. Ultrasound imaging : obstetrics
6.3. Ultrasound imaging : image process
6.4. Ultrasound imaging : transducer
6.5. Harmonic imaging I
6.6. Acoustic field
6.7. Thermal index and mechanical index
6.8. Image formation
6.9. Artefacts
6.10. Bioeffects
6.11. Contrast agents
6.12. The Doppler effect
6.13. Power Doppler
6.14. Duplex Doppler
6.15. Harmonic imaging II
6.16. Transducer design
6.17. Improving the image
6.18. Basic physics
6.19. Physics of ultrasound I
6.20. Physics of ultrasound II
6.21. Ultrasound
6.22. Safety in ultrasound
7. Magnetic resonance imaging
7.1. The source of the magnetic resonance signal
7.2. Magnetic resonance signal : the net magnetic moment
7.3. Magnetic resonance image contrast (image weighting)
7.4. Transverse magnetization
7.5. Metal artefacts in magnetic resonance imaging
7.6. The spin echo pulse sequence
7.7. Magnetic resonance safety : main magnetic field
7.8. Magnetic resonance imaging parameters
7.9. Magnetic resonance technology
7.10. Gradient magnetic fields
7.11. Relaxation times in magnetic resonance imaging
7.12. Fast/turbo spin echo magnetic resonance imaging
7.13. Fat suppression techniques
7.14. Radio frequency safety
7.15. Magnetic resonance image artefacts
7.16. Magnetic resonance safety I
7.17. Magnetic resonance controlled area
7.18. Risks associated with magnetic resonance imaging
7.19. Magnetic resonance safety II
7.20. Magnetic resonance imaging environment
7.21. Magnetic resonance safety III
7.22. Magnetic resonance safety IV
7.23. Gradient echo imaging
7.24. Magnetic resonance imaging spatial encoding
7.25. Magnetic resonance signal
8. Nuclear medicine
8.1. Gamma camera design
8.2. The ideal isotope
8.3. Quality assurance tests
8.4. Dynamic studies
8.5. Nuclear medicine risks
8.6. Positron emission tomography I
8.7. Single photon emission computed tomography I
8.8. Combined positron emission tomography/computed tomography
8.9. Collimators
8.10. Resolution
8.11. Bone scans
8.12. Photomultiplier tubes
8.13. Single photon emission computed tomography II
8.14. Positron emission tomography II
8.15. Positron emission tomography III
8.16. Isotopes
8.17. Radionuclide imaging I
8.18. Radionuclide imaging II
8.19. Positron emission tomography IV
8.20. Positron emission tomography V
9. Functional and molecular imaging
9.1. Molecular imaging
9.2. Functional and molecular imaging I
9.3. Optical imaging
9.4. Functional and molecular imaging II
9.5. Functional and molecular imaging III
9.6. Biological processes for functional and molecular imaging I
9.7. Biological processes for functional and molecular imaging II.
"Version: 20191101"--Title page verso.
Includes bibliographical references.
Title from PDF title page (viewed on December 9, 2019).
Winder, Jon, 1942- author.
Institute of Physics (Great Britain), publisher.
Other format:
Print version:
Publisher Number:
10.1088/978-0-7503-2148-8 doi
Access Restriction:
Restricted for use by site license.
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