Franklin

Assessing the Value of U.S. Army International Activities.

Author/Creator:
Marquis, Jefferson P.
Publication:
Santa Monica : RAND Corporation, The, 2006.
Format/Description:
Book
1 online resource (173 pages)
Edition:
1st ed.
Series:
Rand Corporation Monograph
Rand Corporation Monograph
Status/Location:
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Subjects:
United States. -- Army -- Foreign service.
Military policy -- International cooperation.
Military assistance, American.
Security, International.
Military art and science -- International cooperation.
United States -- Military relations -- Foreign countries.
Form/Genre:
Electronic books.
Summary:
A number of important steps have been taken in recent years to improve the planning and management of Army International Activities (AIA). Still, a need remains, and is widely recognized, for a high-level assessment mechanism to allocate AIA resources more efficiently, execute AIA programs more effectively, and highlight the contributions of AIA to the National Military Strategy, the DoD Security Cooperation Guidance, and The Army Plan. This report presents a framework for assessing the value of the Army’s non-combat interactions with other militaries. It provides an overview of AIA programs and establishes their connection to the U.S. government’s current strategy for security cooperation. It also provides a matrix of eight AIA “ends,” derived from top-level national and Army guidance, and eight AIA “ways,” which summarize the various capabilities inherent in AIA programs. Next, the report presents a method for linking AIA “ends” and “ways” that involves a theoretical rationale for security cooperation, selection criteria for AIA “output” and “outcome” indicators, and related measures of performance and effectiveness. The report also describes the new online AIA Knowledge Sharing System (AIAKSS) that is being used to solicit programmatic and assessment data from AIA officials in the Army’s Major Commands. In addition, the report includes the results of three test cases-involving the Army Medical Department, the National Guard Bureau, and U.S. Army South-that helped to identify potential problems in evaluating AIA and to suggest improvements in the proposed AIA assessment mechanism. Finally, the report contains an extensive list of “output” and “outcome” indicators that have been reviewed by AIA officials throughout the Army.
Contents:
Cover
Preface
Contents
Figures
Tables
Summary
Acknowledgments
Acronyms
Chapter One - Introduction
Security Cooperation and U.S. Army InternationalActivities
Overview of U.S. Government Security CooperationPlanning
System for Measuring AIA Effectiveness
Organization of the Document
Chapter Two - Measuring the Performance of Government Programs
Federal Measurement Requirements
Purposes of Performance Measurement
Applying Performance Measurement to SecurityCooperation
Major Army Commands
Regional Combatant Commands
Principles of AIA Assessment
Measure Effectiveness as Well as Performance
Emphasize Quality over Quantity in Developing Measures
Establish Linkages Between Outputs, Outcomes, and Objectives
Obtain Buy-In from Program Officials
Continue to Refine the Performance Measurement Process
Recognize the Limits of Performance Measurement
The Way Forward
Chapter Three - AIA Ends and Ways
A Method for Deriving Objectives
Some General Principles for AIA Ends
Specific Guidance for AIA Ends
Eight Ends of Army International Activities
End 1: Ensure Access
End 2: Improve Interoperability
End 3: Improve Non-Military Cooperation
End 4: Promote U.S. and Allied Transformation
End 5: Establish New Relationships with Potential Partners
End 6: Assure Allies of U.S. Commitments
End 7: Promote Stability and Democracy
End 8: Improve Defense Capabilities of Allies and Partners
Are Certain Ends Missing?
AIA Ways
Organizing Principles Behind the Categorization of Ways
Education and Training
Military-to-Military Contacts
Military-to-Military Personnel Exchanges
Standing Forums
Military Exercises
International Support Arrangements and Treaty Compliance
Materiel Transfer and Technical Training.
Research, Development, Testing, and Evaluation
Ends-Ways Matrix
Chapter Four - Linking Ways to Ends
Theoretical Approach to Establishing Linkages
Exchange Linkages
Socialization Linkages
Background Conditions
From Linkages to Indicators
Exchanges and Outputs
Socialization and Outcomes
Practical Approach to Developing Indicators
Guidelines for Identifying Indicators
Candidate Indicators for Outputs and Outcomes
Transforming Indicators into Measures
Chapter Five - Army International Activities Knowledge Sharing System
Practical Concerns
Strategy for Building AIAKSS
Access
Data Storage
Data Collection
Measurement Indicators
Data Collation and Data Search
Untitled
Detailed Description of AIAKSS
AIAKSS Users
AIAKSS Functions
AIAKSS Structure
AIAKSS Issues
Which Programs Should Be Assessed?
Who Should Provide AIA Program Information?
How Should Assessment Data Be Aggregated?
How Should Measurement Targets Be Set?
Integrating AIAKSS into the DoD Assessment Realm
Conclusion
Chapter Six - AIA Test Cases
Introduction
U.S. Army Medical Department
AMEDD and Army International Activities
Organization of AIA Within AMEDD
Metrics and Indicators
Funding Information
Key Insights
National Guard Bureau State Partnership Program
Current Assessment
Funding
AIAKSS Test
Key Insights
U.S. Army South
Key Insights
Conclusion
Chapter Seven - Concluding Observations
AIA Lessons Learned
AIAs Are Highly Diverse
Connecting Individual AIAs to Specific AIA Ends Is Not Easy
Combining Quantitative and Qualitative Data Is Necessary
Inputs Are Not the Key to Assessment
Find Outcomes That Promise to Have an Effect over Time
AIAs Can Have Cross-Cutting Effects
Distinguishing Between Outputs and Outcomes Is Critical.
Knowing When an End Has Been Achieved Is Important
Recognizing Failures and Negative Outcomes of AIAs Is Necessary
Measures Will Need Modification over Time
How Should AIAKSS Information Be Used?
Issues in Applying AIAKSS
Appendix
Bibliography.
Notes:
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources.
Contributor:
Darilek, Richard E.
Castillo, Jasen J.
Thurston, Cathryn Quantic.
Wong, Anny.
Huger, Cynthia.
Mejia, Andrea.
Moroney, Jennifer D.P.
Nichiporuk, Brian.
Steele, Brett.
Other format:
Print version: Marquis, Jefferson P. Assessing the Value of U.S. Army International Activities
ISBN:
9780833042408
9780833038036
OCLC:
367882556