Dividing the Faith : The Rise of Segregated Churches in the Early American North / Richard J. Boles.

Boles, Richard J., author., Author,
New York, NY : New York University Press, [2020]
Early American Places ; 17
1 online resource : 11 b/w illustrations
African American churches -- History.
African Americans -- Religious life.
African Americans -- Segregation -- New England.
Indians of North America -- Religious life.
Indians of North America -- New England -- Social conditions.
Race relations -- Religious aspects -- Christianity.
Segregation -- Religious aspects -- Christianity.
Local subjects:
Dutch Reformed. (search)
Early Republic. (search)
Great Awakening. (search)
Indian churches. (search)
Lutheran. (search)
Methodist. (search)
Mid-Atlantic. (search)
Moravian. (search)
Native Americans. (search)
New England. (search)
Phillis Wheatley. (search)
Presbyterian. (search)
Samson Occom. (search)
Samuel Niles. (search)
Sarah Osborn. (search)
William Apess. (search)
abolitionism;African Americans;American Revolution;Anglican;antebellum;anti-black violence;antislavery;Baptist;black churches;British Atlantic world;Christian education;colonial society;compassion;Congregational;David Walker. (search)
enslaved people. (search)
evangelism. (search)
integrationist. (search)
interracial. (search)
northern Protestants. (search)
northern churches. (search)
race relations. (search)
racial categories. (search)
racism. (search)
revivalism. (search)
segregation. (search)
slavery. (search)
southern churches. (search)
In English.
System Details:
Mode of access: Internet via World Wide Web.
text file PDF
Uncovers the often overlooked participation of African Americans and Native Americans in early Protestant churchesPhillis Wheatley was stolen from her family in Senegambia, and, in 1761, slave traders transported her to Boston, Massachusetts, to be sold. She was purchased by the Wheatley family who treated Phillis far better than most eighteenth-century slaves could hope, and she received a thorough education while still, of course, longing for her freedom. After four years, Wheatley began writing religious poetry. She was baptized and became a member of a predominantly white Congregational church in Boston. More than ten years after her enslavement began, some of her poetry was published in London, England, as a book titled Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral. This book is evidence that her experience of enslavement was exceptional. Wheatley remains the most famous black Christian of the colonial era. Though her experiences and accomplishments were unique, her religious affiliation with a predominantly white church was quite ordinary. Dividing the Faith argues that, contrary to the traditional scholarly consensus, a significant portion of northern Protestants worshipped in interracial contexts during the eighteenth century. Yet in another fifty years, such an affiliation would become increasingly rare as churches were by-and-large segregated.Richard Boles draws from the records of over four hundred congregations to scrutinize the factors that made different Christian traditions either accessible or inaccessible to African American and American Indian peoples. By including Indians, Afro-Indians, and black people in the study of race and religion in the North, this research breaks new ground and uses patterns of church participation to illuminate broader social histories. Overall, it explains the dynamic history of racial integration and segregation in northern colonies and states.
Figures and Tables
1 "Not of Whites Alone, but of Blacks Also": Black, Indian, and European Protestants, 1730-1749
2 "I Claim Jesus Christ to Be My Right Master": Black-White Religious Conflicts and Indian Separatists, 1740-1763
3 "Compassion upon These Outcasts": Evangelism and Expanding Interracial Worship, 1764-1776
4 "Slavery Is a Bitter Pill": Interracial Churches, War, and Abolitionism, 1776-1790
5 "To Restore Our Long Lost Race": The Rise of Separate Black Churches, 1791-1820
6 "Suffering under the Rod of Despotic Pharaohs": The Segregated North and Black and Indian Christian Radicalism, 1821-1850
Note on Sources
About the Author
Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page (publisher's Web site, viewed 06. Jan 2021)
De Gruyter.
Contained In:
De Gruyter University Press Library.
Publisher Number:
10.18574/9781479801657 doi
Access Restriction:
Restricted for use by site license.
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