Migrant Labour in South Africa's Mining Economy : The Struggle for the Gold Mines' Labour Supply, 1890-1920.
- Montreal : McGill-Queen's University Press, 1985.
1 online resource (338 pages)
- Blacks -- Employment -- South Africa.
Gold mines and mining -- South Africa.
Migrant labor -- South Africa.
South Africa -- Economic policy.
- Electronic books.
- This book is a study of the origins of migratory labour and racial discrimination in South Africa's premier industry, the gold mines of the Witwatersrand. Based upon government records and private business archives, it examines the highly competitive world of mine labour recruiting at the turn of the century and concludes that this regimented labour system was the product not only of the mining companies but also of political pressures and economic needs in South African society. The systerm was remarkable for the hardship it imposed, for the size of the labour force recruited - more than 200,000 low-wage black labourers were delivered annually to the industry's grim, barrack-like compounds - and for the fact that most of the workers were African pastoralists without previous industrial experience. Forced to work in appalling conditions amid much squalor and disease, more than 50,000 miners died on the Witwatersrand in a single decade.
PART ONE: Foundations, 1890-1910
1 Mining Capital and the State under Kruger and Milner
2 Toward a Racial Division of Labour on the Witwatersrand
PART TWO: The System at Work
3 The Making of a Labour Pool: Recruiting in the Eastern Cape
4 The Native Recruiting Corporation and Its Rivals
5 The Recruiting Nexus: Touts, Headmen, and Their Recruits
PART THREE: Mine Labour in the Subcontinental Economy
6 The WNLA'S Mozambique Connection
7 Tropical Recruiting and the Bid for the Labour of the Hinterland
1 Average Number of Africans Employed on Mines and Works, Transvaal, 1903-20
2 Mineworkers Received, 1902-20
3 "Voluntary" Labour on Transvaal Gold Mines, 1905-20
4 Territorial Analysis of Desertion, 1909-20
- Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources.
- Local notes:
- Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2021. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.
- Other format:
- Print version: Jeeves, Alan H. Migrant Labour in South Africa's Mining Economy
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