Franklin

Standards-Based Accountability Under No Child Left Behind : Experiences of Teachers and Administrators in Three States.

Author/Creator:
Hamilton, Laura S.
Publication:
Santa Monica : RAND Corporation, The, 2007.
Format/Description:
Book
1 online resource (303 pages)
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Subjects:
United States. -- No Child Left Behind Act of 2001.
Educational accountability -- California.
Educational accountability -- Georgia.
Educational accountability -- Pennsylvania.
Education -- Standards -- California.
Education -- Standards -- Georgia.
Education -- Standards -- Pennsylvania.
Form/Genre:
Electronic books.
Summary:
Since 2001-2002, standards-based accountability (SBA) provisions of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) have shaped the work of public school teachers and administrators in the United States. NCLB requires each state to develop content and achievement standards in several subjects, administer tests to measure students' progress toward these standards, develop targets for performance on these tests, and impose a series of interventions on schools and districts that do not meet the targets. Many states had such systems in place before NCLB took effect, but, since 2001-2002, every state in the United States has had to develop and implement an SBA system that met the requirements of the law, and its provisions have affected every public school and district in the nation. This book sheds light on how accountability policies have influenced attitudes and been translated into actions at the district, school, and classroom levels in three states, with a focus on mathematics and science. SBA is leading to an increased emphasis on student achievement, and many educators laud this focus, but a single-minded emphasis on student proficiency on tests has some potentially negative consequences such as narrowing curriculum and declining staff morale.
Contents:
Cover
Preface
Contents
Figures
Tables
Summary
Acknowledgments
Chapter One - Introduction
Standards-Based Accountability
Evidence Concerning SBA Effectiveness
How SBA Is Supposed to Work
District and School Responses to Accountability
Classroom Practice
Opinions and Attitudes
Barriers and Capacity
Evidence Concerning No Child Left Behind
How the Monograph Is Organized
Chapter Two - Study Design and Methods
Sampling
Instrumentation
Data Collection
Analyses
Technical Notes
Chapter Three - SBA Systems in California, Georgia, and Pennsylvania
Introduction
Prior Accountability Systems
State Academic Content Standards
State Testing Programs
Adequate Yearly Progress Definitions
AYP Status of Schools
Specific AYP Targets Missed by Schools
State Awards
State Technical Assistance
Implementing NCLB's Highly Qualified Teacher Provisions
Summary
Chapter Four - Educators' Opinions About Standards, Assessments, and Accountability
State Content Standards
State Assessments
Adequate Yearly Progress
The Effects of Accountability
Summary
Chapter Five - School and District Improvement Strategies
School Improvement Strategies
Data-Based Decisionmaking
Curriculum and Instructional Alignment
Activities Targeting Low-Performing Students
Other School Improvement Strategies
District and State Technical Assistance
Summary
Chapter Six - Instructional Practices Related to Standards and Assessments
Changes in Time Spent on Tested and Nontested Subjects
Alignment of Instruction with State Standards and Assessments
Effects of State Tests on Practices
Instructional Activities in Mathematics and Science
Summary
Chapter Seven - Perceived Barriers to School Improvement
Funding
Instructional Resources
Staffing.
Skills and Knowledge
Professional Development
Instructional and Planning Time
Conditions Outside of School
Students with Special Needs or Limited English Proficiency
Changes in Policy and Leadership
Summary
Chapter Eight - Conclusions and Implications
Key Findings
Implications
Conclusions
Appendix A - Sampling and Survey Responses
Appendix B - Supplementary Tables
Appendix C - Superintendent, Principal, and Teacher Surverys
References.
Notes:
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources.
Local notes:
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2021. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.
Contributor:
Stecher, Brian M.
Marsh, Julie A.
Other format:
Print version: Hamilton, Laura S. Standards-Based Accountability Under No Child Left Behind
ISBN:
9780833042705
9780833041494
OCLC:
184844069