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Boundaries of Contagion : How Ethnic Politics Have Shaped Government Responses to AIDS.

Author/Creator:
Lieberman, Evan.
Publication:
Princeton : Princeton University Press, 2009.
Format/Description:
Book
1 online resource (368 pages)
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Subjects:
AIDS (Disease) -- Government policy.
AIDS (Disease) -- Political aspects.
Ethnic relations -- Political aspects.
Form/Genre:
Electronic books.
Summary:
Why have governments responded to the HIV/AIDS pandemic in such different ways? During the past quarter century, international agencies and donors have disseminated vast resources and a set of best practice recommendations to policymakers around the globe. Yet the governments of developing countries in sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean continue to implement widely varying policies. Boundaries of Contagion is the first systematic, comparative analysis of the politics of HIV/AIDS. The book explores the political challenges of responding to a stigmatized condition, and identifies ethnic boundaries--the formal and informal institutions that divide societies--as a central influence on politics and policymaking. Evan Lieberman examines the ways in which risk and social competition get mapped onto well-institutionalized patterns of ethnic politics. Where strong ethnic boundaries fragment societies into groups, the politics of AIDS are more likely to involve blame and shame-avoidance tactics against segments of the population. In turn, government leaders of such countries respond far less aggressively to the epidemic. Lieberman's case studies of Brazil, South Africa, and India--three developing countries that face significant AIDS epidemics--are complemented by statistical analyses of the policy responses of Indian states and over seventy developing countries. The studies conclude that varied patterns of ethnic competition shape how governments respond to this devastating problem. The author considers the implications for governments and donors, and the increasing tendency to identify social problems in ethnic terms.
Contents:
Intro
Boundaries of Contagion How Ethnic Politics Have Shaped Government Responses to AIDS
CONTENTS
Illustrations
Abbreviations
Preface
Chapter One Introduction
The Puzzle of Explaining Government Policy
AIDS as a Laboratory for Comparison: Politics in Really Hard Times
Outline of the Book
Chapter Two A Theory of Boundary Politics and Alternative Explanations
Ethnic Boundaries
The Effect of Boundaries on Policymaking
Implications for AIDS Policy
Additional and Alternative Explanations
Conclusion
Chapter Three Globalization and Global Governance of AIDS: The Geneva Consensus
The Rise of Asymmetric Global Health Governance
The Emergence of the Global Response to AIDS
The Content of the Geneva Consensus
The Limits of Consensus
Conclusion
Chapter Four Race Boundaries and AIDS Policy in Brazil and South Africa
Comparing the Epidemics in Brazil and South Africa
Different Policy Responses
Partial and Alternative Explanations of Policy Divergence
The Effect of Boundary Institutions
Conclusion
Chapter Five A Model-Testing Case Study of Strong Ethnic Boundaries and AIDS Policy in India
India's AIDS Epidemic
The Government's Response: Weak and Delayed
Explanation: The Role of Boundary Politics
Explaining Policy Variation across Indian States
Conclusions and Alternative Explanations
Chapter Six Ethnic Boundaries and AIDS Policies around the World
The Data
Analysis and Discussion: Estimates of the Effect of Boundaries on AIDS Policy
Conclusion
Chapter Seven Conclusion: Ethnic Boundaries or Cosmopolitanism?
Implications
Future Research
References
Index.
Notes:
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources.
Local notes:
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2021. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.
Contributor:
Lieberman, Evan S. S.
Other format:
Print version: Lieberman, Evan Boundaries of Contagion
ISBN:
9781400830459
9780691140193
OCLC:
697175317