Franklin

Resource Strategies of Wild Plants.

Author/Creator:
Craine, Joseph M.
Publication:
Princeton : Princeton University Press, 2009.
Format/Description:
Book
1 online resource (291 pages)
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Subjects:
Plant ecology.
Form/Genre:
Electronic books.
Summary:
Over millions of years, terrestrial plants have competed for limited resources, defended themselves against herbivores, and resisted a myriad of environmental stresses. These struggles have helped generate more than a quarter million terrestrial plant species, each possessing a unique strategy for success. Yet, as Resource Strategies of Wild Plants demonstrates, the constraints on plant growth are universal enough that a few survival strategies hold true for all seed-producing plants. This book describes the five major strategies of growth for terrestrial plants, details how plants succeed when resources are scarce, delves into the history of research into plant strategies, and resets the foundational understanding of ecological processes. Drawing from recent findings in plant-herbivore interactions, ecosystem ecology, and evolutionary ecology, Joseph Craine explains how plants attain available nutrients, withstand the immense stresses of drying soils, and flourish in the race for light. He shows that the competition for resources has shaped plant evolution in newly discovered ways, while the scarcity of such resources has affected how plants interact with herbivores, wind, fire, and frost. An understanding of the major resource strategies of wild plants remains central to learning about the ecology of plant communities, global changes in the biosphere, methods for species conservation, and the evolution of life on earth.
Contents:
Cover
Half title
Title
Copyright
Dedication
Contents
Preface
Acknowledgments
Abbreviations
Chapter 1 The Basis for Plant Strategies
Assessing Natural Selection
From Single Traits to Multitrait Strategies
Quantifying Plant Traits and Strategies
Ranking Strategies
Synthesis
Chapter 2 The History of Plant Strategies
Nutrients and the History of Plant Strategies
Grime
Chapin
Tilman
Laying the Foundation of Plant Strategies
Chapter 3 Stress and Disturbance
Defining Stress and Disturbance
Major Causes of Stress and Disturbance
How Herbivory Works
Growth in the Face of Stress and Disturbance
Responding after Stress and Disturbance
The Links to Resource Availability
Summary
Chapter 4 Resource Limitation
The Concept of Single-Resource limitation
History of the Nitrogen Cycle Concept
Pulses or Slow Bleeds?
Primer on the Phosphorus Cycle
Co-limitation in a Post-Liebigian World
Evaluating Costs in a Co-limited World
Trade-offs in Use Efficiency in a Co-limited World
Summary
Chapter 5 Competition for Nutrients and Light
Definitions and Types of Competition
Competition for Nutrients under Uniform Supplies
How Much Root Length?
Interference Competition
Competition for Nutrients under Heterogeneous Supplies
Competition for Light
Synthesis
Chapter 6 Comparing Negative Effects
Comparing Negative Effects
How to Measure the Importance of Stress and Disturbance in Environments
How to Measure the Importance of Stress and Disturbance in the Natural Selection of a Species
Importance of Factors at Low Nutrient Supply
Importance of Factors at High Nutrient Supply
The Relative Importance of Factors
Synthesis
Chapter 7 The Low-Nutrient Strategy
Physiological Traits
Whole-Plant Traits.
Effects on Nitrogen Cycling
Revising the Low-Nutrient Strategy
Significance of Traits in Strategy
Synthesis
Chapter 8 The High-Resource Strategy
The Scope of This Chapter
Physiological Traits
Whole-Plant Traits
Effects on Nutrient Cycling
Revising the High-Resource Strategy
Significance of Traits in Strategy
Why the Race Ends
Synthesis
Chapter 9 The Low-Light Strategy
Physiological Traits
Whole-Plant Traits
Effects on Nutrient Cycling
Traits under High Light
Why These Patterns
The End of the Second Stage of Competition
Synthesis
Chapter 10 The Low-Water and Low-CO2 Strategies
Water
Carbon Dioxide
Summary
Chapter 11 A Synthesis of Plant Strategies
Application and the Way Forward
Genetics, Pleiotropy, and Plasticity
Limitation
Competition
Defense and Herbivory
Mechanisms of Coexistence
Biogeographic Patterns and Invasions
Global Change
Tree of Life
Bibliography
Index.
Notes:
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources.
Local notes:
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2021. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.
Contributor:
Craine, Joseph M. M.
Other format:
Print version: Craine, Joseph M. Resource Strategies of Wild Plants
ISBN:
9781400830640
9780691139128
OCLC:
755413537