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Principles of biophotonics. Volume 2, Light emission, detection, and statistics / Gabriel Popescu.

Author/Creator:
Popescu, Gabriel, 1971- author.
Publication:
Bristol [England] (Temple Circus, Temple Way, Bristol BS1 6HG, UK) : IOP Publishing, [2020]
Format/Description:
Book
1 online resource (various pagings) : illustrations (some color).
Series:
IPEM-IOP series in physics and engineering in medicine and biology
IOP ebooks. 2020 collection.
IPEM-IOP series in physics and engineering in medicine and biology
IOP ebooks. [2020 collection]
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Other Title:
Light emission, detection, and statistics.
Subjects:
Biophotometry.
Photonics -- Industrial applications.
Photonics -- Therapeutic use.
Biomedical engineering.
Medical subjects:
Biomedical Engineering.
Optical Phenomena.
Light.
Optical Imaging.
Optics and Photonics -- methods.
System Details:
Mode of access: World Wide Web.
System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader, EPUB reader, or Kindle reader.
Biography/History:
Gabriel Popescu is a Professor in Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He received his PhD in Optics in 2002 from the School of Optics/ CREOL (now the College of Optics and Photonics), University of Central Florida. He continued his training with the late Michael Feld at MIT, working as a postdoctoral associate. He joined Illinois in August 2007 where he directs the Quantitative Light Imaging Laboratory (QLI Lab) at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology. Aside from Principles of Biophotonics, he has authored another book on quantitative phase imaging, edited another book on nanobiophotonics, authored 170 journal publications, 220 conference presentations, 32 patents, and given 220 lecture/plenary/invited talks. He founded Phi Optics, Incorporated, a start-up company that commercializes quantitative phase imaging technology. He is a Fellow of OSA and SPIE and Senior member of IEEE.
Summary:
This Volume 2 of Principles of Biophotonics continues to pour the foundation on which the next five volumes of optics and three volumes of methods will be built. While Volume 1 covered the mathematical apparatus to be used throughout the book, Volume 2 describes the emission, detection, and statistical representation of optical fields. The book starts by placing the visible spectrum in the context of the electromagnetic frequency range. This presentation stresses how thin of a sliver one normally calls the 'optical' spectrum. And, yet, so much can be accomplished within this narrow range of frequencies. To be able to describe properties of light with technical accuracy, the most common radiometric quantities that the reader is bound to encounter in subsequent volumes are introduced. Although the conversion to photon-based quantities is straightforward, it is presented explicitly, to avoid any confusion. For completeness, an analogy to the photometric quantities of light is drawn as well. Each chapter also contains a set of practice problems and additional references. Part of Series in Physics and Engineering in Medicine and Biology.
Contents:
1. Electromagnetic fields
1.1. Regions of the electromagnetic spectrum
1.2. Spectral absorption of water
1.3. Spectral absorption of hemoglobin
1.4. Problems
2. Radiometric properties of light
2.1. Energy
2.2. Energy density
2.3. Power
2.4. Temporal power spectrum
2.5. Intensity : spatial power spectrum
2.6. Irradiance
2.7. Spectral irradiance
2.8. Radiance
2.9. Spectral radiance
2.10. Exitance
2.11. Spectral exitance
2.12. Problems
3. Photon-based radiometric quantities
3.1. Number of photons
3.2. Photon density
3.3. Photon flux
3.4. Photon temporal power spectrum
3.5. Photon intensity
3.6. Photon irradiance
3.7. Photon spectral irradiance
3.8. Photon radiance
3.9. Photon spectral radiance
3.10. Photon exitance
3.11. Photon spectral exitance
3.12. Problems
4. Photometric properties of light
4.1. Luminous energy
4.2. Luminous flux
4.3. Luminous energy density
4.4. Luminous intensity
4.5. Illuminance
4.6. Luminance
4.7. Problems
5. Fluorescence
5.1. Jablonski diagram
5.2. Emission spectra
5.3. Rate equations
5.4. Quantum yield
5.5. Fluorescence lifetime
5.6. Quenching
5.7. Problems
6. Black body radiation
6.1. Planck's radiation formula
6.2. Wien's displacement law
6.3. Stefan-Boltzmann law
6.4. Asymptotic behaviors of Planck's formula
6.5. Einstein's derivation of Planck's formula
6.6. Problems
7. LASER : light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation
7.1. Population inversion, optical resonator, and narrow band radiation
7.2. Gain
7.3. Spectral line broadening
7.4. Threshold for laser oscillation
7.5. Laser kinetics
7.6. Gain saturation
7.7. Problems
8. Classification of optical detectors
8.1. Waves and photons
8.2. Photon detectors
8.3. Thermal detectors
8.4. Problems
9. Statistics of optical detection
9.1. Probabilities
9.2. Continuous random variables
9.3. Moments of a distribution
9.4. Common probability distributions
9.5. Problems
10. Detection noise
10.1. Mechanisms of noise generation
10.2. Spatio-temporal noise description
10.3. Noise contributions
10.4. Problems
11. Figures of merit of optical detectors
11.1. Quantum efficiency
11.2. Responsivity
11.3. Signal to noise ratio
11.4. Saturation
11.5. Dynamic range
11.6. Noise-equivalent power
11.7. Detectivity
11.8. Gain
11.9. Dark current
11.10. Spatial and temporal sampling : aliasing
11.11. Problems
12. Semiconductor materials
12.1. Insulators and conductors
12.2. Covalent bonds in semiconductor crystals
12.3. Energy band structure
12.4. Carrier distribution
12.5. Doping
12.6. Electron-hole pair generation by absorption of light
12.7. P-N junction
12.8. Problems
13. Photon detectors
13.1. The p-n junction photodiode
13.2. Photoconductive detectors
13.3. Photoemission detectors
13.4. Problems
14. Thermal detectors
14.1. Principle of photothermal detection
14.2. Noise in thermal detectors
14.3. Bolometers
14.4. Pyroelectric detectors
14.5. Problems
15. Statistics of optical fields
15.1. Optical fields as random variables
15.2. Spatiotemporal correlation function
15.3. Ergodic hypothesis
15.4. Stationarity and statistical homogeneity
15.5. Wiener-Khintchine theorem
15.6. Spatial correlations of monochromatic light
15.7. Temporal correlations of plane waves
15.8. Spatially-dependent coherence time and temporally-dependent coherence area
15.9. Problems.
Notes:
"Version: 20191101"--Title page verso.
Includes bibliographical references.
Title from PDF title page (viewed on December 9, 2019).
Contributor:
Institute of Physics (Great Britain), publisher.
Other format:
Print version:
ISBN:
9780750316446
9780750316439
9780750316422
OCLC:
1130295080
Publisher Number:
10.1088/978-0-7503-1644-6 doi
Access Restriction:
Restricted for use by site license.