Franklin

Rise of Political Islam in Turkey.

Author/Creator:
Rabasa, Angel.
Publication:
Santa Monica : RAND Corporation, The, 2008.
Format/Description:
Book
1 online resource (134 pages)
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Subjects:
Islam and politics -- Turkey.
Islam and state -- Turkey.
Islam -- Turkey -- History.
Form/Genre:
Electronic books.
Summary:
As a Muslim-majority country that is also a secular democratic state, a member of NATO, a candidate for membership in the European Union, a long-standing U.S. ally, and the host of Incirlik Air Base (a key hub for logistical support missions in Afghanistan and Iraq), Turkey is pivotal to U.S. and Western security interests in a critical area of the world. It also provides an example of the coexistence of Islam with secular democracy, globalization, and modernity. However, having a ruling party with Islamic roots-the Justice and Development Party (AKP)-within a framework of strict secularism has generated controversy over the boundaries between secularity and religion in the public sphere. This monograph describes the politico-religious landscape in Turkey and the relationship between the state and religion, and it evaluates how the balance between secular and religious forces-and between the Kemalist elites and new emerging social groups-has changed over the past decade. The study also assesses the new challenges and opportunities for U.S. policy in the changed Turkish political environment and identifies specific actions the United States may take to advance the U.S. interest in a stable, democratic, and friendly Turkey and, more broadly, in the worldwide dissemination of liberal and pluralistic interpretations of Islam.
Contents:
Cover
Preface
Contents
Figures and Table
Summary
Acknowledgments
Acronyms and Abbreviations
CHAPTER ONE Introduction
Politics and Religion in Turkey
Structure of the Report
CHAPTER TWO The Islamic Landscape in Turkey
Religion, Ethnicity, and Politics
The Management of Islam
Sufi Brotherhoods
Religious Movements
Islamic Foundations
Shi'ites and Alevis
Turkish Attitudes Toward Religion
The Violent Fringe
Turks in Europe
CHAPTER THREE The Rise of Political Islam in Turkey
The Impact of the Kemalist Revolution
The Advent of Multiparty Democracy
The "Turkish-Islamic Synthesis"
The Impact of the Özal Reforms
The Rise of the Religious Right
Political Islam in Power: The Welfare Interlude
The Impact of the February 28 Process
The Ascendency of the AKP
The July 22, 2007, Election
CHAPTER FOUR The AKP in Power
The Reconfiguration of Turkish Politics
The AKP: A New Synthesis or Islamism in Disguise?
"Green Money"
The Headscarf Controversy
The Imam-Hatip Schools Controversy
Non-Muslim Minorities Under AKP Rule
The AKP and the Kurds
The AKP and the Military
The AKP's Uncertain Future
CHAPTER FIVE The AKP's Foreign Policy
Relations with Europe
Relations with Greece
Relations with the United States
Relations with Russia
Relations with the Middle East
CHAPTER SIX Future Prospects and Implications
Whither Turkey: Alternative Political Futures
Scenario 1: The AKP Pursues a Moderate, EU-Oriented Path
Scenario 2: Creeping Islamization
Scenario 3: Judicial Closing of the AKP
Scenario 4: Military Intervention
Implications for U.S. Policy
Foreign Policy and Bilateral Issues
The PKK and the Kurdish Issue
Bibliography.
Notes:
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources.
Local notes:
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2021. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.
Contributor:
Larrabee, Stephen F.
Larrabee, Stephen F.
Other format:
Print version: Rabasa, Angel Rise of Political Islam in Turkey
ISBN:
9780833045317
9780833044570
OCLC:
259715689