Over millions of years, terrestrial plants have competed for limited resources, defended themselves against herbivores, and resisted a myriad of environmental stresses. These struggles have helped generate more than a quarter million terrestrial plant species, each possessing a unique strategy for success. Yet, as Resource Strategies of Wild Plants demonstrates, the constraints on plant growth are universal enough that a few survival strategies hold true for all seed-producing plants. This book describes the five major strategies of growth for terrestrial plants, details how plants succeed when resources are scarce, delves into the history of research into plant strategies, and resets the foundational understanding of ecological processes. Drawing from recent findings in plant-herbivore interactions, ecosystem ecology, and evolutionary ecology, Joseph Craine explains how plants attain available nutrients, withstand the immense stresses of drying soils, and flourish in the race for light. He shows that the competition for resources has shaped plant evolution in newly discovered ways, while the scarcity of such resources has affected how plants interact with herbivores, wind, fire, and frost. An understanding of the major resource strategies of wild plants remains central to learning about the ecology of plant communities, global changes in the biosphere, methods for species conservation, and the evolution of life on earth.
Cover Half title Title Copyright Dedication Contents Preface Acknowledgments Abbreviations Chapter 1 The Basis for Plant Strategies Assessing Natural Selection From Single Traits to Multitrait Strategies Quantifying Plant Traits and Strategies Ranking Strategies Synthesis Chapter 2 The History of Plant Strategies Nutrients and the History of Plant Strategies Grime Chapin Tilman Laying the Foundation of Plant Strategies Chapter 3 Stress and Disturbance Defining Stress and Disturbance Major Causes of Stress and Disturbance How Herbivory Works Growth in the Face of Stress and Disturbance Responding after Stress and Disturbance The Links to Resource Availability Summary Chapter 4 Resource Limitation The Concept of Single-Resource limitation History of the Nitrogen Cycle Concept Pulses or Slow Bleeds? Primer on the Phosphorus Cycle Co-limitation in a Post-Liebigian World Evaluating Costs in a Co-limited World Trade-offs in Use Efficiency in a Co-limited World Summary Chapter 5 Competition for Nutrients and Light Definitions and Types of Competition Competition for Nutrients under Uniform Supplies How Much Root Length? Interference Competition Competition for Nutrients under Heterogeneous Supplies Competition for Light Synthesis Chapter 6 Comparing Negative Effects Comparing Negative Effects How to Measure the Importance of Stress and Disturbance in Environments How to Measure the Importance of Stress and Disturbance in the Natural Selection of a Species Importance of Factors at Low Nutrient Supply Importance of Factors at High Nutrient Supply The Relative Importance of Factors Synthesis Chapter 7 The Low-Nutrient Strategy Physiological Traits Whole-Plant Traits. Effects on Nitrogen Cycling Revising the Low-Nutrient Strategy Significance of Traits in Strategy Synthesis Chapter 8 The High-Resource Strategy The Scope of This Chapter Physiological Traits Whole-Plant Traits Effects on Nutrient Cycling Revising the High-Resource Strategy Significance of Traits in Strategy Why the Race Ends Synthesis Chapter 9 The Low-Light Strategy Physiological Traits Whole-Plant Traits Effects on Nutrient Cycling Traits under High Light Why These Patterns The End of the Second Stage of Competition Synthesis Chapter 10 The Low-Water and Low-CO2 Strategies Water Carbon Dioxide Summary Chapter 11 A Synthesis of Plant Strategies Application and the Way Forward Genetics, Pleiotropy, and Plasticity Limitation Competition Defense and Herbivory Mechanisms of Coexistence Biogeographic Patterns and Invasions Global Change Tree of Life Bibliography Index.
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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2021. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.