Franklin

The Chinese Neolithic : Trajectories to Early States.

Author/Creator:
Liu, Li.
Publication:
Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2005.
Format/Description:
Book
1 online resource (330 pages)
Series:
New Studies in Archaeology
New Studies in Archaeology
Status/Location:
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Subjects:
Neolithic period -- China.
Form/Genre:
Electronic books.
Summary:
Examination of the transformation of chiefdom societies in Neolithic China drawing on detailed archaeological data.
Contents:
Cover
Half-title
Series-title
Title
Copyright
Dedication
CONTENTS
ILLUSTRATIONS
TABLES
PREFACE
1 Setting the scene
Constructing the Longshan culture in archaeology
Longshan culture and constructing national history
The discovery of Longshan culture and nationalism
Longshan culture and a changing view of national history
Longshan culture in legendary history
Evolutionary approaches to the study of Longshan culture
Evolutionary models in Chinese archaeology
Constructing a cultural-social evolutionary scheme for China
Alternative research strategies
The scope of the book
2 The changing environmental contexts of Chinas first complex societies
Geographic settings
Reconstruction of paleoenvironment and cultural development
Problems with the reconstruction of paleoenvironment
Paleoclimate and cultural development
Conclusion
3 Household subsistence and ritual
Introduction
Household activities: a general survey
Gender and functional segmentation in household activities
Material possessions in the household
Household ritual feasting
Case studies
Human sacrifice
A house at Kangjia
Features: houses, pits and burials2
Artifacts
Faunal remains
Implications of Kangjia archaeological remains
Environment and ecology
Subsistence and diet
Social activities
Hunting and warfare
Ritual paraphernalia: turtle shells
Divinational implements: oracle bones
Ritual feasting
Summary
Conclusions
4 Spatial organization and social relations in communities
Introduction
Spatial orders of settlements in the Neolithic period
Peiligang culture (ca. 7000-5000 BC)
Early Yangshao culture (ca. 5000-4000 BC)
Middle Yangshao culture (ca. 4000-3500 BC)
Late Yangshao culture (ca. 3500-3000 BC).
Settlement organization in the late Neolithic period
Architectural forms
Settlement organization
Summary
Discussion and conclusions
Building form, settlement layout, and residential segregation
Control of resources, craft specialization, and social inequality
Monumental construction and social organization
5 Community burial patterns
Introduction
Alternative approaches to Neolithic burial patterns
Ancestral cults
Social stratification
Regional variability in burial patterns
The Central Plains
Lower Yellow River region
Upper Yellow River region
Discussion
Social hierarchy in kin-based societies
Ritual paraphernalia and ritual power
Conclusion
6 Development and decline of complex societies in the Central Plains
Introduction
Methods
Data
Regional settlement patterns
Early Neolithic period: the Peiligang culture
Middle Neolithic period: the Yangshao culture
Late Neolithic period: the Longshan culture
Social complexity in less-circumscribed regions
Settlement patterns and social organization
Mono-centered centripetal Longshan regional systems
Multi-centered competing regional systems
Discussion and conclusions
7 Development and decline of social complexity beyond the Central Plains
Introduction
Regional settlement patterns in Shandong
Houli, Beixin, and Dawenkou settlements
Longshan settlements
Yueshi settlements
Regional settlement patterns in Central Shaanxi
Laoguantai and Yangshao settlements
Longshan settlements
Changing settlement patterns
Settlement patterns and social organization: a comparison
The Shandong region
The central Shaanxi region
Discussion and conclusions
8 Trajectories toward early states
Introduction: from chiefdoms to states
The Erlitou culture - searching for the Xia dynasty.
Origins of the Erlitou culture
The development of the Erlitou urban core area
Erlitou expansion to the periphery
Socio-political transition from Longshan to Erlitou
The Erlitou world-system
The Proto-Shang culture
Conclusions
9 Reconstructing social processes
Introduction
Development of social hierarchy and integration
Administrative hierarchy, population growth, and territorial expansion
Residential and mortuary segregations
Strategies for controlling resources
Dynamics of social change
Geographic configurations and cultural-social interaction
Social economic systems
Political orientations
Ritual power
Leadership strategies and trajectories to social complexity
Conclusions and further research questions
NOTES
1 APPENDIXES
Appendixes 1 Tool types associated with Neolithic burial
Appendixes 7 Distribution in grave size (in sq. m) and number of grave goods from Neolithic burials
Appendixes 8 Summary of central places in the Neolithic and Erlitou periods
REFERENCES
INDIX.
Notes:
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources.
Local notes:
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2021. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.
Contributor:
Renfrew, Lord Colin.
Ashmore, Wendy.
Gamble, Clive.
O'Shea, John.
Other format:
Print version: Liu, Li The Chinese Neolithic
ISBN:
9780511206597
9780521811842
OCLC:
71423727