Franklin

Rhetoric vs. Reality : What We Know and What We Need To Know About Vouchers and Charter Schools.

Author/Creator:
Timpane, Michael.
Publication:
Santa Monica : RAND Corporation, The, 2001.
Format/Description:
Book
1 online resource (293 pages)
Edition:
1st ed.
Status/Location:
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Subjects:
Educational vouchers.
Charter schools.
School choice.
Educational vouchers -- United States.
Charter schools -- United States.
School choice -- United States.
Form/Genre:
Electronic books.
Summary:
How can the education of our nation's children be improved? Vouchers and charter schools aim to improve education by providing families with more choice in the schooling of their children and by decentralizing the provision of educational services. While supporters argue that school choice is essential to rescue children from failing schools, opponents claim that it may destroy America's public education system. The authors undertake an exhaustive and critical view of the evidence on vouchers and charter schools. The book is a useful, unbiased primer for all those interested in this controversial topic.
Contents:
Intro
PREFACE
SUMMARY
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
Chapter One FAMILY CHOICE AND THE COMMON SCHOOL
THE MOVEMENT FOR CHOICE IN EDUCATION
COMMON FEATURES OF VOUCHER AND CHARTER SCHOOLS
Admission by Choice
Market Accountability
Autonomous, Nongovernment Operation
PUBLIC POLICY AND PRIVATE CHOICE: A NOTE ON THE SCOPE OF OUR INQUIRY
CHALLENGING THE COMMON SCHOOL MODEL
The Common School Model
The Challenge
Private" or "Public"?
DEFINING THE RELEVANT EMPIRICAL ISSUES
Academic Achievement
Choice
Access
Integration
Civic Socialization
VALUES AND KNOWLEDGE IN THE SCHOOL-CHOICE DEBATE
SUMMARY: KEY POLICY QUESTIONS IN BRIEF
Chapter Two VOUCHERS AND CHARTERS IN POLICY AND PRACTICE
POLICY-DESIGN DIMENSIONS COMMON TO VOUCHER AND CHARTER PROGRAMS
Regulatory Dimensions
Financing Dimensions
Examples of Regulatory and Financing Differences
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN VOUCHER AND CHARTER PROGRAMS
Public Accountability
Religion
Participation of Existing Private Schools
Funding
EDUCATION TAX SUBSIDIES
SAMPLE VOUCHER AND CHARTER POLICIES
Sample Voucher Programs
Sample Charter Laws
Universal-Choice Systems of Autonomous Schools
CHARACTERISTICS OF VOUCHER AND CHARTER SCHOOLS
Enrollment, School Size, and Pupil-Teacher Ratio
Grade-Level Configuration
Teachers
Program Content
Complementary Programs and Resources
SUMMARY
Chapter Three ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT
THEORETICAL ARGUMENTS
EFFECTS ON STUDENTS IN VOUCHER AND CHARTER SCHOOLS
Methodological Issues
Evidence from Voucher Programs
Evidence from Charter Schools
Evidence from School Choice in Other Contexts
Literature on Public and Private Schools
Final Thoughts on Achievement in Voucher and Charter Schools
EFFECTS ON STUDENTS REMAINING IN ASSIGNED PUBLIC SCHOOLS.
Systemic Effects of Vouchers
Systemic Effects of Charter Schools
Studies of Interdistrict and Public-Private Competition
WHAT IS NOT YET KNOWN ABOUT ACADEMIC OUTCOMES
Chapter Four CHOICE
THEORETICAL ARGUMENTS
DEMAND FOR CHOICE
Extent of Choice in the Current System
Demand for Existing Voucher and Charter Programs*
SUPPLY OF AUTONOMOUS SCHOOLS
Existing Empirical Evidence
Constraints on Supply
PARENTAL SATISFACTION IN AUTONOMOUS SCHOOLS
Parental Satisfaction in Voucher Schools
Parental Satisfaction in Charter Schools
A Concluding Note on Parental Satisfaction
SUMMARY
Chapter Five ACCESS
THEORETICAL ARGUMENTS
WHO USES VOUCHERS?
Family Income of Voucher Students
Race and Ethnicity of Voucher Students
Prior Academic Achievement of Voucher Students
Education Level of Voucher Parents
Vouchers and Students with Disabilities
WHO ATTENDS CHARTER SCHOOLS?
Charter Schools and Children in Poverty
Race and Ethnicity of Charter-School Students
Prior Academic Achievement of Charter-School Students
Charter Schools and Students with Disabilities
SUMMARY
Chapter Six INTEGRATION
THE HISTORY OF CHOICE AND THE RACIAL POLITICS OF SCHOOLING
THEORETICAL ARGUMENTS
CONCEPTUAL AND MEASUREMENT ISSUES
INTEGRATION IN EXISTING VOUCHER AND CHARTER PROGRAMS
Integration in Voucher Schools
Integration in Charter Schools
EVIDENCE FROM OTHER CONTEXTS
How Do Families Choose?
Unrestricted-Choice and Open-Enrollment Plans
Controlled Choice and the Importance of Policy Details
UNRESOLVED COMPLEXITIES AND TENSIONS
Between-School versus Within-School Integration
Integration in School versus Residential Integration
Targeting versus Integration in Charter Schools
Quality of Integration
Choice, Integration, and Social Trust
SUMMARY.
Chapter Seven CIVIC SOCIALIZATION
HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
Historic Roots of the Democratic Purposes of Public Schools
Civic Socialization in the 21st Century
THEORETICAL ARGUMENTS CONCERNING CIVIC SOCIALIZATION AND CHOICE
Arguments in Favor of Vouchers and Charters
Arguments in Favor of Conventional Public Schools
EMPIRICAL FINDINGS
What Is Civic Socialization?
Evidence from Existing Voucher and Charter Schools
Civic Socialization in Public and Private Schools
Civic Socialization in Catholic Schools
SUMMARY
Chapter Eight CONCLUSIONS AND POLICY IMPLICATIONS
ASSESSING THE CHALLENGE
SUMMARIZING THE EVIDENCE
What Is Known
What Is Not Known
What Could Be Known
What Might Be Learned Through a Grand Experiment
A Note on Cost
IMPLICATIONS FOR LARGE-SCALE CHOICE PROGRAMS
CONSIDERATIONS IN POLICY DESIGN
How Might Policymakers Maximize the Likelihood That Voucher/Charter Schools Will Be Academically Effective?
How Might Policymakers Maximize the Likelihood That Systemic Effects on Nonchoosers Will Be Positive Rather than Negative?
How Can Policymakers Ensure That a Substantial Number of Autonomous Schools Will Be Available?
How Can Policymakers Ensure That Autonomous Schools Will Serve Low-Income and Special-Needs Children?
How Can Policymakers Promote Integration in Programs of Autonomous Schooling?
How Can Policymakers Ensure That Voucher/Charter Schools Will Effectively Socialize Their Students to Become Responsible Citizens of the American Democracy?
FINAL THOUGHTS
REFERENCES.
Notes:
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources.
Contributor:
Brewer, Dominic.
Gill, Brian.
Ross, Karen E.
Other format:
Print version: Timpane, Michael Rhetoric vs. Reality
ISBN:
9780833032553
9780833027658
OCLC:
936892199