Electricity Requirements for a Digital Society.
- Other records:
- Santa Monica : RAND Corporation, The, 2002.
1 online resource (173 pages)
- Telecommunication systems -- Power supply.
Electric power consumption -- United States -- Forecasting.
- Electronic books.
- Increasing use of the Internet and other information and communications technologies (ICTs) marks a U.S. transition toward a "digital society" that may profoundly affect electricity supply, demand and delivery. RAND developed four 20-year scenarios of ICT evolution (2001?2021) for the U.S. Department of Energy and assessed their implications for future U.S. electricity requirements. Increased power consumption by ICT equipment is the most direct and visible effect, but not necessarily the most important. Over time, the effects that ICTs have on energy management, e-commerce, telework, and related trends will likely be much more consequential. Even large growth in the deployment and use of digital technologies will only modestly increase U.S. electricity use over the next two decades. The more pressing concern for an emerging digital society will be how to provide the higher-quality and more-reliable power that ICTs demand.
ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
Chapter One INTRODUCTION
1.1 INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES AND ENERGY IN A DIGITAL SOCIETY
1.2 REPORT OBJECTIVES, SCOPE, AND ORGANIZATION
Chapter Two APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY
2.1 WHY CREATE SCENARIOS?
2.2 APPROACH TO DEVELOPING ICT SCENARIOS
2.3 ICT DRIVING FACTORS
2.4 DATA, ASSUMPTIONS, AND UNCERTAINITIES IN THE SCENARIOS
Chapter Three INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY SCENARIOS
3.1 OVERVIEW OF SCENARIOS
3.2 COMMON 2001-2006 SCENARIO
3.2.1 Ownership and Use of ICT Devices
3.2.2 E-Commerce and Other ICT Applications
3.2.3 ICT Issues in 2006
3.3 REFERENCE SCENARIO
3.3.1 Ownership and Use of ICT Devices
3.3.2 E-Commerce and Other ICT Applications
3.3.3 ICT Issues in 2021
3.4 ZAIBATSU SCENARIO
3.4.1 ICT Applications and Usage
3.4.2 ICT Issues in 2021
3.5 CYBERTOPIA SCENARIO
3.5.1 ICT Applications and Usage
3.5.2 ICT Issues in 2021
3.6 NET INSECURITY SCENARIO
3.6.1 ICT Applications and Usage
3.7.1 Technology Adoption Takes Place over Decades
3.6.2 ICT Issues in 2021
3.7 COMPARING THE SCENARIOS
3.7.2 Contradictory Trends Proceed Simultaneously
3.7.3 Unplanned, Mostly Unintended Consequences Dominate the Long-Term Effects of Technology
Chapter Four IMPLICATIONS OF THE SCENARIOS FOR U.S. ELECTRICITY USE
4.1 HOW ICT INFLUENCES ELECTRICITY AND OTHER ENERGY USE
4.2 ELECTRICITY USE IN THE RESIDENTIAL SECTOR, 2001-2021
4.2.1 Residential Electricity Use by ICT Equipment
4.2.2 Electricity Savings from ICT-Facilitated Energy Management in Residences
4.2.3 Changes in Residential Electricity Use from Telework
4.2.4 Summing Up: ICT-Driven Residential Electricity Use, 2001-2021.
4.3 ELECTRICITY USE IN THE COMMERCIAL SECTOR, 2001-2021
4.3.1 Commercial Electricity Use by ICT Equipment
4.3.2 Electricity Savings from ICT-Facilitated Energy Management in Commercial Buildings
4.3.3 Changes in Commercial Electricity Use from E-Commerce
4.3.4 Changes in Commercial Sector Electricity Use from Telework
4.3.5 Summing Up: ICT-Driven Commercial Electricity Use, 2001-2021
4.4 ELECTRICITY USE IN THE INDUSTRIAL SECTOR, 2001-2021
4.4.1 Industrial Electricity Use by ICT Equipment
4.4.2 Changes in Electricity Consumption from ICT Process Control
4.4.3 Electricity Savings from ICT-Facilitated Energy Management in Industrial Buildings
4.4.4 Changes in Industrial Electricity Use from E-Commerce
4.4.5 Changes in Industrial Electricity Use from Telework
4.4.6 Summing Up: ICT-Driven Industrial Electricity Use, 2001-2021
4.5 PROJECTED ELECTRICITY USE IN THE RESIDENTIAL, COMMERCIAL, AND INDUSTRIAL SECTORS, 2001-2021
Chapter Five IMPLICATIONS OF THE SCENARIOS FOR THE U.S. ELECTRICITY SYSTEM
5.1 ASSURING POWER QUALITY AND RELIABILITY FOR DIGITAL DEVICES
5.2 USING ICT TO IMPROVE GRID RELIABILITY AND OPERATIONS
5.3 USING ICT TO SUPPORT DISTRIBUTED GENERATION AND STORAGE
5.4 REDUCING VULNERABILITY OF ICT AND ELECTRICITY INFRASTRUCTURES
Chapter Six CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
6.1 ALIGNING EERE PROGRAMS AND PLANNING WITH ANTICIPATED ICT DEVELOPMENTS
6.2 IMPROVING ELECTRICITY PROJECTIONS INVOLVING ICT
6.3 IMPROVING ICT SCENARIOS FOR ENERGY PLANNING AND FORECASTING
Appendix A INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY SCENARIO MATRIX
Appendix B ICT-RELATED ELECTRICITY USE PROJECTIONS
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- Local notes:
- Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2021. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.
- Hassell, Scott.
- Other format:
- Print version: Baer, Walter Electricity Requirements for a Digital Society
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