When in their lives do great artists produce their greatest art? Do they strive for creative perfection throughout decades of painstaking and frustrating experimentation, or do they achieve it confidently and decisively, through meticulous planning that yields masterpieces early in their lives? By examining the careers not only of great painters but also of important sculptors, poets, novelists, and movie directors, Old Masters and Young Geniuses offers a profound new understanding of artistic creativity. Using a wide range of evidence, David Galenson demonstrates that there are two fundamentally different approaches to innovation, and that each is associated with a distinct pattern of discovery over a lifetime. Experimental innovators work by trial and error, and arrive at their major contributions gradually, late in life. In contrast, conceptual innovators make sudden breakthroughs by formulating new ideas, usually at an early age. Galenson shows why such artists as Michelangelo, Rembrandt, Cézanne, Jackson Pollock, Virginia Woolf, Robert Frost, and Alfred Hitchcock were experimental old masters, and why Vermeer, van Gogh, Picasso, Herman Melville, James Joyce, Sylvia Plath, and Orson Welles were conceptual young geniuses. He also explains how this changes our understanding of art and its past. Experimental innovators seek, and conceptual innovators find. By illuminating the differences between them, this pioneering book provides vivid new insights into the mysterious processes of human creativity.
Cover Half title Title Copyright Dedication Contents List of Illustrations and Tables Preface Introduction Chapter 1 Theory Experimental and Conceptual Innovators Archetypes Planning, Working, and Stopping Innovation and Age: Old Masters and Young Geniuses Artists, Scholars, and Art Scholars Chapter 2 Measurement Quantifying Artistic Success Prices Textbook Illustrations Examples: Ten Important Modern Painters Retrospective Exhibitions Examples: Ten Important American Painters Museum Collections Museum Exhibition Measuring Careers Chapter 3 Extensions The Spectrum of Approaches Can Artists Change? Anomalies Chapter 4 Implications Masters and Masterpieces The Impressionists' Challenge to the Salon Masterpieces without Masters Contrasting Careers Conflicts The Globalization of Modern Art Chapter 5 Before Modern Art Chapter 6 Beyond Painting Sculptors Poets Novelists Movie Directors Chapter 7 Perspectives Portraits of the Artist as an Experimental or Conceptual Innovator Portraits of the Artist as a Young or Old Innovator Psychologists on the Life Cycles of Creativity Understanding and Increasing Creativity Seekers and Finders Notes Bibliography Index.
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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2021. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.